Judicial Referral Hearing

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Proceedings Respecting Failure to Comply with Release Conditions
Judicial referral hearing

523.1 (1) When an accused appears before a justice in any of the circumstances described in subsection (2) [circumstances where referral hearings apply], the justice shall

(a) if the accused was released from custody under an order made under subsection 522(3) [release of accused on s. 469 offences] by a judge of the superior court of criminal jurisdiction of any province, order that the accused appear before a judge of that court so that the judge may hear the matter; or
(b) in any other case, hear the matter.
Circumstances

(2) The circumstances referred to in subsection (1) [power of justice to hear judicial referrals] are the following:

(a) an appearance notice has been issued to the accused for failing to comply with a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order or to attend court as required and the prosecutor seeks a decision under this section; or
(b) a charge has been laid against the accused for the contravention referred to in paragraph (a) and the prosecutor seeks a decision under this section.
Powers — Judge or Justice

(3) If the judge or justice who hears the matter is satisfied that the accused failed to comply with a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order or to attend court as required and that the failure did not cause a victim physical or emotional harm, property damage or economic loss, the judge or justice shall review any conditions of release that have been imposed on the accused and may, as the case may be,

(a) take no action;
(b) cancel any other summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order in respect of the accused and, as the case may be,
(i) make a release order under section 515 [judicial interim release provisions], or
(ii) if the prosecutor shows cause why the detention of the accused in custody is justified under subsection 515(10) [justification for detention in custody], make an order that the accused be detained in custody until the accused is dealt with according to law and if so detained, the judge or justice shall include in the record a statement of the judge’s or justice’s reasons for making the order; or
(c) remand the accused to custody for the purposes of the Identification of Criminals Act.
Dismissal of charge

(4) If a charge has been laid against the accused for the failure referred to in paragraph (2)(a) [circumstances where referral hearings apply – cahrge with failing to comply with conditions] and the judge or justice, as the case may be, makes a decision under subsection (3) [powers of judge or justice in referral hearing], the judge or justice shall also dismiss that charge.

No information or indictment

(5) If the judge or justice makes a decision under subsection (3) [powers of judge or justice in referral hearing], no information may be laid nor indictment be preferred against the accused for the failure referred to in paragraph (2)(a) [circumstances where referral hearings apply – cahrge with failing to comply with conditions].

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Note up: 523.1(1), (2), (3), (4), and (5)

This provision came into force on December 18, 2019.

Hearing

524 (1) When an accused is taken before a justice in any of the circumstances described in subsection (2) [power of justice to hear breach allegations – circumstances], the justice shall

(a) if the accused was released from custody under an order made under subsection 522(3) [release of accused on s. 469 offences] by a judge of the superior court of criminal jurisdiction of any province, order that the accused be taken before a judge of that court so that the judge may hear the matter; or
(b) in any other case, hear the matter.
Circumstances

(2) The circumstances referred to in subsection (1) [power of justice to hear breach allegations] are the following:

(a) the accused has been arrested for the contravention of or having been about to contravene, a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order and the prosecutor seeks to have it cancelled under this section; or
(b) the accused has been arrested for having committed an indictable offence while being subject to a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order and the prosecutor seeks to have it cancelled under this section.
Cancellation

(3) The judge or justice who hears the matter shall cancel a summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order in respect of the accused if the judge or justice finds that

(a) the accused has contravened or had been about to contravene the summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order; or
(b) there are reasonable grounds to believe that the accused has committed an indictable offence while being subject to the summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order.
Detention

(4) If the judge or justice cancels the summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order, the judge or justice shall order that the accused be detained in custody unless the accused, having been given a reasonable opportunity to do so, shows cause why their detention in custody is not justified under subsection 515(10) [justification for detention in custody].

Release order

(5) If the judge or justice does not order that the accused be detained in custody under subsection (4) [breach allegations – remand after cancellation], the judge or justice shall make a release order referred to in section 515 [judicial interim release provisions].

Reasons

(6) If the judge or justice makes a release order under subsection (5) [breach allegations – release after showing cause], the judge or justice shall include in the record a statement of the reasons for making the order, and subsection 515(9) [sufficiency of record] applies with any modifications that the circumstances require.

Release

(7) If the judge or justice does not cancel the summons, appearance notice, undertaking or release order under subsection (3) [breach allegations – cancellation of prior order], the judge or justice shall order that the accused be released from custody.

Provisions applicable to proceedings under this section

(8) The provisions of sections 516 to 519 [x] apply with any modifications that the circumstances require in respect of any proceedings under this section, except that subsection 518(2) [release on guilty plea pending sentence] does not apply in respect of an accused who is charged with an offence mentioned in section 469 [exclusive jurisdiction offences].

Review — order by judge

(9) An order made under subsection (4) [breach allegations – remand after cancellation] or (5) [breach allegations – release after showing cause] respecting an accused referred to in paragraph (1)(a) [power of justice to hear breach allegations – where released on 469 offence] is not subject to review except as provided in section 680 [review by court of appeal].

Review — order of justice

(10) An order made under subsection (4) [breach allegations – remand after cancellation] or (5) [breach allegations – release after showing cause] respecting an accused other than the accused referred to in paragraph (1)(a) [power of justice to hear breach allegations – where released on 469 offence], is subject to review under sections 520 and 521 as if the order were made under section 515 [judicial interim release provisions].

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Note up: 524(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), and (10)

This provision came into force on December 18, 2019.