Remand Assessment for LTO/DO Applications

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General Principles

The starting point for determining if an offender can be designated an LTO or DO is to have the offender psychologically assessed.

Notice

See also: Serious Personal Injury Offences

The Crown must notify the sentencing judge of its intention to request an assessment under s. 752.1(1).

Prosecutor’s duty to advise court
752.01 If the prosecutor is of the opinion that an offence for which an offender is convicted is a serious personal injury offence that is a designated offence and that the offender was convicted previously at least twice of a designated offence and was sentenced to at least two years of imprisonment for each of those convictions, the prosecutor shall advise the court, as soon as feasible after the finding of guilt and in any event before sentence is imposed, whether the prosecutor intends to make an application under subsection 752.1(1).
2008, c. 6, s. 41.


CCC

This obligation is invoked where the prosecutor has the opinion that:

  1. the index offence is a serious personal injury offence;
  2. the index offence designated offence under s. 752;
  3. the accused has at least two previous convictions for designated offences under s. 752; and
  4. the prior sentences for the designated offences was at least 2 years incarceration.

This section does not impose further requirements upon the Crown before it can request an assessment under s. 752.1. Where the criteria have not been met, such as presence of the prior convictions, the Crown may still seek the assessment.[1]

  1. R v Keepness, 2010 SKQB 118 (CanLII) at para 15, 16, appealed on other grounds at 2010 SKCA 69
    R v Hopley, 2012 BCSC 1329 (CanLII) at para 124

Application

Once the accused is convicted of either (1) a serious personal injury offence; or (2) an offence under s. 753.(2)(a), the Crown may apply for an assessment order under s. 752.1(1) as long as it is before the sentence is passed.

Application for remand for assessment
752.1 (1) On application by the prosecutor, if the court is of the opinion that there are reasonable grounds to believe that an offender who is convicted of a serious personal injury offence or an offence referred to in paragraph 753.1(2)(a) might be found to be a dangerous offender under section 753 or a long-term offender under section 753.1, the court shall, by order in writing, before sentence is imposed, remand the offender, for a period not exceeding 60 days, to the custody of a person designated by the court who can perform an assessment or have an assessment performed by experts for use as evidence in an application under section 753 or 753.1.
Report
(2) The person to whom the offender is remanded shall file a report of the assessment with the court not later than 30 days after the end of the assessment period and make copies of it available to the prosecutor and counsel for the offender.
Extension of time
(3) On application by the prosecutor, the court may extend the period within which the report must be filed by a maximum of 30 days if the court is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to do so.
1997, c. 17, s. 4; 2008, c. 6, s. 41.


CCC

Where the court has "reasonable grounds" to believe that the accused might be found to be a DO or LTO, it may remand the accused for up to 60 days to be assessed. A report must be filed no more than 30 days after the period of assessment.

It is not necessary that there be consent of the Attorney General for the assessment to be ordered.[1]

  1. R v Haug, 2008 SKCA 23 (CanLII) at para 60 to 61

Timing

Generally, an assessment must be made before sentencing. However, when dealing with a DO application the assessment may still be sought under s. 753(3):

753
...
Application for remand for assessment after imposition of sentence
(3) Notwithstanding subsection 752.1(1), an application under that subsection may be made after the imposition of sentence or after an offender begins to serve the sentence in a case to which paragraphs (2)(a) and (b) apply.
R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 753; 1997, c. 17, s. 4; 2008, c. 6, s. 42.


CCC

Post-Designation Convictions

Where an offender who has been designated a DO is convicted of a SPIO offence or an offence under s. 753.1(1), the court shall order a remand assessment on request of the Crown.

Application for remand for assessment — later conviction
753.01 (1) If an offender who is found to be a dangerous offender is later convicted of a serious personal injury offence or an offence under subsection 753.3(1), on application by the prosecutor, the court shall, by order in writing, before sentence is imposed, remand the offender, for a period not exceeding 60 days, to the custody of a person designated by the court who can perform an assessment or have an assessment performed by experts for use as evidence in an application under subsection (4).
Report
(2) The person to whom the offender is remanded shall file a report of the assessment with the court not later than 30 days after the end of the assessment period and make copies of it available to the prosecutor and counsel for the offender.
Extension of time
(3) On application by the prosecutor, the court may extend the period within which the report must be filed by a maximum of 30 days if the court is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds to do so.
Application for new sentence or order
(4) After the report is filed, the prosecutor may apply for a sentence of detention in a penitentiary for an indeterminate period, or for an order that the offender be subject to a new period of long-term supervision in addition to any other sentence that may be imposed for the offence.
Sentence of indeterminate detention
(5) If the application is for a sentence of detention in a penitentiary for an indeterminate period, the court shall impose that sentence unless it is satisfied by the evidence adduced during the hearing of the application that there is a reasonable expectation that a sentence for the offence for which the offender has been convicted — with or without a new period of long-term supervision — will adequately protect the public against the commission by the offender of murder or a serious personal injury offence.
New long-term supervision
(6) If the application is for a new period of long-term supervision, the court shall order that the offender be subject to a new period of long-term supervision in addition to a sentence for the offence for which they have been convicted unless it is satisfied by the evidence adduced during the hearing of the application that there is a reasonable expectation that the sentence alone will adequately protect the public against the commission by the offender of murder or a serious personal injury offence.
2008, c. 6, s. 43.


CCC

See Also