Hearsay (Cases)

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Categorical Exceptions

State of Mind

Case Name Summary
R v Wysochan (1930) 54 CCC 172 (SKCA) (*no CanLII links) "there's a bullet in my body" -- admitted
R v Edwards (1994), 1994 CanLII 1461 (ON CA), 91 CCC 3d 123 (ONCA) cell phone messages suggestive of trafficking -- admitted for purpose of establishing the activities of accused and intent to respond.

Res Gestae

Case Name Summary
R v Keewatin, 2013 ABPC 1 (CanLII) rejected
R v Villeda, 2011 ABCA 85 (CanLII) complainant's 911 call admitted in evidence as res gestae hearsay dispite issues with impairment
R v Khan, 2010 ONCJ 580 (CanLII) complainant's 911 call admissible for prosecution as res gestae


Case Name Result Summary
R v Alcantara, 2012 ABQB 219 (CanLII) prelim evidence was admitted under s. 715
R v Beah, 2013 ONSC 2490 (CanLII) application under .715(1)(d) granted

Principled Exception to Hearsay


Case Name Result Summary
R v Frederickson,
2013 BCSC 779 (CanLII)
rejected in part
R v Clarke,
2013 MBQB 26 (CanLII)
R v House,
2012 ONSC 6749 (CanLII)
rejected (agreed stmt)
admitted (interview)
R v Serre
2012 ONSC 3210 (CanLII)
admitted guilty plea and agreed statement of facts of a co-accused are admitted only as far as it covers first-hand knowledge.
R v Deelespp,
2002 ABPC 85 (CanLII)
R v Agwa and Ojulu,
2011 MBPC 21 (CanLII)
R v Sasakamoose,
2008 SKPC 164 (CanLII)
R v E.C.,
2007 SKPC 27 (CanLII)
R v K.P.H.,
2007 ABQB 728 (CanLII)
R v Kontzamanis,
2007 BCSC 1603 (CanLII)
R v Williams,
2006 NSCA 23 (CanLII), [2006] NSJ No. 63 (NSCA)
R v Sigovin
[2006] O.J. No. 1967 (Ont. Ct. Jus.)(*no CanLII links)
R v White, 2006 ABQB 888 (CanLII) dismissed
R v Adam et al, 2006 BCSC 1355 (CanLII)
R v Aronis, 2005 CanLII 2057 (ON SC), [2005] O.J. No. 286 (Ont. S.C.)
R v Beckmann, 2005 ABQB 227 (CanLII), [2005] A.J. No. 385 (Alta. QB)
R v Levesque [2004] O.J. No. 2528 (Ont. S.C.)(*no CanLII links)
R v A.M., 2004 ONCJ 185 (CanLII), [2004] O.J. No 3770 (Ont. S.C.)
R v Johnson, 2004 NSCA 91 (CanLII), [2004] NSJ No. 280 (NSCA)
R v Michaud, 2004 CanLII 7714 (ON CA), [2004] O.J. No. 2098, (Ont. C.A.)
R v P.S.B., 2004 NSCA 25 (CanLII), [2004] NSJ No. 49 (NSCA)
R v Singh [2004] O.J. No. 1799 (Ont. Ct. Jus) admitted Domestic offence
R v Scott, 2004 NSCA 141 (CanLII), [2004] NSJ No. 451 (NSCA)
R v Malik, 2004 BCSC 299 (CanLII), [2004] BCJ No. 456 (BCSC)
R v Morehouse, 2004 ABQB 97 (CanLII), [2004] A.J. No. 123 (Alta. Q.B.)
R v Strauss, 2004 SKPC 146 (CanLII), [2004] S.J. No. 846 (Sask. Prov. Ct.)
R v Wodage [2004] M.J. No. 61 (Man. Prov. Ct.)(*no CanLII links)
R v Prince, 2004 BCPC 163 (CanLII), [2004] BCJ No. 1277 (BC. Prov. Ct.)
R v Czibulka, 2004 CanLII 22985 (ON CA), [2004] O.J. No. 3273 (Ont. C.A.)
R v Nolin, 2003 CanLII 5923 (MB PC), [2003] M.J. No. 270 (Man. Prov. Ct.)
R v Wilder, 2003 BCSC 1840 (CanLII), [2003] BCJ No. 2884
R v Campbell, 2002 NSCA 35 (CanLII), [2002] NSJ No. 120 (NSCA)
R v Nazareth [2002] O.J. No. 4085 (Ont. Ct. Jus.)(*no CanLII links)
R v Nejad, 2002 BCPC 617 (CanLII), [2002] BCJ No. 3067 (B.C. Prov. Ct.) statement admitted domestic violence -- gave different story from handwritten statement--statement consistent with 911 call and other evidence--no duress in statement, written over 45 minutes
R v E.J.F., 2001 NSCA 158 (CanLII), [2001] NSJ No. 434 (NSCA)
R v Oakley, 2001 NSPC 36 (CanLII), [2001] NSJ No. 537 (NS Prov. Ct.)
R v Pennell, 2001 NSPC 12 (CanLII), [2001] NSJ No. 211(NS Prov. Ct.)
R v Nguyen, 2001 ABCA 98 (CanLII), [2001] A.J. No. 513 (Alta. C.A.)
R v Glowatski, 2001 BCCA 678 (CanLII), [2001] BCJ No. 2499 (BCCA)
R v Auger, 2001 NWTSC 30 (CanLII), [2001] N.W.T.J. No. 45 (NWT Sup. Ct.)
R v Morrissey [2001] O.J. No. 498 (Ont. Ct. Jus.)(*no CanLII links)
R v Armstrong [2001] O.J. No. 2348 (Ont. Sup. Ct. Jus.)(*no CanLII links)
R v J.M. [2001] O.J. No. 1748 (Ont. Ct. Jus.)(*no CanLII links)
R v Lavallee, 2000 CanLII 19585 (SK PC), [2000] S.J. No. 43 (Sask. Prov. Ct.)
R v Diu, 2000 CanLII 4535 (ON CA), [2000] O.J. No. 1770 (Ont. C.A.)
R v Deschenes [2000] O.J. No. 4658 (Ont. Ct. Jus.)(*no CanLII links)
R v R.B. [2000] O.J. No. 1888 (Ont. Ct. Jus.)(*no CanLII links)
R v Schwartzenburg [2000] O.J. No. 2655 (Ont. S.C. Jus.)(*no CanLII links) not admitted domestic offence
R v Van Osselaer, 1999 CanLII 5913 (BC SC), 1999 CanLII 6976 (BC SC), [1999] BCJ No. 3140 (BCSC)
R v St. Croix, 1999 CanLII 19721 (NL SCTD), [1999] N.J. 214 (Nfld. S.C.)
R v MacLeod [1999] O.J. No. 4325 statement admitted domestic offence--victim claimed at trial it was accident--not under oath or video tapted
R v Duong [1999] O.J. No. 1651 (Ont. Ct. Jus.)
R v Merz, 1999 CanLII 1647 (ON CA), (1999) 140 CCC (3d) 259 (Ont. C.A.)
R v Bartlett [1999] O.J. No. 3313 (Ont. Ct. Jus.)(*no CanLII links) statement admitted domestic offence--statement given within an hour of incident, detailed and signed--witness agreed contents were reliable to what was said--
R v S.H. [1998] O.J. No 613 (Ont. Prov. Ct.)(*no CanLII links)
R v Fraser, 1997 CanLII 2562 (NS SC), [1997] NSJ No. 541 (NSSC)
R v Conway, 1997 CanLII 2726 (ON CA), (1997) 121 CCC (3d) 397 (Ont C.A.)
R v O’Keefe [1997] N.J. No. 314 (Nfld. Prov. Ct.)(*no CanLII links)
R v Chartrand [1997] M.J. No. 552 (Man. Q.B.)(*no CanLII links)
R v Mohamed [1997] O.J. No. 1298 (Ont. Prov. Ct.)(*no CanLII links)
R v Campbell [1997] O.J. No. 5837 (Ont. Prov. Ct.)(*no CanLII links)
R v W.B. [1997] O.J. No. 5382 (Ont. Prov. Ct.)(*no CanLII links) domestic assault, threats--witness gave video statement, left country--admitted statement--corroboration
R v Leopold [1996] NSJ No. 544 (NS Prov. Ct)(*no CanLII links)
R v Pottie, 1996 CanLII 5604 (NS CA), [1996] NSJ No. 138 (NSCA)
R v Collins [1996] O.J. No. 2881 (Ont Prov. Ct.)(*no CanLII links) statement admitted recanted witness
R v J.K. [1996] BCJ No. 2751 (B.C.Y.C.)(*no CanLII links)
R v Woycheshen [1996] M.J. No. 570 (Man. Prov. Ct.)(*no CanLII links) statement not admitted
R v Smart [1995] O.J. No. 4182 (Ont. Prov. Ct.)(*no CanLII links)

Deceased witness

Case Name Summary
R v Chretien, 2009 CanLII 9390 (ON SC) video statement admitted for truth of contents under KGB
R v Kociuk, 2009 MBQB 162 (CanLII) confession to murder by a deceased third party held admissible
R v McCotter, 2012 BCCA 54 (CanLII) statements made to co-workers before death admissible
R v Candir,2009 ONCA 915 (CanLII) admissible
R v Fairburn, 2009 CanLII 37714 (ONSC) admissible
R v Mohammed, 2007 ONCA 513 (CanLII) admissible
R v Assoun, 2006 NSCA 47 (CanLII)
R v Ackland, 2006 ABQB 347 (CanLII) deceased mother's statement excluded
R v Solic, 2003 ABQB 1069 (CanLII) deceased gave video statement; admissible

Recanting witness

Case Name Summary
R v C.M., 2012 ABPC 102 (CanLII) witness gave preliminary inquiry testimony, later said that it was all a lie--prior statement admitted
R v McCormack et al., 2008 ONCJ 286 (CanLII) prior written statement evidence partially admitted
R v Tomlinson, CanLII 58424 (ONSC) oral utterance to police; inadmissible
R v Devine, 2007 ABCA 49 (CanLII) girlfriend keeps changing story; ID evidence admitted
R v Rombough, 2006 ABPC 262 (CanLII) video statement admitted
R v Nejad, 2004 BCSC 1819 (CanLII) statement to police admitted
R v Duong, 1998 CanLII 3585 (ON C.A.) reject prior testimony of co-accused placing accused at scene; witness proven liar
R v Hrynyk, 1998 ABPC 160 (CanLII) under oath statement admitted

Forgetful witnesses

Case Name Summary
R v Thomas (R.J.), 2009 MBCA 85 (CanLII) "forgetful" witness gave video statement; admitted.
R v Woodard, 2009 MBCA 42 (CanLII) "forgetful" witness; prior statement admissible
R v E.C., 2007 SKPC 27 (CanLII) witness "forgets"; prior statement admissible
R v Moreau, 2006 NUCJ 8 (CanLII) prior statement not admitted
R v Malik and Bagri, 2004 BCSC 2004 (CanLII) forgetful witness gave statement; admitted as past recollection recorded

Refusal to testify

Case Name Summary
R v Cansanay, 2009 MBCA 59 (CanLII) gang members refuse to testify; overturn exclusion of statements
R v U. (S.), 2007 NUCJ 20 (CanLII) statement admitted
R v Goodstoney, 2005 ABQB 128 (CanLII) 2 out of 3 KGB statements rejected
R v Scott, 2004 NSCA 141 (CanLII) KGB statement wrongly admitted in 2004 NSSC 13 (CanLII)
R v Charles, 1997 CanLII 9699 (SKCA) 3 prior statements inadmissible

Disabled witness

Case Name Summary
R v Pearson, 1994 CanLII 8751 (BCCA)

Youthful witness

Case Name Summary
R v Weselak, 1999 CanLII 14165 (MBQB) admitted PI testimony of child

Otherwise unavailable

Case Name Summary
R v Clark, 2008 ABQB 384 (CanLII) missing witness; PI testimony admissible
R v Lewis, 2003 NSPC 3 (CanLII) witness gave 2 statements, was available but failed to attend court; statement inadmissible
R v May, 2012 BCSC 802 (CanLII) admissible - Preliminary Inquiry transcript


Case Name Summary
R v Edgar, 2010 ONCA 529 (CanLII) prior statements admitted


Case Name Summary
R v Singh-Murray, 2011 NBPC 33 (CanLII) KGB statement not admissible

Domestic Violence cases

Case Name Summary
R v Abel, 2011 NLTD 173 (CanLII) hearsay evidence of murder victim reporting multiple incidents of violence to family was inadmissible under principled approach
R v Pasqualino, 2008 ONCA 554 (CanLII) admitted for est. motive, intent and animus -- statement of victim reporting past physical and verbal abuse.
R v Moo, 2009 ONCA 645 (CanLII) statement by deceased reporting nature of relationship and marriage -- admitted for 1) motive, intent, and animus 2) rebut accused claim of unintentional killing and 3) credibility if accused testifies
R v Candir, 2009 ONCA 915 (CanLII) 150 statements of deceased to show state of mind -- admitted for motive, animus and identity of killer and state of mind of killer (para 51)
R v Polimac, 2010 ONCA 346 (CanLII) admitted to establish motive in domestic homicide
R v Bari, 2006 NBCA 119 (CanLII) admissible to show victim's fear / state of mind
R v Van Osselaer, 2002 BCCA 464 (CanLII) admissible to show nature of relationship bw accused and deceased, show motive and identity of killer, shows intent, rebut defence of accident, narrative
R v Misir, 2001 BCCA 202 (CanLII) admitted to prove intent, motive and identity, and relationship between the parties
R v Nickerson, 1996 CanLII 3664 (NS SC), [1996] NSJ No. 342 3 witnesses recanted, saying they forgot, were intoxicated at time, were misunderstood by police--court admitted prior statements--reliability found based on separate and corroborating statements, the witnesses understood need for truth, and it was accurately recorded