List of Hybrid Offences

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See also: Offences by Penalty, List of Summary Conviction Offences, and List of Straight Indictable Offences

Maximum Penalty of 14 Years Imprisonment by Indictment

Offence Section Minimums Summary Election Maximum Consecutive Time
Sexual interference
From July 17, 2015
s. 151 1 year / 90 days jail 2 years less a day No
Invitation to sexual touching
From July 17, 2015
s. 152 1 year / 90 days jail 2 years less a day No
Sexual exploitation
From July 17, 2015
s. 153(1.1) 1 year / 90 days 2 years less a day No
Bestiality in presence of child
From July 17, 2015
s. 160(3) 1 year / 6 months 2 years less a day Yes (s.718.3(7))
Luring a child
From July 17, 2015
s. 172.1(2) 1 year / 6 months 2 years less a day Yes (s.718.3(7))
Sexual Assault - victim under 16 years
From July 17, 2015
s. 271 1 year / 6 months 18 months No

Maximum Penalty of 10 Years Imprisonment by Indictment

Offence Section Minimums Summary Election Maximum Consecutive Time
Offences re freezing of property, disclosure or audit relative to terrorism s. 83.12 1 year jail with priors $100,000 and/or 1 year No
Possession of weapon obtained by crime s. 96(2) 1 year jail with priors 1 year No
Assembling automatic firearm s. 102(2) 1 year (on Indictment) 1 year No
Sexual exploitation
August 9, 2012 to July 17, 2015
s. 153(1.1) 1 year / 90 days 18 months No
Sexual exploitation
Until August 9, 2012
s. 153(1.1) 45 days / 14 days 18 months No
Bestiality in presence of child August 9, 2012 to July 17, 2015 s. 160(3) 6 months or 1 year 2 years less a day Yes (s.718.3(7))
Possession of prohibited or restricted weapon with ammunition s. 95(2)(a) 3 or 5 years 1 year No
Possession of a weapon for purpose dangerous s. 88(1) None summary conviction No
Possession of unauthorized weapon in vehicle s. 94(2) None summary conviction No
Possession of firearm contrary to prohibition order s. 117.01(3) None summary conviction No
Sexual interference
August 9, 2012 to July 17, 2015
s. 151 1 year / 90 days jail 18 months No
Sexual interference
Until August 9, 2012
s. 151 45 days / 14 days jail 18 months No
Invitation to sexual touching
August 9, 2012 to July 17, 2015
s. 152 1 year / 90 days jail 18 months No
Invitation to sexual touching
Until August 9, 2012
s. 152 45 days / 14 days jail 18 months No
Anal intercourse s. 159(1) None summary conviction No
Bestiality s. 160(1) None summary conviction No
Compelling bestiality s. 160(2) None summary conviction No
Possession of Child Pornography
From July 17, 2015
s. 163.1(4) 12 months / 6 months two years less a day Yes (s.718.3(7))
Accessing of Child Pornography
From July 17, 2015
s. 163.1(4.1) 12 months / 6 months two years less a day Yes (s.718.3(7))
Making Child Pornography
August 9, 2012 to July 17, 2015
s. 163.1(4.1) 12 months / 6 months two years less a day Yes (s.718.3(7))
Making Child Pornography
November 1, 2005 to August 9, 2012
s. 163.1(4.1) 6 months / 90 days 18 months Yes (s.718.3(7))
Distribution of Child Pornography
August 9, 2012 to July 17, 2015
s. 163.1(4.1) 12 months / 6 months two years less a day Yes (s.718.3(7))
Distribution of Child Pornography
November 1, 2005 to August 9, 2012
s. 163.1(4.1) 6 months / 90 days 18 months Yes (s.718.3(7))
Luring a child
August 9, 2012 to July 17, 2015
s. 172.1(2) 1 year / 90 days 18 months Yes (s.718.3(7))
Luring a child
June 22, 2007 to August 9, 2012
s. 172.1(2) None 18 months Yes (s.718.3(7))
Criminal Harassment s. 264(3) None summary conviction No
Assault with a Weapon s. 267(a) None 18 months No
Assault Causing Bodily Harm s. 267(b) None 18 months No
Sexual Assault s. 271 None 18 months No
Sexual Assault - victim under 16 years
August 9, 2012 to July 17, 2015
s. 271 1 year / 90 days 18 months No
Kidnapping and Unlawful Confinement s. 279(2) None 18 months No
Abduction in contravention of custody order s. 282(1) None summary conviction No
Abduction s. 283(1) None summary conviction No
Theft, forgery of credit card s. 342(1) None summary conviction No
Credit card data offence s. 342(3) None summary conviction No
Instruments for credit card fraud s. 342.01(1) None summary conviction No
Unauthorized use of computer s. 342.1(1) None summary conviction No
Break and enter of a non dwelling-house s. 348(1)(e) None summary conviction No
Unlawfully in a dwelling-house s. 349(1) None summary conviction No
Utter forged document s. 368(1) None summary conviction No
Personation with intent / Identity fraud s. 403 None summary conviction No
Mischief over $5000 or involving testament s. 430(3) None summary conviction No
Mischief to cultural property s. 430(4.2) None summary conviction No
Mischief to data s. 430(5) None summary conviction No
Laundering proceeds of crime s. 462.31(2) None summary conviction No

Maximum Penalty of 5 Years Imprisonment by Indictment

Offence Section Minimums Summary Election Consecutive Time
Possession of Child Pornography
August 9, 2012 to July 17, 2015
s. 163.1(4) 6 months / 90 days 18 months Yes (s.718.3(7))
Possession of Child Pornography
November 1, 2005 to August 9, 2012
s. 163.1(4) 45 days / 14 days 18 months Yes (s.718.3(7))
Accessing of Child Pornography
August 9, 2012 to July 17, 2015
s. 163.1(4.1) 6 months / 90 days 18 months Yes (s.718.3(7))
Accessing of Child Pornography
November 1, 2005 to August 9, 2012
s. 163.1(4.1) 45 days / 14 days 18 months Yes (s.718.3(7))
Impaired operation, over .08 or refusal s. 255(1)(a) $1,000, 30 days, or 120 days 18 months No
Procuring Identity Documents s. 56.1 None summary conviction No
Unsafe Storage of a Firearm - on second or more convictions s. 86(1), (2) None summary conviction No
Careless use of firearm - on second or more conviction s. 86(3) None summary conviction No
Voyeurism s. 162 None summary conviction No
Hoax re terrorist activity (no bodily harm or death) s. 83.231(2) None summary conviction No
Pointing a firearm s. 87(2) None summary conviction No
Carrying concealed weapon s. 90(2) None summary conviction No
Unauthorized possession of firearm s. 91(3) None summary conviction No
Possession of weapon at unauthorized place s. 93(2) None summary conviction No
Transfer of firearm without authority s. 101(2) None summary conviction No
Unauthorized importing or exporting firearms s. 104(2) None summary conviction No
Offences re lost, destroyed, defaced weapons s. 105(2) None summary conviction No
Destruction of weapons offences re report s. 106(2) None summary conviction No
False statements respecting firearms s. 107(2) None summary conviction No
Tampering with firearm serial number s. 108(2) None summary conviction No
Personation of peace officer s. 130 None summary conviction No
Public mischief s. 140(2) None summary conviction No
Voyeurism s. 162(5) None summary conviction No
Dangerous operation of motor vehicle s. 249(2) None summary conviction No
Flight from a Peace Officer - no bodily harm or death s. 249.1(1) None summary conviction No
Dangerous driving (street racing) - no bodily harm or death s. 249.4(2) None summary conviction No
Failure to stop at scene of accident s. 252(1.1) None summary conviction No
Operate motor vehicle while disqualified s. 259(4) None summary conviction No
Assault s. 266 None summary conviction No
Assaulting a peace officer s. 270(2) None summary conviction No
Removal of child from Canada s. 273.3(2) None summary conviction No
Passing on insider information s. 382.1(2) None summary conviction No
Offences re military stores s. 420(1) None summary conviction No
Criminal breach of contract s. 422(1)(f) and (g) None summary conviction No
Intimidation s. 423(1) None summary conviction No
Threats and retaliation vs employees re union work s. 425.1(2) None summary conviction No
Mischief in special circumstances re danger to life, or to data or property s. 430(5.1) None summary conviction No
Unauthorized recording of a movie (for profit) s. 432(2) None summary conviction No
Sexual exploitation of persons with disability s. 153.1(1) None 18 months No
Failure to provide necessaries of life s. 215(3) None 18 months No
Abandoning child s. 218 None 18 months No
Impaired operation s. 255(1) $1,000, 30 days or 120 days 18 months No
Utter threats to cause death or bodily harm s. 264.1(2) None 18 months No
Disarming a peace officer s. 270.1 None 18 months No
Criminal interest rate s. 347(1) None summary conviction ($25,000 and/or 6 months) No
Injuring or endangering cattle s. 444(2) None $10,000 and/or 18 months No
Injuring or endangering other animals s. 445(2) None $10,000 and/or 18 months No
Cruelty to animals s. 445.1(2) None $10,000 and/or 18 months No
Keeping cockpit s. 447(2) None $10,000 and/or 18 months No

Maximum Penalty of 4 Years Imprisonment by Indictment

Offence Section Minimums Summary Election Consecutive Time
Breach of s. 161 prohibition order s. 161(4) None 18 months No

Maximum Penalty of 2 Years Imprisonment by Indictment

Offence Section Minimums Summary Election Consecutive Time
Breach of SOIRA order s. 490.031(1) None $10,000 and/or 6 months No
Breach of SOIRA order (false or misleading information) s. 490.0311(a) None $10,000 and/or 6 months No
Unsafe Storage of a Firearm - on first conviction s. 86(1),(2) None summary conviction No
False information respecting passport s. 57(2) None summary conviction No
Forcible entry or forcible detainer s. 73, 74 None summary conviction No
Disobey order of Court s. 127(1) None summary conviction No
Offences relating to public or peace officers s. 129 None summary conviction No
Obstruct justice (aggravating elements of s. 139(2) not being made out) s. 139(1) None summary conviction No
Escape and being unlawfully at large s. 145(1) None summary conviction No
Failure to attend court s. 145(2) None summary conviction No
Failure to comply with undertaking s. 145(3) None summary conviction No
Failure to comply with summons s. 145(4) None summary conviction No
Failure to comply with promise to appear s. 145(5) None summary conviction No
Failure to comply with undertaking s. 145(5.1) None summary conviction No
Breach of s. 161 prohibition order s. 161(4) None 18 months No
Corrupting morals s. 163 and s. 169 None summary conviction No
Tied sale s. 165 and s. 169 None summary conviction No
Immoral theatrical performance s. 167 and s. 169 None summary conviction No
Mailing obscene matter s. 168 and s. 169 None summary conviction No
Indecent act s. 173(1) None summary conviction No
Indecent exposure s. 173(2) 90 days / 30 days summary conviction No
Offences involving management of permitted lottery scheme s. 207(3)(a) None summary conviction No
Offences involving management of permitted lottery scheme (on ship) s. 207.1(3)(a) None summary conviction No
Utter threats to destroy property or animals s. 264.1(3) None summary conviction No
Public incitement of hatred s. 319(1) None summary conviction No
Public incitement of hatred s. 319(2) None summary conviction No
Theft under $5,000 or not of testamentary instrument s. 334(b) None summary conviction No
Possession of device to obtain computer service s. 342.2(1) None summary conviction No
Possession of stolen goods under $5,000 and not of testamentary instrument s. 355(b) None summary conviction No
False pretence not over $5,000 and not involving a testamentary instrument s. 362(2)(b) None summary conviction No
Indecent phone call s. 372(2) None summary conviction No
Harassing telephone call s. 372(3) None summary conviction No
Fraud under $5,000 and not involving a testamentary instrument s. 380(1)(b) None summary conviction No
Forging a trade mark to deceive or defraud s. 407 and 412(1) None summary conviction No
Passing off wares or trademarks to deceive or defraud s. 408 and 412(1) None summary conviction No
Possession of instruments for forging trade marks s. 409 and 412(1) None summary conviction No
Other offences in relation to trade marks s. 410 and 412(1) None summary conviction No
Used goods sold without disclosure s. 411 and 412(1) None summary conviction No
Offences respecting wrecks s. 415(f) and (g) None summary conviction No
Receiving or possessing public stores bearing mark s. 417(2) None summary conviction No
Mischief under $5,000 s. 430(3) None summary conviction No
Mischief under $5000 and not involving testament s. 430(4) None summary conviction No
Unauthorized recording of a movie (not for profit) s. 432(1) None summary conviction No
False alarm of fire s. 437 None summary conviction No
Causing damage or injury to animals s. 446(2) None $5,000/6 Months No
Failure to comply with DNA order s. 487.0552(1) None summary conviction No
Breach of limited use order of DNA re s. 487.08(1.1) s. 487.08(4) None summary conviction No
Breach of Probation s. 733.1 None 18 months and/or $5,000 No

Maximum Penalty of 18 Months Imprisonment on Summary Election

Offence Section Minimums Consecutive Time
Uttering Threats s. 264.1 None No
Assault with a Weapon s. 267 None No
Assault Causing Bodily Harm s. 267 None No
Disarming a peace officer s. 270.1 None No
Sexual Assault s. 271 None (victim is age 16 or older ) No
Kidnapping and Unlawful Confinement s. 279(2) None No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule III) CDSA 5 None No
Breach of probation s. 733.1(1) None No
Failure to provide necessaries of life s. 215(3) None No
Abandoning child s. 218 None No
Impaired operation - no aggravating factors s. 255(1) None No
Hoax re terrorist activity (bodily harm not death) s. 83.231(3) None No
Assault with a weapon or causing bodily harm s. 267 None No
Unlawfully cause bodily harm s. 269 None No (10 years by indictment)
Sexual assault s. 271(1) None No
Unlawful confinement, imprisonment, seizure s. 279(2) None No
Mischief to religious building etc s. 430(4.1) None No

Maximum Penalty of 12 Months Imprisonment on Summary Election

Offence Section Minimums Consecutive Time
Importing or exporting instruments or literature for illicit drug use (second or subsequent offence) s. 462.2(b) None No
Importing or exporting instruments or literature for illicit drug use (second or subsequent offence) s. 462.2(b) None No
Injuring or endangering cattle s. 444(2) None No
Injuring or endangering other animals s. 445(2) None No
Cruelty to animals s. 445.1(2) None No
Keeping cockpit s. 447(2) None No

Maximum Penalty of 6 Months Imprisonment on Summary Election

Offence Section Minimums Consecutive Time
Hoax re terrorist activity (no bodily harm or death) s. 83.231(2) None No
Unsafe Storage of a Firearm s. 86 None No
Pointing a Firearm s. 87(2) None No
Possession of Unauthorized Firearm s. 92 1 year (if one prior); 2 years (if two or more prior) No
Carrying concealed weapon s. 90(2) None No
Unauthorized possession of firearm s. 91(3) None No
Possession of weapon at unauthorized place s. 93(2) None No
Public Mischief s. 140 None No
Voyeurism s. 162(5) None No
Criminal Harassment s. 264 None No
Common Assault s. 266 None No
Flight from a Peace Officer s. 249.1 None No
Public Incitement of Hatred s. 319 None No
Theft Under $5,000 s. 334 None No
Possession Under $5,000 s. 355 None No
Fraud Under $5,000 s. 380 None No
Intimidation s. 423 None No
Mischief under $5,000 s. 430 None No
Abduction in contravention of custody order s. 282(1) None No
Abduction s. 283(1) None No
Credit card data offence s. 342(4) None No
Instruments for credit card fraud s. 342.01(1) None No
Unauthorized use of computer s. 342.1(1) None No
Possession of device to obtain computer service s. 342.2(1) None No
Break and enter of a non dwelling-house s. 348(1)(e) None No
Unlawfully in a dwelling-house s. 349(1) None No
Utter forged document s. 368(1) None No
Personation with intent s. 403 None No
Mischief over $5000 or involving testament s. 430(3) None No
Mischief to cultural property s. 430(4.2) None No
Mischief to data s. 430(5) None No
Laundering proceeds of crime s. 462.31(2) None No
Transfer of firearm without authority s. 101(2) None No
Unauthorized importing or exporting firearms s. 104(2) None No
Offences re lost, destroyed, defaced weapons s. 105(2) None No
Destruction of weapons offences re report s. 106(2) None No
False statements respecting firearms s. 107(2) None No
Tampering with firearm serial number s. 108(2) None No
Public mischief s. 140(2) None No
Dangerous operation of motor vehicle s. 249(2) None No
Flight from police s. 249.1(2) None No
Dangerous driving (street racing) s. 249.4(2) None No
Failure to stop at scene of accident s. 252(1.1) None No
Operate motor vehicle while disqualified s. 259(4) None No
Assault s. 266 None No
Assaulting a peace officer s. 270(2) None No
Removal of child from Canada s. 273.3(2) None No
Passing on insider information s. 382.1(2) None No
Offences re military store s. 420(1) None No
Criminal breach of trust s. 422(1)(f) and (g) None No
Intimidation s. 423(1) None No
Threats and retaliation vs employees re union work s. 425.1(2) None No
Mischief in special circumstances re danger to life, or to data or property s. 430(5.1) None No
Unauthorized recording of a movie (for profit) s. 432(2) None No
False information respecting passport s. 57(2) None No
Forcible entry or forcible detainer s. 73 None No
Disobey order of Court s. 127(1) None No
Offences relating to public or peace officers s. 129 None No
Obstruct justice (aggravating elements of s. 139(2) not being made out) s. 139(1) None No
Escape and being unlawfully at large s. 145(1) None No
Failure to attend court s. 145(2) None No
Failure to comply with undertaking s. 145(3) None No
Failure to comply with summons s. 145(4) None No
Failure to comply with promise to appear s. 145(5) None No
Failure to comply with undertaking s. 145(5.1) None No
Breach of s. 161 prohibition order s. 161(4) None No
Corrupting morals s. 163 and s. 169 None No
Tied sale s. 165 and s. 169 None No
Immoral theatrical performance s. 167 and s. 169 None No
Mailing obscene matter s. 168 and s. 169 None No
Offences involving management of permitted lottery scheme s. 207(3)(a) None No
Offences involving management of permitted lottery scheme (on ship) s. 207.1(3)(a) None No
Utter threats to destroy property or animals s. 264.1(3) None No
Public incitement of hatred s. 319(1) None No
Public incitement of hatred s. 319(2) None No
Theft under $5,000 or not of testamentary instrument s. 334(b) None No
Theft, forgery of credit card s. 342(1) None No
Possession of stolen goods under $5,000 and not of testamentary instrument s. 355(b) None No
False pretence not over $5,000 and not involving a testamentary instrument s. 362(2)(b) None No
Fraud under $5,000 and not involving a testamentary instrument s. 380(1)(b) None No
Forging a trade mark to deceive or defraud s. 407 and 412(1) None No
Passing off wares or trademarks to deceive or defraud s. 408 and 412(1) None No
Possession of instruments for forging trade marks s. 409 and 412(1) None No
Other offences in relation to trade marks s. 410 and 412(1) None No
Used goods sold without disclosure s. 411 and 412(1) None No
Offences respecting wrecks s. 415(f) and (g) None No
Receiving or possessing public stores bearing mark s. 417(2) None No
Mischief under $5000 and not involving testament s. 430(4) None No
Unauthorized recording of a movie (not for profit) s. 432(1) None No
False alarm of fire s. 437 None No
Failure to comply with DNA order s. 487.0552(1) None No
Breach of limited use order of DNA re s. 487.08(1.1) s. 476.08(4) None No