Criminal Code and Related Definitions

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Introduction

All definitions set out here apply to all uses of the word within the Criminal Code except where indicated otherwise.

Descriptive cross-references
3. Where, in any provision of this Act, a reference to another provision of this Act or a provision of any other Act is followed by words in parenthesis that are or purport to be descriptive of the subject-matter of the provision referred to, the words in parenthesis form no part of the provision in which they occur but shall be deemed to have been inserted for convenience of reference only. 1976-77, c. 53, s. 2.


CCC

Criminal Code Terms

Term Section Scope Related Sections and/or Articles
"abandon" or "expose" s. 214 Part VIII of Code [Offences Against the Person and Reputation] Abandoning Child (s. 218)
"accused" s. 2 Criminal Code many instances, see Accused in Court
"Act" s. 2 Criminal Code many instances, Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents
"aircraft" s. 214 Part VIII of Code [Offences Against the Person and Reputation] s. 244.2, 249, 251 to 254, 255, 255.1, 258, 259, 260
"associated personnel" s. 2 Criminal Code s. 6, 424.1, 431.1. See also Definitions of Parties, Persons, and Organizations
"bank-note" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents
"bodily harm" s. 2 Criminal Code Definition of Bodily Harm
“Canadian Forces” s. 2 Criminal Code s.5, 46, 50, 53, 54, 62, 78, 117.07, 117.08, 191, 193.1, 269.1, 366, 419 to 421, 445.01, and 672.37
"child pornography" s. 163.1 Section 163.1 only ("this section") Definition of Child Pornography
"clerk of the court" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions of Parties, Persons, and Organizations
"common-law partner" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions of Parties, Persons, and Organizations
"complainant" s. 2 Criminal Code Role of the Victim and Third Parties
"counsel" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions of Parties, Persons, and Organizations
"count" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents
"court" s. 164(8) Section 164 Definition of Judicial Officers
"court" s. 320(8) Section 320 Definition of Judicial Officers
"court of appeal" s. 2 Criminal Code Criminal Courts
"court of criminal jurisdiction" s. 2 Criminal Code Definition of Judicial Officers
"court of criminal jurisdiction" s. 785 Part XXVII of Criminal Code Criminal Courts
"Credit card" s. 321 Part IX [Offences Against Rights of Property] s. 342, 342.01, 347.1. See also Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents
"criminal organization" s. 2 Criminal Code Criminal Organizations
"criminal organization offence" s. 2 Criminal Code Criminal Organizations
"day" s. 2 Criminal Code Time and Place
"document" s. 321 Part IX [Offences Against Rights of Property] ("this part") Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents
"document of title to goods" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents
"document of title to lands" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents
"dwelling-house" s. 2 Criminal Code Dwelling House Defined
“every one”, “person” and “owner” s. 2 Criminal Code
"explosive substance" s. 2 Criminal Code Use or Possession of Explosives (Offence)
"firearm" s. 2 Criminal Code Firearms
"form of marriage" s. 214 Part VIII of Code [Offences Against the Person and Reputation]
"guardian" s. 214 Part VIII of Code [Offences Against the Person and Reputation]
"Her Majesty’s Forces" s. 2 Criminal Code
"indictment" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents
"internationally protected person" s. 2 Criminal Code
"judge" s. 83.28 Section 83.28 and 83.29 Definition of Judicial Officers
"judge" s. 320 Section 320 Definition of Judicial Officers
"judge" s. 462.3 Part XII.2 [Proceeds of Crime] Definition of Judicial Officers
"judge" s. 488.1(1) "this section" Definition of Judicial Officers
"judge" s. 490.2(5) "this section" Definition of Judicial Officers
"judge" s. 493 Part XVI [Compelling Appearance of Accused Before a Justice and Interim Release] (s. 493 to 529.5) Definition of Judicial Officers
"judge" s. 552 Part XIX [Indictable Offences — Trial Without Jury] (s. 552 to 573.2) Definition of Judicial Officers
"justice" s. 2 Criminal Code Definition of Judicial Officers
"justice system participant" s. 2 Criminal Code Intimidation of a Justice System Participant (Offence)
"mental disorder" s. 2 Criminal Code Not Criminally Responsible
"military" s. 2 Criminal Code
"military law" s. 2 Criminal Code
"motor vehicle" s. 2 Criminal Code Impaired Driving, Over 80 and Refusal (Offence)
"municipality" s. 2 Criminal Code
"night" s. 2 Criminal Code Time and Place
"offence-related property" s. 2 Criminal Code Forfeiture of Offence-related Property
"offender" s. 2 Criminal Code Accused in Court
"operate" s. 214 Part VIII of Code [Offences Against the Person and Reputation]
"organization" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions of Parties, Persons, and Organizations
"peace officer" s. 2 Criminal Code Peace Officers
"prison" s. 2 Criminal Code Prison Breach (Offence)
"property" s. 2 Criminal Code Possession of Stolen Property (Offence)
"property" s. 428 Part XI of the Code Possession of Stolen Property (Offence)
"provincial court judge" s. 2 Criminal Code (except as set out in s. 111, 487.04) Definition of Judicial Officers
"provincial court judge" s. 111(11) "this section and sections 112, 117.011 and 117.012" of Code Definition of Judicial Officers
"provincial court judge" s. 487.04 "this section and in sections 487.05 to 487.0911" Definition of Judicial Officers
"public officer" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions of Parties, Persons, and Organizations
"representative" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions of Parties, Persons, and Organizations
"senior officer" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions of Parties, Persons, and Organizations
"serious offence" s. 467.1 Criminal Code ("this Act")
"serious personal injury offence" s. 752 Part XXIV [Dangerous Offenders And Long-Term Offenders] ("This part") Serious Personal Injury Offences
"steal" s. 2 Criminal Code
"street racing" s. 2 Criminal Code
"summary conviction court" s. 785 Part XXVII of Criminal Code Criminal Courts
"superior court of criminal jurisdiction" s. 2 Criminal Code Definition of Judicial Officers
"territorial division" s. 2 Criminal Code
"terrorist activity" s. 2 and 83.01 Criminal Code Terrorism Definitions
"traffic” s. 355.1 s. 355.2 and 355. Trafficking in Stolen Property (Offence)
"trustee" s. 2 Criminal Code
"unfit to stand trial" s. 2 Criminal Code Fitness to Stand Trial
"valuable security" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents
"vessel" s. 214 Part VIII of Code [Offences Against the Person and Reputation] Referenced in s. 244.2, 249, 250 to 255.1, and 258 to 260.
"victim" s. 2 Criminal Code Role of the Victim and Third Parties
"warrant" s. 493 Part XVI of Code [Compelling Appearance of Accused Before a Justice and Interim Release] ("this Part") Warrant Arrests
"weapons" s. 2 Criminal Code Definition of Weapons
"wiretap offences" s. 183 Part VI [Invasion of Privacy] Wiretaps
"writing" s. 2 Criminal Code Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents


Controlled Drugs and Substances Act Terms

Term Section Scope Related Sections and/or Articles
"adjudiator" s. 2 CDSA
"alternate person in charge" s. 56.1 "this section"
"analyst" s. 2 CDSA
"controlled substance" s. 2 CDSA
"designated criminal offence" s. 56.1 "this section"
"designated drug offence" s. 56.1 "this section"
"designated substance offence" s. 2 CDSA
"judge" s. 2 CDSA see s. 522 of the Criminal Code
"justice" s. 2 CDSA same as s. 2 of the Criminal Code
"offence-related property" s. 2 CDSA
"possession" s. 2 CDSA
"produce" s. 2 CDSA
"provide", "sell" or "traffic" s. 2 CDSA

Evidence Act

Term Section Scope Related Sections and/or Articles
"court" s. 29 "this section" Electronic Documents
"financial institution" s. 29 "this section"
"legal proceedings" s. 29 "this section"
"computer system" s. 31.8 s. 31.1 to 31.6 Electronic Documents
"data" s. 31.8 s. 31.1 to 31.6 Electronic Documents
"electronic document" s. 31.8 s. 31.1 to 31.6 Electronic Documents
"electronic documents system" s. 31.8 s. 31.1 to 31.6 Electronic Documents
"secure electronic signature" s. 31.8 s. 31.1 to 31.6 Electronic Documents

Interpretation Act

Term Section Scope Related Sections and/or Articles
"Act" s. 35 "every enactment"
“Her Majesty”, “His Majesty”, “the Queen”, “the King” or “the Crown” s. 35 "every enactment"
"superior court" s. 35 "every enactment"
"repeal" s. 2 Interpretation Act ("this Act")

See Also