Definitions of Parties, Persons, and Organizations

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See also: Criminal Code and Related Definitions

Person

Section 2 states:

“every one”, “person” and “owner”, and similar expressions, include Her Majesty and an organization;


Under s. 2, a "person" may include organizations such as a union.[1]

  1. United Nurses of Alberta v Alberta (Attorney General), 1992 CanLII 99 (SCC), [1992] 1 SCR 901

Organization

s. 2.
...
“organization” means

(a) a public body, body corporate, society, company, firm, partnership, trade union or municipality, or
(b) an association of persons that
(i) is created for a common purpose,
(ii) has an operational structure, and
(iii) holds itself out to the public as an association of persons;


Lawyers


...
“counsel” means a barrister or solicitor, in respect of the matters or things that barristers and solicitors, respectively, are authorized by the law of a province to do or perform in relation to legal proceedings;



Accused or Offender

See also: Accused in Court

Victim or Complainant

See also: Victim Impact Statements and Role of the Victim and Third Parties

Attorney General, Crown, or Prosecutor

Judges

CDSA

Section 2 of the CDSA defines "judge" as:

“judge” means a judge as defined in section 552 of the Criminal Code or a judge of a superior court of criminal jurisdiction;

...
“justice” has the same meaning as in section 2 of the Criminal Code;


CDSA

Other Persons

...
“associated personnel” means persons who are

(a) assigned by a government or an intergovernmental organization with the agreement of the competent organ of the United Nations,
(b) engaged by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, by a specialized agency of the United Nations or by the International Atomic Energy Agency, or
(c) deployed by a humanitarian non-governmental organization or agency under an agreement with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, by a specialized agency of the United Nations or by the International Atomic Energy Agency,

to carry out activities in support of the fulfilment of the mandate of a United Nations operation;
...

“clerk of the court” includes a person, by whatever name or title he may be designated, who from time to time performs the duties of a clerk of the court;
...
“common-law partner”, in relation to an individual, means a person who is cohabiting with the individual in a conjugal relationship, having so cohabited for a period of at least one year;
...

“internationally protected person” means

(a) a head of state, including any member of a collegial body that performs the functions of a head of state under the constitution of the state concerned, a head of a government or a minister of foreign affairs, whenever that person is in a state other than the state in which he holds that position or office,
(b) a member of the family of a person described in paragraph (a) who accompanies that person in a state other than the state in which that person holds that position or office,
(c) a representative or an official of a state or an official or agent of an international organization of an intergovernmental character who, at the time when and at the place where an offence referred to in subsection 7(3) is committed against his person or any property referred to in section 431 that is used by him, is entitled, pursuant to international law, to special protection from any attack on his person, freedom or dignity, or
(d) a member of the family of a representative, official or agent described in paragraph (c) who forms part of his household, if the representative, official or agent, at the time when and at the place where any offence referred to in subsection 7(3) is committed against the member of his family or any property referred to in section 431 that is used by that member, is entitled, pursuant to international law, to special protection from any attack on his person, freedom or dignity;

...

“newly-born child” means a person under the age of one year;
...

“representative”, in respect of an organization, means a director, partner, employee, member, agent or contractor of the organization;
...
“senior officer” means a representative who plays an important role in the establishment of an organization’s policies or is responsible for managing an important aspect of the organization’s activities and, in the case of a body corporate, includes a director, its chief executive officer and its chief financial officer;
...

“trustee” means a person who is declared by any Act to be a trustee or is, by the law of a province, a trustee, and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, includes a trustee on an express trust created by deed, will or instrument in writing, or by parol; ...


CCC


Public Officer

2.
...
“public officer” includes

(a) an officer of customs or excise,
(b) an officer of the Canadian Forces,
(c) an officer of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and
(d) any officer while the officer is engaged in enforcing the laws of Canada relating to revenue, customs, excise, trade or navigation;

...


CCC