Remote Attendance of Accused

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General Principles

See also: Remote Attendance of Counsel or Other Participants

650
[omitted (1)]

Video links

(1.1) If the court so orders, and if the prosecutor and the accused so agree, the accused may appear by counsel or by closed-circuit television or videoconference, for any part of the trial other than a part in which the evidence of a witness is taken.

Video links

(1.2) If the court so orders, an accused who is confined in prison may appear by closed-circuit television or videoconference, for any part of the trial other than a part in which the evidence of a witness is taken, as long as the accused is given the opportunity to communicate privately with counsel if they are represented by counsel.
[omitted (2) and (3)]

R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 650; 1991, c. 43, s. 9; 1994, c. 44, s. 61; 1997, c. 18, s. 77; 2002, c. 13, s. 60; 2003, c. 21, s. 12; 2019, c. 25, s. 274.

CCC


Note up: 650

PART XXII.‍01 
Remote Attendance by Certain Persons
Principles
Attendance

715.21 Except as otherwise provided in this Act, a person who appears at, participates in or presides at a proceeding shall do so personally.

2019, c. 25, s. 292.

CCC


Note up: 715.21

In Part XX.01 concerning remote attendance by certain persons, s. 715.23 reads:

Accused
Appearance by audioconference or videoconference

715.‍23 (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the court may order an accused to appear by audioconference or videoconference, if the court is of the opinion that it would be appropriate having regard to all the circumstances, including

(a) the location and personal circumstances of the accused;
(b) the costs that would be incurred if the accused were to appear personally;
(c) the suitability of the location from where the accused will appear;
(d) the accused’s right to a fair and public hearing; and
(e) the nature and seriousness of the offence.
Reasons

(2) If the court does not make an order under subsection (1) [appearance by audioconference or videoconference] it shall include in the record a statement of the reasons for not doing so.

Cessation

(3) The court may, at any time, cease the use of the technological means referred to in subsection (1) [appearance by audioconference or videoconference] and take any measure that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances to have the accused appear at the proceeding.

CCC


Note up: 715.23(1), (2) and (3)

Accused in prison

715.‍24 Despite anything in this Act, if an accused who is in prison does not have access to legal advice during the proceedings, the court shall, before permitting the accused to appear by videoconference, be satisfied that the accused will be able to understand the proceedings and that any decisions made by the accused during the proceedings will be voluntary.

CCC


Note up: 715.24

Audioconference and videoconference

Section 2 defines "audioconference" and videoconference".[1]

Summary Conviction Offences

In Part XXVII concerning summary convictions, s. 800 reads:

800
[omitted (1) and (2)]

Video links

(2.1) If the summary conviction court so orders and the defendant agrees, the defendant who is confined in prison may appear by closed-circuit television or videoconference, as long as the defendant is given the opportunity to communicate privately with counsel if they are represented by counsel.
[omitted (3)]
R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 800; 1997, c. 18, s. 111; 2003, c. 21, s. 21; 2019, c. 25, s. 317.

CCC


Note up: 800(2.1)

See also