List of Straight Indictable Offences

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See also: Offences by Penalty, List of Hybrid Offences, and List of Summary Conviction Offences

Minimum Punishment is Imprisonment for Life

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
First Degree Murder s. 235 25 years without parole No
High treason s. 47 10 years without parole No
Second Degree Murder s. 235 10 years without parole No

Maximum Punishment of Imprisonment for Life

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
Committing an Offence for a Terrorist Group s. 83.2 and s. 83.26 None Yes
Instructing activity for terrorist group s. 83.21(1) and s. 83.26 None Yes
Instructing terrorist activity s. 83.22(1) and s. 83.26 None Yes
Instructing commission of offence for criminal organization s. 467.13(1) and s. 467.14 None Yes
Attempted Murder (with restricted or prohibited firearm) s. 239(1)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Aggravated sexual assault with restricted firearm or for a criminal organization s. 273(2)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Kidnapping, trafficking in persons, hostage taking and abduction with restricted firearm etc or for a criminal organization s. 279(1.1)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Hostage taking with restricted firearm or for benefit of criminal organization s. 279.1(2)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Robbery with restricted firearm or for benefit of criminal organization s. 344(1)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Extortion (with restricted firearm or for the benefit of a criminal organization) s. 346(1.1)(a)(i) and (i) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Causing death by criminal negligence (involving the use of a firearm) s. 220(a) 4 years No
Manslaughter (involving use of a firearm) s. 236(a) 4 years No
Attempt to commit murder (use of a firearm which is not a restricted or prohibited firearm) s. 239(1)(a.1) 4 years No
Aggravated sexual assault with a non restricted firearm s. 273(2)(a.1) 4 years No
Kidnapping, trafficking in persons, hostage taking and abduction with a non-restricted firearm s. 279(1.1)(a.1) 4 years No
Hostage taking with a non-restricted firearm 279.1(2)(a.1) 4 years No
Robbery with non restricted firearm 344(1)(a.1) 4 years No
Extortion (with non restricted firearm) 346(1.1)(a.1) 4 years No
Treason s. 47(2)(a), s. 47(2)(b) None No
Interfering with reading of riot proclamation or refusing to cease participation in riot s. 68 None No
Piracy s. 74 None No
Hijacking s. 76 None No
Endangering safety of aircraft or airport s. 77 None No
Seizing control of ship or fixed platform s. 78.1(1) None No
Violent act on board a shop or platform s. 78.1(2) None No
False information re safe navigation s. 78.1(3) None No
Threats to commit offences at s. 78.1(2) s. 78.1(4) None No
Breach of duty of care re explosives endangering life s. 80(a) None No
Use of explosive likely to cause death or serious harm s. 81(2)(a) None No
Hoax re terrorist activity (causing death) s. 83.231(4) None No
Break and enter to steal firearm s. 98(4) None No
Robbery to steal firearm s. 98.1 None No
Prison Breach s. 144 None No
Negligence causing death (no firearm) s. 220(b) None No
Manslaughter (not involving use of a firearm) s. 236(b) None No
Killing unborn child in act of birth s. 238 None No
Attempt to commit murder (no use of a firearm) s. 239(1)(b) None No
Accessory after fact to murder s. 240 None No
Overcoming resistance to commission of offence s. 246 None No
Keep trap and cause death in place to commit offence s. 247(5) None No
Interfere with transportation likely to cause death s. 248 None No
Flight from police cause death s. 249.1(4)(b) None No
Cause death by criminal negligence (street racing) s. 249.2 None No
Cause death by dangerous driving (street racing) s. 249.4(4) None No
Failure to stop at scene of accident (victim dead or reckless as to death) s. 252(1.3) None No
Impaired driving causing death s. 255(3) None No
Blood alcohol level over .08 and death s. 255(3.1) None No
Fail to provide breath sample and death s. 255(3.2) None No
Aggravated sexual assault without a firearm s. 273(2)(b)) None No
Kidnapping, trafficking in persons, hostage taking and abduction without a firearm s. 279(1.1)(b) None No
Trafficking in persons (aggravated assault or death) s. 279.01(1)(a) None No
Hostage taking (without aggravating elements) s. 279.1(2)(b) None No
Abortion s. 287(1) None No
Robbery 344 None No
Stopping mail with intent to obtain s. 345 None No
Extortion (no firearm or other aggravating facts) s. 346(1.1)(b) None No
Break and Enter into a Dwelling House s. 348(1)(d) None No
Mischief causing actual danger to life s. 430(2) None No
Explosives offence re public or government facility s. 431.2(2) None No
Arson (disregard for human life) 433 None No
Conspiracy to commit murder s. 465(1)(a) None No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule I) CDSA 5 None No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule II) CDSA 5 None No

Maximum Punishment is Imprisonment for 14 Years

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
Use of Firearm in Commission of an Offence s. 85 One year or three years (with priors) Yes
Facilitating terrorist activity s. 83.19(1) and s. 83.26 No Yes
Commission of offence for criminal organization s. 467.12(1) and 467.14 No Yes
Discharging firearms with intent to wound (with aggravated factors) s. 244(2)(a)(i) and (ii) Minimum of 5 or 7 years with prior No
Sexual Assault Sexual assault with restricted firearm etc weapon, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm s. 272(2)(a) Minimum of 5 or 7 years with prior No
Procuring involving person under 18 (with parasitic involvement) s. 212(2.1) 5 years jail No
Discharging firearms with intent to wound, maim, etc. s. 244(2)(a)(i) and (ii) 4 years jail No
Sexual assault with a firearm that is not restricted, etc, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm s. 272(2)(a.1) 4 years jail No
Living on the avails of prostitution of person under eighteen (no parasitic involvement) s. 212 2 years jail No
Using firearm in commission of offence s. 85 1 year or less jail No
Sexual interference s. 151 1 year or less jail No
Invitation to sexual touching s. 152 1 year or less jail No
Making of child pornography 163.1(2) 1 year or less jail Yes (s. 718.3(7))
Distribution child pornography 163.1(3) 1 year or less jail Yes (s.718.3(7))
Treason s. 47(2)(c) None No
Alarm Her Majesty s. 49(a) and s. 49(b) None No
Assist alien enemy s. 50(1)(a) and s. 50(2) None No
Omission to prevent treason s. 50(1)(b) and s. 50(2) None No
Intimidating Parliament s. 51 None No
Inciting to mutiny s. 53 None No
Forgery of or uttering forged passport s. 57 None No
Sedition s. 61 None No
Piratical acts s. 75 None No
Offensive weapons and explosives on aircraft s. 78 None No
Breach of duty of care re explosives risking bodily harm s. 80(a) None No
Possession of explosive likely to cause death or serious harm s. 81(2)(b) None No
Possession of explosive for criminal organization s. 82(2) None No
Bribery of judicial officers s. 119(1) None No
Bribery of officers s. 120 None No
Perjury s. 131 None No
Fabricating s. 137 None No
Aggravated Assault s. 268 None No
Fraud Over $5,000 s. 380 2 years jail (over $1 mill.) No
Incest s. 155 None No
Parent or guardian procuring sexual activity under 16 s. 170 1 year Yes
Householder permitting sexual activity under 16 s. 171 1 year Yes
Administering noxious thing s. 245 None No
Dangerous operation of a motor vehicle causing death s. 249 None No
Sexual assault with a weapon (no aggravating elements) s. 272(2)(b) None No
Sexual assault causing bodily harm (no aggravating elements) s. 272(2)(b) None No
Breach of trust 336 None No
Intimidation of a justice system participant s. 423.1 None No
Arson — damage to property s. 434 None No
Counterfeiting None No
Witness giving contradictory evidence s. 136(1) None No
Counselling suicide s. 241 None No
Causing bodily harm with air gun with intent s. 244.1 None No
Administer noxious thing with intent to endanger life s. 245(a) None No
Keep trap and cause bodily harm in place to commit offence s. 247(4) None No
Dangerous operation of motor vehicle cause death s. 249(4) None No
Flight from police cause bodily harm s. 249.1(3)(b) None No
Cause bodily harm by criminal negligence (street racing) s. 249.2) None No
Cause bodily harm by dangerous driving (street racing) s. 249.4(3) None No
Torture s. 269.1 None No
Sexual assault with weapon that is not a firearm, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm s. 272(2)(b) None No
Trafficking in persons (without aggravated facts) s. 279.01(2) None No
Public servant refusing to deliver property s. 337 None No
Offence involving exchequer bill paper, public seal s. 369 None No
Drawing document without authority s. 374 None No
Obtaining instrument based on forged document s. 375 None No
Counterfeiting stamp s. 376(1) None No
Counterfeiting mark s. 376(2) None No
Fraud over $5,000 or involving a testamentary instrument s. 380(1)(a) None No
Fraud affecting public markets of stocks, etc. s. 380(2) None No
Sale of defective stores to Her Majesty s. 418(1) None No
Participation in fraud re sale of defective stores s. 418(2) None No
Attack on premises, residence or transport of internationally protected person s. 431 None No
Attack on premises, residence or transport of U.N. or associated personnel s. 431.1 None No
Arson causing damage to property (w/out disregard for life as in s. 433) s. 434 None No
Arson causing damage to own property (w disregard for life as in s. 433) s. 434.1 None No
Counterfeiting s. 449 None No
Possession of counterfeit money s. 450 None No
Utter counterfeit money s. 452 None No
Clip or utter coin s. 455 None No
Possession of materials for counterfeiting s. 458 None No
Conveying instruments for counterfeiting from mint s. 459 None No
Attempt or accessory to indictable offence punishable by life imprisonment s. 463(a) None No

Maximum Punishment of 10 Years

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
Provide or collect property to further terrorism s. 83.02 and s. 83.26 None Yes
Provide property or services to further terrorism s. 83.03 and s. 83.26 None Yes
Use or possession of property to further terrorism s. 83.04 and s. 83.26 None Yes
Participation in terrorist activity s. 83.18 and s. 83.26 None Yes
Harbouring or concealing terrorist s. 83.23 and s. 83.26 None Yes
Possession of unauthorized firearm s. 92(3)(c) 2 years less a day jail with priors No
Possession of unauthorized firearm s. 92(3)(b) 1 year jail with prior No
Weapons Trafficking (every aggravating element made out) s. 99(2)(a) and s. 99(2)(b) 3 or 5 years jail with prior No
Possession for purpose of weapons trafficking (every aggravating element made out) s. 100(2)(a) and s. 100(2)(b) 3 or 5 years jail with prior No
Importing or exporting unauthorized firearm (w/out aggravating factors) s. 103(2.1) 1 year jail No
Export or import of unauthorized firearms (every aggravating element made out) s. 103(2)(a) and s. 100(2)(b) 3 or 5 years jail with prior No
Impaired Driving and Over 80 Causing Bodily Harm s. 255(2), (2.1), (2.2) 30 days, 120 days with prior No
Parent or guardian procuring sexual activity under 16 s. 170(a) 1 year jail No
Weapons trafficking (w/out aggravating factors) s. 99(3) 1 year jail No
Sabotage s. 52(1) None No
Possession of Unauthorized Firearm - on first conviction s. 92 None No
Obstruct justice with elements of aggravation s. 139(2) None No
Procuring s. 212(1) None No
Criminal negligence causing bodily harm s. 221 None No
Set trap and actually cause bodily harm s. 247(2) None No
Keep trap to cause bodily harm to commit offence s. 247(3) None No
Dangerous operation of motor vehicle cause bodily harm s. 249(3) None No
Failure to stop at scene of accident (bodily harm) s. 252(1.2) None No
Impaired driving cause bodily harm s. 255(2) None No
Blood alcohol over legal limit and bodily harm s. 255(2.1) None No
Failure to provide sample and bodily harm s. 255(2.2) None No
Impeding attempt to save life s. 262 None No
Aggravated assault s. 268(2) None No
Profiting from trafficking in persons s. 279.02 None No
Theft over $5,000 or testamentary instrument s. 334(a) None No
Theft of cattle s. 338(2) None No
Destroying documents of title s. 340 None No
Possession of break-in instruments s. 351 None No
Disguise with intent s. 351(2) None No
Possession of stolen goods over $5,000 or testamentary instrument s. 355(a) None No
Theft from mail s. 356(1) None No
Bring into Canada property obtained by crime s. 357 None No
False pretence over $5,000 or involving a testamentary instrument s. 362(2)(a) None No
Fraudulent manipulation of stock exchange deals s. 382 None No
Prohibited insider trading s. 382.1(1) None No
Offences in relation to mines s. 396(1) None No
False prospectus s. 400(1) None No
Threat against U.N. or associated personnel s. 424.1 None No
Arson for fraudulent purpose s. 435(1) None No
Interference with signal, buoy or sea-mark used for the purpose of navigation s. 439(2) None No
Conspiracy to prosecute an innocent person for an offence punishable by life or 14 years s. 465(1))(b)(i) None No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule III) CDSA 5 None No

Maximum Punishment of 7 years

Offence Section Minimums Consecutive Time
Attempt or accessory to indictable offence punishable by 14 years s. 463(b) varies varies
Fraudulent use of citizenship certificate s. 58(1) None No
Riot s. 65 None No
Peace officer’s neglect in riot situation s. 69 None No
Duelling s. 71 None No
Disobeying a statute where no other set sentence s. 126(1) None No
Misconduct by officers executing process s. 128 None No
False affidavits s. 138 None No
Compounding indictable offence s. 141(1) None No
Permitting or assisting escape s. 146 None No
Corrupting children s. 172(1) None No
Obstructing or violence to or arrest of officiating clergyman s. 176(1) None No
Common nuisance s. 180(1) None No
Spread false news s. 181 None No
Possession of equipment for wiretapping illegally s. 191(1) None No
Administering a Noxious Substance (with intent to aggrieve or annoy that person) s. 245(b) None No
Book-making s. 202(2)(b) and s. 202(2)(c) 14 or 90 days jail No
Placing bets for others s. 203(e) and s. 203(f) 14 or 90 days jail No
Householder permitting sexual activity under 18 but at least 16 s. 171(b) 14 or 90 days jail No

Maximum Punishment is Imprisonment for 5 Years

Offence Section Minimums Consecutive Time
Intercept of Private Communications s. 183 None No
Participation in activities of criminal organization s. 467.11(1) and 467.14 None Yes
Parent or guardian procuring sexual activity under 18 but at least 16 s. 170(b) 6 months jail No
Householder permitting sexual activity under 16 s. 171(a) 6 months jail No
Communicating with under 18 for prostitution s. 212(4) 6 months jail No
Offences respecting military stores s. 62 None No
Unlawful drilling s. 70 None No
Possession of explosive without lawful excuse s. 82(1) None No
Fraud on government s. 121(3) None No
Breach of trust by public officer s. 122 None No
Influencing municipal official s. 123(2) None No
Selling or purchasing office s. 124 None No
Influencing appointment in office s. 125 None No
Corruptly taking reward s. 142 None No
Rescue or permitting escape s. 147 None No
Aid prisoner of war to escape s. 148 None No
Indignity or neglect of dead body s. 182 None No
Interception of communication s. 184(1) None No
Interception of radio-based telephone communications s. 184.5(1) None No
Infanticide s. 237 None No
Neglect to obtain assistance and concealing birth s. 242 None No
Set trap likely to cause bodily harm s. 247(1)(a) None No
Unworthy vessel or aircraft s. 251(1) None No
Withholding or destroying documents in respect of human trafficking - victim 18 years and above s. 279.03 None No
Abduction of person under 16 s. 280(1) None No
Bigamy s. 291(1) None No
Procuring feigned marriage s. 292(1) None No
Polygamy s. 293(1) None No
Publishing defamatory libel knowing it to be false s. 300 None No
Extortion by libel s. 302 None No
Hate propaganda s. 318(1) None No
Fraud respecting cattle s. 338(1) None No
Drift timber fraud s. 339(1) None No
Obtaining execution of valuable security by fraud s. 363 None No
Offence involving counterfeit proclamation by Government s. 370 None No
Telegram in false name s. 371 None No
Damaging documents s. 377(1) None No
Offences in relation to registers s. 378 None No
Gaming in stock or merchandise s. 383(1) None No
reducing stock by selling for own account s. 384 None No
Fraudulent registration of title s. 386 None No
Fraud in relation to valuable minerals by holder of lease or licence s. 394(1) None No
Sale of valuable mineral save by lawful authority s. 394(2) None No
Purchase of valuable mineral save from owner s. 394(3) None No
Possession of stolen or fraudulently obtained valuable minerals s. 394.1(3) None No
Falsification of books and documents s. 397(1) None No
Participation in falsification of books and docs s. 397(2) None No
False return by public officer s. 399 None No
Acknowledging instrument in false name s. 405 None No
Threat against an internationally protected person s. 424 None No
Secret commission s. 426(3) None No
Arson by negligence s. 436(1) None No
Possession of incendiary materials s. 436.1 None No
Interference with saving of wrecked vessel s. 438(1) None No
Occupant injuring building s. 441 None No
Interfere with international boundary line s. 443(1) None No
Having clippings for gold without justification s. 451 None No
Advertising and dealing in counterfeit money s. 460(1) None No
Conspiracy to prosecute an innocent person for an offence punishable by less than 14 years s. 465(1)(b)(ii) None No

Maximum Punishment is Imprisonment for 2 Years

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
Possession of forged passport s. 57(3) None No
Disclosure of information from wiretap s. 193(1) None No
Disclosure of information from wiretap s. 193.1(1) None No
Keeping gaming or betting house s. 201(1) None No
Book-making (if no prior offences) s. 202(2)(a) None No
Placing bets for others (if no prior offences) s. 203(d) None No
Lotteries Offences respecting lotteries s. 206(1) None No
Cheating at play s. 209 None No
Keeping common bawdy-house s. 210(1) None No
Concealing body of child s. 243 None No
Administer noxious thing (no intent to endanger life) s. 245(b) None No
Female person aborting pregnancy s. 287(2) None No
Supplying noxious thing to produce miscarriage s. 288 None No
Unlawful solemnization of marriage s. 294 None No
Celebrating marriage contrary to law s. 295 None No
Blasphemous libel s. 296(1) None No
Publishing defamatory libel (not aggravating as s. 300) s. 301 None No
Possess device to obtain telecommunication service s. 327(1) None No
Fraudulent concealment s. 341 None No
Possession of instruments to break into coin machines s. 352 None No
Sale of automobile master key s. 353(1) None No
False message s. 372(1) None No
Using mails to defraud s. 381 None No
Fraudulent concealment of title documents s. 385(1) None No
Fraudulent sale of real property s. 387 None No
Misleading receipt s. 388 None No
Fraudulent disposal of goods on which $ advanced s. 389(1) None No
Fraudulent receipts under Bank Act s. 390 None No
Disposal of property to defraud creditors s. 392 None No
Fraud in relation to fares s. 393(1) None No
Offering advantage to avoid paying fare s. 393(2) None No
Trader failing to keep accounts s. 402(1) None No
Applying or removing marks without authority s. 417(1) None No
Remove natural bar without permission s. 440 None No
Utter counterfeit coin s. 453 None No