Preservation Demands and Orders

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General Principles

Preservation Demand

Preservation demand
487.012 (1) A peace officer or public officer may make a demand to a person in Form 5.001 requiring them to preserve computer data that is in their possession or control when the demand is made.
Conditions for making demand
(2) The peace officer or public officer may make the demand only if they have reasonable grounds to suspect that

(a) an offence has been or will be committed under this or any other Act of Parliament or has been committed under a law of a foreign state;
(b) in the case of an offence committed under a law of a foreign state, an investigation is being conducted by a person or authority with responsibility in that state for the investigation of such offences; and
(c) the computer data is in the person’s possession or control and will assist in the investigation of the offence.

Limitation
(3) A demand may not be made to a person who is under investigation for the offence referred to in paragraph (2)(a).
Expiry and revocation of demand
(4) A peace officer or public officer may revoke the demand by notice given to the person at any time. Unless the demand is revoked earlier, the demand expires

(a) in the case of an offence that has been or will be committed under this or any other Act of Parliament, 21 days after the day on which it is made; and
(b) in the case of an offence committed under a law of a foreign state, 90 days after the day on which it is made.

Conditions in demand
(5) The peace officer or public officer who makes the demand may impose any conditions in the demand that they consider appropriate — including conditions prohibiting the disclosure of its existence or some or all of its contents — and may revoke a condition at any time by notice given to the person.
No further demand
(6) A peace officer or public officer may not make another demand requiring the person to preserve the same computer data in connection with the investigation.
2004, c. 3, s. 7; 2014, c. 31, s. 20.


CCC

Preservation Orders

Preservation order — computer data
487.013 (1) On ex parte application made by a peace officer or public officer, a justice or judge may order a person to preserve computer data that is in their possession or control when they receive the order.
Conditions for making order
(2) Before making the order, the justice or judge must be satisfied by information on oath in Form 5.002

(a) that there are reasonable grounds to suspect that an offence has been or will be committed under this or any other Act of Parliament or has been committed under a law of a foreign state, that the computer data is in the person’s possession or control and that it will assist in the investigation of the offence; and
(b) that a peace officer or public officer intends to apply or has applied for a warrant or an order in connection with the investigation to obtain a document that contains the computer data.

Offence against law of foreign state
(3) If an offence has been committed under a law of a foreign state, the justice or judge must also be satisfied that a person or authority with responsibility in that state for the investigation of such offences is conducting the investigation.
Form
(4) The order is to be in Form 5.003.
Limitation
(5) A person who is under investigation for an offence referred to in paragraph (2)(a) may not be made subject to an order.
Expiry of order
(6) Unless the order is revoked earlier, it expires 90 days after the day on which it is made.
2004, c. 3, s. 7; 2014, c. 31, s. 20.


CCC

See Also