Keeping a Common Bawdy-house (Repealed Offence): Difference between revisions

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{{LevelZero}}{{HeaderOffences}}{{HeaderRepealedOffences}}
{{LevelZero}}{{HeaderOffences}}{{HeaderRepealedOffences}}
; Repealed September 19, 2019 (Bill C-75)
; Repealed September 19, 2019 (Bill C-75)
{{OffenceBox |OffenceTitle=Keeping a Common Bawdy-house |OffencePage=Keeping a Common Bawdy-house |Section=210(1), (2) |Act={{OBCCC}} |CrownElection={{OBIndictableElection}} (210(1)) {{OBSummaryElection}} (210(2))|Jurisdiction={{OBJurisdictionAbsolute}} (210(1), (2)) |Bail= {{OBBailVar}} |SummaryDisp= {{OBDispAll}} |SummaryMin= {{OBMinNone}} |SummaryMax= {{OBSConviction}} |IndictableDisp= {{OBDispSame}} |IndictableMin= {{OBMinNone}} |IndictableMax= {{OBTime|2 years}} }}
{{OffenceBox  
|OffenceTitle=Keeping a Common Bawdy-house  
|OffencePage=Keeping a Common Bawdy-house  
|Section=210(1), (2)  
|Act={{OBCCC}}  
|CrownElection={{OBIndictableElection}} (210(1)) {{OBSummaryElection}} (210(2))
|Jurisdiction={{OBJurisdictionAbsolute}} (210(1), (2))  
|Bail= {{OBBailVar}}  
|SummaryDisp= {{OBDispAll}}
|SummaryMin= {{OBMinNone}}  
|SummaryMax= {{OBSConviction}}  
|IndictableDisp= {{OBDispSame}}  
|IndictableMin= {{OBMinNone}}  
|IndictableMax= {{OBTime|2 years}} }}


==Overview==
==Overview==
{{OverviewVII|keeping a common bawdy-house}}
{{OverviewVII|keeping a common bawdy-house}}
; Pleadings
{{PleadingsHeader}}
{{PleadingsIndictableList|s. 210(1) {{DescrSec|210(1)}} | {{NA}} | No, not eligible under s. 553(1)}}
{{PleadingsSummaryList|s. 210(2) {{DescrSec|210(2)}} | {{NA}} | No }}
{{PleadingsEnd}}
An offence under s. 210(1) is a [[List of Straight Indictable Offences|straight indictable]] offence.
An offence under s. 210(2) is a summary conviction offence.
{{PleadingsAbsolute|s. 210(1) and (2)}}
; Release
{{ReleaseHeader}}
|s. 210(1) {{DescrSec|210(1)}} || {{ReleaseProfileOICorBail}}
|-
|s. 210(2) {{DescrSec|210(2)}} || {{ReleaseProfileAll}}
|-
{{ReleaseEnd}}
{{ReleaseOICorBail|s. 210(1)}}
{{ReleaseAllOptions|s. 210(2)}}
:''Reverse Onus Bail''
{{ReverseOnusCirc}}
:''Fingeprints and Photos''
{{IDCriminalAct|s. 210(1)}}
<!--NO CRIMINAL ACT listing for 210(2)-->
; Publication Bans
{{GeneralPubBan}}
{{486.4PublicationBan|s. 210}}
; Offence Designations
{{DesignationHeader}}
|-
|s. xxx || {{OKMark}} <!--wire--> || {{OKMark}} <!--DO-->||{{OKMark}} <!--SPIO--> || {{XMark}} <!--consent-->
{{DesignationEnd}}
{{SeeBelowForAncillary}}


==Offence Wording==
==Offence Wording==
{{quotation|
{{quotation2|
; Keeping common bawdy-house
; Keeping common bawdy-house
210. (1) Every one who keeps a common bawdy-house is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.
210 (1) Every one who keeps a common bawdy-house is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.
<br>
<br>
; Landlord, inmate, etc.
; Landlord, inmate, etc.
Line 61: Line 33:
<br>
<br>
; Notice of conviction to be served on owner
; Notice of conviction to be served on owner
(3) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1), the court shall cause a notice of the conviction to be served on the owner, landlord or lessor of the place in respect of which the person is convicted or his agent, and the notice shall contain a statement to the effect that it is being served pursuant to this section.
(3) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) {{AnnSec2|210(1)}}, the court shall cause a notice of the conviction to be served on the owner, landlord or lessor of the place in respect of which the person is convicted or his agent, and the notice shall contain a statement to the effect that it is being served pursuant to this section.
<br>
<br>
; Duty of landlord on notice
; Duty of landlord on notice
(4) Where a person on whom a notice is served under subsection (3) fails forthwith to exercise any right he may have to determine the tenancy or right of occupation of the person so convicted, and thereafter any person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) in respect of the same premises, the person on whom the notice was served shall be deemed to have committed an offence under subsection (1) unless he proves that he has taken all reasonable steps to prevent the recurrence of the offence.
(4) Where a person on whom a notice is served under subsection (3) {{AnnSec2|210(3)}} fails forthwith to exercise any right he may have to determine the tenancy or right of occupation of the person so convicted, and thereafter any person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) {{AnnSec2|210(1)}} in respect of the same premises, the person on whom the notice was served shall be deemed to have committed an offence under subsection (1) {{AnnSec2|210(1)}} unless he proves that he has taken all reasonable steps to prevent the recurrence of the offence.
<br>
<br>
R.S., c. C-34, s. 193.
R.S., c. C-34, s. 193.
{{Annotation}}
|[{{CCCSec|210}} CCC]
|[{{CCCSec|210}} CCC]
|{{NoteUp|210|1|2|3|4}}
}}
}}


{{quotation|
{{quotation2|
; Transporting person to bawdy-house
; Transporting person to bawdy-house
211. Every one who knowingly takes, transports, directs, or offers to take, transport or direct, any other person to a common bawdy-house is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.
211. Every one who knowingly takes, transports, directs, or offers to take, transport or direct, any other person to a common bawdy-house is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.
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R.S., c. C-34, s. 194.
R.S., c. C-34, s. 194.
|[{{CCCSec|211}} CCC]
|[{{CCCSec|211}} CCC]
|{{NoteUp|211}}
}}
}}


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{{Proving|keeping a common bawdy house|210(1)}}<ref>
{{Proving|keeping a common bawdy house|210(1)}}<ref>
''R v Labaye'', [http://canlii.ca/t/1m76r 2005 SCC 80] (CanLII), [2005] 3 SCR 728{{perSCC|McLachlin CJ}}{{atL|1m76r|62}}</ref>
{{CanLIIRP|Labaye|1m76r|2005 SCC 80 (CanLII)|[2005] 3 SCR 728}}{{perSCC|McLachlin CJ}}{{atL|1m76r|62}}</ref>
{{InitialElements}}
{{InitialElements}}
# {{box}} the culprit's conduct, by its nature, caused harm or presented a significant risk of harm to individuals or society  
# {{box}} the culprit's conduct, by its nature, caused harm or presented a significant risk of harm to individuals or society  
Line 107: Line 82:


The categories of harm is not a closed list.<ref>
The categories of harm is not a closed list.<ref>
''R v Labaye'', [http://canlii.ca/t/1m76r 2005 SCC 80] (CanLII), [2005] 3 SCR 728{{perSCC|McLachlin CJ}}
{{CanLIIRP|Labaye|1m76r|2005 SCC 80 (CanLII)|[2005] 3 SCR 728}}{{perSCC|McLachlin CJ}}
</ref>
</ref>
{{reflist|2}}
{{reflist|2}}
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===Keeping===
===Keeping===


For there be "keeping", it must be:
For there be "keeping", it must be:<ref>
<ref>
{{CanLIIRP|Corbeil|1fsmh|1991 CanLII 96 (SCC)|[1991] 1 SCR 830}}{{perSCC|Lamer CJ}}
''R v Corbeil'', [http://canlii.ca/t/1fsmh 1991 CanLII 96] (SCC), [1991] 1 SCR 830{{perSCC|Lamer CJ}}
</ref>
</ref>
# that the accused have some degree of control over the care and management of the premises, and  
# that the accused have some degree of control over the care and management of the premises, and  
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Providing accommodations necessarily amounts to "keeping".  
Providing accommodations necessarily amounts to "keeping".  
<ref>
<ref>
''R v McLellan'', [http://canlii.ca/t/23lx1 1980 CanLII 330] (BC CA){{perBCCA|Nemetz CJ}} ("The provisions of accommodation is the essence of keeping")
{{CanLIIRP|McLellan|23lx1|1980 CanLII 330 (BC CA)|55 CCC (2d) 543}}{{perBCCA|Nemetz CJ}} ("The provisions of accommodation is the essence of keeping")
</ref>
</ref>


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==="Common Bawdy-house"===
==="Common Bawdy-house"===


Section 197(1) defines "common bawdy-house" as:
Section 197(1) defines "common bawdy-house" as:
{{quotation|
{{quotation2|
197(1) In this Part,<br>...
197 (1) In this Part {{AnnSec|Part VII}},<br>{{Ellipsis}}
<s>“common bawdy-house” means, for the practice of acts of indecency, a place that is kept or occupied or resorted to by one or more persons;
<s>“common bawdy-house” means, for the practice of acts of indecency, a place that is kept or occupied or resorted to by one or more persons;
<br>...<br></s>
<br></s>{{ellipsis}}
R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 197; R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 29; 2014, c. 25, s. 12.<br>
R.S., {{LegHistory80s|1985, c. C-46}}, s. 197; R.S., {{LegHistory80s|1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.)}}, s. 29; {{LegHistory10s|2014, c. 25}}, s. 12.<br>
Repealed on September 19, 2019 with enactment of 2019, c. 25.
Repealed on September 19, 2019 with enactment of 2019, c. 25.
|[{{CCCSec|197}} CCC]
|[{{CCCSec|197}} CCC]
|{{NoteUp|197|1}}
}}
}}


"Kept" refers to the "frequent or habitual activity". <ref>
"Kept" refers to the "frequent or habitual activity". <ref>
''R v Rockert et al.'', [http://canlii.ca/t/1tx4v 1978 CanLII 31] (SCC), [1978] 2 SCR 704{{perSCC|Estey J}}<br>
{{CanLIIRP|Rockert et al|1tx4v|1978 CanLII 31 (SCC)|[1978] 2 SCR 704}}{{perSCC|Estey J}}<br>
''R v Patterson'', [http://canlii.ca/t/1tvv4 1967 CanLII 22] (SCC), [1968] SCR 157{{perSCC|Spence J}}<br>
{{CanLIIRP|Patterson|1tvv4|1967 CanLII 22 (SCC)|[1968] SCR 157}}{{perSCC|Spence J}}<br>
''R c Lahaie'', [http://canlii.ca/t/1pj6v 1990 CanLII 3271] (QC CA){{TheCourt}}<br>
{{CanLIIRPC|R c Lahaie|1pj6v|1990 CanLII 3271 (QC CA)|55 CCC (3d) 572}}{{TheCourt}}<br>
</ref>
</ref>


A common bawdy-house can include any fixed area where acts of prostitution occur. It can include parking lots.<ref>
A common bawdy-house can include any fixed area where acts of prostitution occur. It can include parking lots.<ref>
{{CanLIIRP|Pierce|g15fb|1982 CanLII 2153 (ON CA)|(1982), 66 CCC (2d) 388 (Ont. C.A.)}}{{perONCA|MacKinnon CJ}}</ref>
{{CanLIIRP|Pierce|g15fb|1982 CanLII 2153 (ON CA)| CCC (2d) 388}}{{perONCA|MacKinnon CJ}}</ref>


A massage parlour where the messages will include offers of masturbation may not be "houses of prostitution".<ref>
A massage parlour where the messages will include offers of masturbation may not be "houses of prostitution".<ref>
''R v Ponomarev'', [http://canlii.ca/t/1rvtb 2007 ONCJ 271] (CanLII){{perONCJ|Chisvin J}}
{{CanLIIRx|Ponomarev|1rvtb|2007 ONCJ 271 (CanLII)}}{{perONCJ|Chisvin J}}
</ref>
</ref>


{{reflist|2}}
{{reflist|2}}
==="Place"===
* See [[Commodification of Sexual Services (Offence)]]
===Evidence===
{{Section278.2Offences|s. 210 and 211}}
{{reflist|2}}
==Participation of Third Parties==
{{seealso|Role of the Victim and Third Parties|Testimonial Aids for Young, Disabled or Vulnerable Witnesses}}
; Testimonial Aids
{{3rdPTestimonyAids}}
; On Finding of Guilt
<!--
{{606Notice5Y|XX}}
{{606NoticeSPIO|XX}}
-->
{{RestitutionNotice}}
{{VISNotice}}


==Sentencing Principles and Ranges==
==Sentencing Principles and Ranges==
{{seealsoSentencing}}
{{seealsoSentencing}}
{{seealsoSentencingSexual}}
{{seealsoSentencingSexual}}
; Maximum Penalties
{{SProfileMaxHeader}}
{{SProfileMax|s. 210 [keeping common bawdy-house]| {{NA}} | 2 years custody }}
{{SProfileMax|s. 211 [assoc. with common bawdy-house]|{{NA}} | {{summaryconviction}} }}
{{SProfileEnd}}
{{MaxPenaltyIndictment|s. 210|'''2 years incarceration'''}}
{{MaxPenaltySummary|s. 211|'''{{summaryconviction}}'''}}
; Minimum Penalties
{{NoMinimumPenalties}}
; Available Dispositions
{{SProfileAvailHeader}}
|s. 210 and 211 || {{NA}} || {{SProfileAll}}
|-
{{SProfileEnd}}
{{AllDispositionsAvailable1|s. 210 and 211}}
; Consecutive Sentences
{{NoConsecutive}}
===Principles===


===Ranges===
===Ranges===
{{seealsoRanges|Keeping a Common Bawdy-house}}
{{seealsoRanges|Keeping a Common Bawdy-house}}
==Ancillary Sentencing Orders==
{{seealso|Ancillary Orders}}
; Offence-specific Orders
* None
; General Sentencing Orders
{{GeneralSentencingOrders}}
; General Forfeiture Orders
{{GeneralForfeitureOrders}}
==Record Suspensions and Pardons==
{{RecordSuspension|s. 210(1) {{DescrSec|210(1)}} }}


==See Also==
==See Also==
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[[Category:Straight Summary Offences]]
[[Category:Straight Summary Offences]]
[[Category:Offences Punishable on Summary Conviction]]
[[Category:Offences with Maximum Penalty of 2 Years]]
[[Category:Provisions Enacted or Amended in 1985]]
[[Category:Provisions Enacted or Amended in 2014]]

Latest revision as of 12:18, 24 August 2021

Repealed September 19, 2019 (Bill C-75)
Keeping a Common Bawdy-house
s. 210(1), (2) of the Crim. Code
Election / Plea
Crown Election Indictment (210(1)) Summary (210(2))
summary proceedings must initiate within 12 months of the offence (786(2))
Jurisdiction Prov. Court only (210(1), (2))
Summary Dispositions
Avail. Disp. Discharge (730)

Suspended Sentence (731(1)(a))
Fine (734)
Fine + Probation (731(1)(b))
Jail (718.3, 787)
Jail + Probation (731(1)(b))
Jail + Fine (734)

Conditional Sentence (742.1)
Minimum None
Maximum 2 years less a day jail and/or a $5,000 fine (from Sept 19, 2019)
Indictable Dispositions
Avail. Disp. same as summary
Minimum None
Maximum 2 years incarceration
Reference
Offence Elements
Sentence Digests

Overview

Offences relating to keeping a common bawdy-house are found in Part VII of the Criminal Code relating to "Disorderly Houses, Gaming and Betting".

Offence Wording

Keeping common bawdy-house

210 (1) Every one who keeps a common bawdy-house is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

Landlord, inmate, etc.

(2) Every one who

(a) is an inmate of a common bawdy-house,
(b) is found, without lawful excuse, in a common bawdy-house, or
(c) as owner, landlord, lessor, tenant, occupier, agent or otherwise having charge or control of any place, knowingly permits the place or any part thereof to be let or used for the purposes of a common bawdy-house,

is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

Notice of conviction to be served on owner

(3) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) , the court shall cause a notice of the conviction to be served on the owner, landlord or lessor of the place in respect of which the person is convicted or his agent, and the notice shall contain a statement to the effect that it is being served pursuant to this section.

Duty of landlord on notice

(4) Where a person on whom a notice is served under subsection (3) fails forthwith to exercise any right he may have to determine the tenancy or right of occupation of the person so convicted, and thereafter any person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1) in respect of the same premises, the person on whom the notice was served shall be deemed to have committed an offence under subsection (1) unless he proves that he has taken all reasonable steps to prevent the recurrence of the offence.
R.S., c. C-34, s. 193.
[annotation(s) added]

CCC


Note up: 210(1), (2), (3), and (4)

Transporting person to bawdy-house

211. Every one who knowingly takes, transports, directs, or offers to take, transport or direct, any other person to a common bawdy-house is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.
R.S., c. C-34, s. 194.

CCC


Note up: 211

Proof of the Offence

Proving keeping a common bawdy house under s. 210(1) should include:[1]

  1. identity of accused as culprit
  2. date and time of the incident
  3. jurisdiction (incl. region and province)
  4. the culprit's conduct, by its nature, caused harm or presented a significant risk of harm to individuals or society
  5. the risk was in a way that undermined or threatened to undermine a value reflected in and formally endorsed by the Constitution or other fundamental laws by
    1. confronting members of the public with conduct that significantly interferes with their autonomy and liberty; or
    2. predisposing others to anti-social behaviour; or
    3. physically or psychologically harming persons involved in the conduct, and
  6. the harm or risk of harm is of a degree that is incompatible with the proper functioning of society.

Proving transporting person to bawdy-house under s. 211 should include:

  1. identity of accused as culprit
  2. date and time of the incident
  3. jurisdiction (incl. region and province)
  4. the culprit "takes, transports, directs, or offers to take, transport or direct, any other person"
  5. the destination is a "common bawdy-house"
  6. the act was done "knowingly"
  1. R v Labaye, 2005 SCC 80 (CanLII), [2005] 3 SCR 728, per McLachlin CJ, at para 62

Interpretation of the Offence

The categories of harm is not a closed list.[1]

  1. R v Labaye, 2005 SCC 80 (CanLII), [2005] 3 SCR 728, per McLachlin CJ

Keeping

For there be "keeping", it must be:[1]

  1. that the accused have some degree of control over the care and management of the premises, and
  2. that the accused participate to some extent..., in the "illicit" activities of the common bawdy-house.

The accused does not need to participate in the sex acts, rather only participate in the use of the house as a bawdy-house.[2]

Providing accommodations necessarily amounts to "keeping". [3]

  1. R v Corbeil, 1991 CanLII 96 (SCC), [1991] 1 SCR 830, per Lamer CJ
  2. Corbeil, ibid.
  3. R v McLellan, 1980 CanLII 330 (BC CA), 55 CCC (2d) 543, per Nemetz CJ ("The provisions of accommodation is the essence of keeping")

"Common Bawdy-house"

Section 197(1) defines "common bawdy-house" as:

197 (1) In this Part [Pt. VII – Disorderly Houses, Gaming and Betting (s. 197 to 213)],
...
“common bawdy-house” means, for the practice of acts of indecency, a place that is kept or occupied or resorted to by one or more persons;
...
R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 197; R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 29; 2014, c. 25, s. 12.
Repealed on September 19, 2019 with enactment of 2019, c. 25.

CCC


Note up: 197(1)

"Kept" refers to the "frequent or habitual activity". [1]

A common bawdy-house can include any fixed area where acts of prostitution occur. It can include parking lots.[2]

A massage parlour where the messages will include offers of masturbation may not be "houses of prostitution".[3]

  1. R v Rockert et al, 1978 CanLII 31 (SCC), [1978] 2 SCR 704, per Estey J
    R v Patterson, 1967 CanLII 22 (SCC), [1968] SCR 157, per Spence J
    R c Lahaie, 1990 CanLII 3271 (QC CA), 55 CCC (3d) 572, per curiam
  2. R v Pierce, 1982 CanLII 2153 (ON CA), CCC (2d) 388, per MacKinnon CJ
  3. R v Ponomarev, 2007 ONCJ 271 (CanLII), per Chisvin J

Sentencing Principles and Ranges

See also: Purpose and Principles of Sentencing, Sentencing Factors Relating to the Offender, and Sentencing Factors Relating to the Offence
For general principles on sentence for sexual offences, see Sexual Offences

Ranges

see also: Keeping a Common Bawdy-house (Sentencing Cases)

See Also

References