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** [[Identity]] · [[Time and Place]] · [[Continuity]] · [[Proof of Ownership|Ownership]] · [[Criminal Organizations]] · [[Eyewitness Identification]]
** [[Identity]] · [[Time and Place]] · [[Continuity]] · [[Proof of Ownership|Ownership]] · [[Criminal Organizations]] · [[Eyewitness Identification]]
* '''Doctrines of Constructive Liability'''
* '''Doctrines of Constructive Liability'''
** [[Parties to an Offence|Parties]] · [[Accessory After the Fact]] · [[Recent Possession]] · [[Lesser Included Offences|Included Offences]] · [[Attempts]] · [[Counselling]] · [[Conspiracy (Offence)|Conspiracy]] · [[Lesser Included Offences]] · [[Liability of Organizations]]
** [[Parties to an Offence]] · [[Accessory After the Fact]] · [[Recent Possession]] · [[Lesser Included Offences|Included Offences]] · [[Attempts]] · [[Counselling]] · [[Conspiracy (Offence)|Conspiracy]] · [[Lesser Included Offences]] · [[Liability of Organizations]]
* '''[[Principles of Interpretation]]'''
* '''[[Principles of Interpretation]]'''
** [[Interpreting Legislative Amendments]] · [[Stare Decisis]] · [[Criminal Code and Related Definitions]] · [[List of Criminal Code Amendments]]
** [[Interpreting Legislative Amendments]] · [[Stare Decisis]] · [[Criminal Code and Related Definitions]] · [[List of Criminal Code Amendments]]
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** [[Offences by Category#Homicide|Homicide]] ("[[Planned and Deliberate]]" · [[Murder by Unlawful Act or Object]])
** [[Offences by Category#Homicide|Homicide]] ("[[Planned and Deliberate]]" · [[Murder by Unlawful Act or Object]])
** [[Repealed Offences]]
** [[Repealed Offences]]
** Definitions: [[Definition of Bodily Harm|"Bodily Harm"]], [[Definition of Child Pornography|"Child Pornography"]], [[Definition of Dwelling House|"Dwelling House"]], [[Definition of Weapons|"Weapons"]], [[Definition of Firearms|"Firearms"]], [[Definition of Judicial Officers|Judicial Officers]],  [[Definitions for Financial Instruments and Legal Documents|Financial Instruments and Legal Documents]], [[Definitions of Parties, Persons, and Organizations|Parties, Persons, and Organizations]], [[Peace Officers|"Peace Officers"]], [[Terrorism Definitions|Terrorism Definitions]], [[Deceit, Falsehood, or Other Fraudulent Means|"Deceit, Falsehood, or Other Fraudulent Means"]], [[Criminal Code and Related Definitions|Misc Code Definitions]].
** Definitions: [[Definition of Bodily Harm|"Bodily Harm"]], [[Definition of Child Pornography|"Child Pornography"]], [[Definition of Dwelling House|"Dwelling House"]], [[Definition of Judicial Officers and Offices|Judicial Officers and Offices]],  [[Definitions for General Documents, Legal Documents and Financial Instruments|General Documents, Legal Documents and Financial Instruments]], [[Definitions of Parties, Persons, Places and Organizations|Parties, Persons, Places and Organizations]], [[Peace Officers|"Peace Officers"]], [[Terrorism Definitions|Terrorism Definitions]], [[Deceit, Falsehood, or Other Fraudulent Means|"Deceit, Falsehood, or Other Fraudulent Means"]], [[Definition of Terms Relating to Transactions and Transferences|Terms Relating to Transactions and Transferences]], [[Definition of Weapons|"Weapons"]], [[Definition of Firearms|"Firearms"]], [[Definition of Prohibited Firearms|"Prohibited Firearms"]], [[Definition of Restricted Firearms|"Restricted Firearms"]], [[Non-Restricted and Other Types of Firearms|"non-restricted firearms"]], [[Definition of Prohibited Device and Ammunition|"Prohibited Device" and "Ammunition"]], [[Criminal Code and Related Definitions|Misc Code Definitions]].


* '''[[Regulatory and Provincial Offences]]'''
* '''[[Regulatory and Provincial Offences]]'''
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*'''Appendix'''
*'''Appendix'''
** [[Offences by Penalty]] · [[CDSA Schedules|CDSA Schedules]] ·<!-- [[Model Examinations (Criminal Law)|Model Examinations]] ·--> [[Table of Concordance (Criminal Code)|Table of Concordance]] · [[Criminal Law Cases|Table of Cases]] · [[Criminal Code and Related Definitions]]  [[List of Legislative Amendments]] ([[List of Criminal Code Amendments|Criminal Code (2000 to present)]] · [[List of Criminal Code Amendments (1892 to 1984)|Criminal Code (1892 to 1984)]] · [[List of Criminal Code Amendments (1984 to 1999)|Criminal Code (1984 to 1999)]]) · [[List of Hybrid Offences]] · [[List of Straight Indictable Offences]] · [[List of Summary Conviction Offences]] · [[Offences by Penalty]]
** [[Offences by Penalty]] · [[CDSA Schedules]] ·<!-- [[Model Examinations (Criminal Law)|Model Examinations]] ·--> [[Table of Concordance (Criminal Code)|Table of Concordance]] · [[Criminal Law Cases|Table of Cases]] · [[Criminal Code and Related Definitions]]  [[List of Legislative Amendments]] ([[List of Criminal Code Amendments|Criminal Code (2000 to present)]] · [[List of Criminal Code Amendments (1892 to 1984)|Criminal Code (1892 to 1984)]] · [[List of Criminal Code Amendments (1984 to 1999)|Criminal Code (1984 to 1999)]]) · [[List of Hybrid Offences]] · [[List of Straight Indictable Offences]] · [[List of Summary Conviction Offences]] · [[Offences by Penalty]]


==Volume II: Evidence==
==Volume II: Evidence==
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** [[Discretionary Exclusion of Evidence]] · [[Standard of Proof]] ([[Beyond a Reasonable Doubt]]) · [[Burden of Proof]]
** [[Discretionary Exclusion of Evidence]] · [[Standard of Proof]] ([[Beyond a Reasonable Doubt]]) · [[Burden of Proof]]
* '''[[Proving Facts]]'''
* '''[[Proving Facts]]'''
** [[Direct Evidence]] · [[Circumstantial Evidence]] · [[Inferences]] · [[Recent Possession]] · [[Presumptions]] · [[Judicial Notice]] · [[Admissions of Fact]] · [[Analyzing Testimony]] ([[Bias, Interest, and Corruption in Assessing Credibility]] · [[Weighing Testimony of the Accused]] · [[Credibility and Reliability of Child Witnesses]]) · [[Corroboration]]
** [[Direct Evidence]] · [[Circumstantial Evidence]] · [[Inferences]] · [[Recent Possession]] · [[Presumptions]] ([[Presumption of Innocence]]) · [[Judicial Notice]] · [[Admissions of Fact]] · [[Analyzing Testimony]] ([[Bias, Interest, and Corruption in Assessing Credibility]] · [[Weighing Testimony of the Accused]] · [[Credibility and Reliability of Child Witnesses]]) · [[Corroboration]]
** [[Proof of Previous Conviction]] · [[Proof of Controlled Substance]]
** [[Proof of Previous Conviction]] · [[Proof of Controlled Substance]]


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** [[Demonstrative Evidence]]
** [[Demonstrative Evidence]]
* '''[[Documentary Evidence]]'''
* '''[[Documentary Evidence]]'''
** [[Public and Judicial Documents]] · [[Private Documents]] · [[Business Records]] · [[Financial Institution Records]] · [[Electronic Documents]] · [[Best Evidence Rule]]
** [[Public and Judicial Documents]] · [[Private Documents]] · [[Business Records]] ([[Business Records Under Common Law|Under Common Law]] · [[Business Records Under the Canada Evidence Act|Evidence Act]]) · [[Financial Institution Records]] · [[Electronic Documents and Records]] · [[Best Evidence Rule]]
* '''[[Testimonial Evidence]]'''  
* '''[[Testimonial Evidence]]'''  
** [[Competence and Compellability]]: [[Compelling Attendance of Witnesses]] · [[Oaths and Affirmations]] · [[Competence of Witnesses to Testify]] · [[Competence of Children and Witnesses of Diminished Capacity]] · [[Spousal Immunity]]
** [[Competence and Compellability]]: [[Compelling Attendance of Witnesses]] · [[Oaths and Affirmations]] · [[Competence of Witnesses to Testify]] · [[Competence of Children and Witnesses of Diminished Capacity]] · [[Spousal Immunity]]
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** [[Collateral Fact Rule]] · [[Prior Consistent Statements]] · [[Prior Inconsistent Statements]] · [[Post-Offence Conduct]] · [[Credibility Based on Prior Criminal Record|Criminal Record]] · [[Disreputable and Unsavoury Witnesses]]
** [[Collateral Fact Rule]] · [[Prior Consistent Statements]] · [[Prior Inconsistent Statements]] · [[Post-Offence Conduct]] · [[Credibility Based on Prior Criminal Record|Criminal Record]] · [[Disreputable and Unsavoury Witnesses]]
* '''[[Character Evidence]]'''
* '''[[Character Evidence]]'''
** [[Character of Accused]] · [[Character of Non-Accused Persons]] · [[Similar Fact Evidence]] · [[Alternative Suspect Evidence]] · [[Complainant's Sexual History]] · [[Corbett Application]]
** [[Character of Accused]] · [[Character of Non-Accused Persons]] · [[Similar Fact Evidence]] · [[Alternative Suspect Evidence]] · [[Complainant's Sexual Activity Evidence]] · [[Corbett Application]]
* '''[[Hearsay]]'''
* '''[[Hearsay]]'''
** [[Traditional Exceptions to Hearsay|Traditional Exceptions]] ([[Statutory Hearsay Exception for Victims, Children and Disabled]] · [[Statements Against Interest Exception]] · [[Res Gestae and Dying Declarations]] · [[Past Recollection Recorded]] · [[Previously Sworn Testimony Exception to Hearsay]] · [[Co-Conspirators Exception to Hearsay]] · [[Adoptive and Implied Admissions]])
** [[Traditional Exceptions to Hearsay|Traditional Exceptions]] ([[Statutory Hearsay Exception for Victims, Children and Disabled]] · [[Statements Against Interest Exception]] · [[Res Gestae and Dying Declarations]] · [[Past Recollection Recorded]] · [[Sworn Testimony Exception to Hearsay]] · [[Co-Conspirators Exception to Hearsay]] · [[Adoptive and Implied Admissions]])
** [[Principled Exception to Hearsay|Principled Exception]]
** [[Principled Exception to Hearsay|Principled Exception]] ([[Necessity Under the Principled Approach to Hearsay|Necessity]] · [[Reliability Under the Principled Approach to Hearsay|Reliability]])
* '''[[Admissions and Confessions]]'''
* '''[[Admissions and Confessions]]'''
** [[Admissions]] · [[Confessions]] · [[Voluntariness]] · [[Right Against Self-Crimination]] · [[Confessions by Young Persons]]
** [[Admissions]] · [[Confessions]] · [[Voluntariness]] · [[Right Against Self-Crimination]] · [[Confessions by Young Persons]] · [[Admissions from Mr Big Operations]]
* '''[[Privilege]]'''
* '''[[Privilege]]'''
** [[Solicitor Client Privilege]] · [[Public Interest Privilege]] · [[Litigation Privilege]] · [[Settlement Privilege]] · [[Informer Privilege]] · [[Spousal Immunity|Spousal Privilege]] · [[Case-by-Case Privilege]]
** [[Solicitor Client Privilege]] · [[Public Interest Privilege]] · [[Litigation Privilege]] · [[Settlement Privilege]] · [[Informer Privilege]] · [[Spousal Immunity|Spousal Privilege]] · [[Case-by-Case Privilege]] · [[Protection of Journalist Records and Sources]]


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** [[Rights Against Search and Seizure]] · [[Reasonable Expectation of Privacy|Reasonable Expectation of Privacy]] · [[Established Areas of Privacy]] · [[Warrantless Searches|General Police Powers to Intrude]] · [[Manner of Search]]
** [[Rights Against Search and Seizure]] · [[Reasonable Expectation of Privacy|Reasonable Expectation of Privacy]] · [[Established Areas of Privacy]] · [[Warrantless Searches|General Police Powers to Intrude]] · [[Manner of Search]]


* '''[[Warrantless Searches|Warrantless Searches]]'''
* '''[[Warrantless Searches]]'''
**[[Consent Search|Search by Consent]] · [[Search Incident to Detention|Search Incident to Detention]] · [[Search Incident to Arrest|Search Incident to Arrest]] · [[Warrantless Search of Abandoned Property]] · [[Plain View Search and Seizure]] · [[Warrantless Search in Exigent Circumstances|Exigent Circumstances]] · ([[Warrantless Entry into Dwellings in Exigent Circumstances]]) · [[Entry into Place to Execute an Arrest Warrant]]
**[[Consent Search|Search by Consent]] · [[Search Incident to Investigative Detention]] · [[Search Incident to Arrest]] · [[Warrantless Search of Abandoned Property]] · [[Plain View Search and Seizure]] · [[Warrantless Search in Exigent Circumstances|Exigent Circumstances]] · ([[Warrantless Entry into Dwellings in Exigent Circumstances]]) · [[Entry into Place to Execute an Arrest Warrant]]


* '''Warrant Searches'''
* '''Warrant Searches'''
** [[Applying for Judicial Authorizations]] · [[Information to Obtain a Search Warrant|Contents of the ITO]] ([[Confidential Informers]]) · [[Search Warrant Evidence]] · [[Reasonable and Probable Grounds]] · [[Search Warrant Standard of Review|Standard of Review]] · [[Execution of Search Warrants|Execution of Warrants]] ·  
** [[Applying for Judicial Authorizations]] · [[Information to Obtain a Search Warrant|Contents of the ITO]] ([[Confidential Informers]]) · [[Search Warrant Evidence]] · [[Reasonable and Probable Grounds]] · [[Judicial Authorization Standard of Review|Standard of Review]] · [[Execution of Search Warrants|Execution of Warrants]] ·  
** [[Special Search Warrant Issues|Special Search Issues]] · [[Law Office Searches]] · [[Computer-related Search Issues]] · [[Sealing and Unsealing Warrants|Sealing and Unsealing Warrants]]
** [[Special Search Issues|Special Search Issues]] · [[Searches Intruding on Solicitor-Client Privilege]] (including Law Office Searches) · [[Computer-related Search Issues]] · [[Sealing and Unsealing Judicial Authorizations]]


* '''Types of Warrant'''
* '''Types of Warrant'''
** [[Section 487 Search Warrants]] · [[General Warrants|General Warrants]] (487.01) · [[Seizure of Bodily Samples|Bodily Samples]] (including [[Blood Sample Seizure in Impaired Driving Investigations|impaired driving]],  [[Section 487.05 Seizure Warrant of DNA Samples|DNA Samples]], s. 487.091, [[Body Print Impression Warrant]] (487.092)) · [[Seizure and Forfeiture of Obscene or Child Pornographic Materials|Obscene Materials Warrant]] (164) · [[Gaming House Warrants]] (199) · [[Tracking Warrant]] (492.1) · [[Warrant for Transmission Data Recorder]] (492.2) · [[Seizure of Firearms|Firearms Warrants]] · [[Hate Propaganda Warrants and Forfeiture Orders|Hate Propaganda Warrants]] · [[CDSA Warrants|CDSA Warrants]] · [[Foreign Warrants|Foreign Warrants]] · [[Telewarrants]]  
** [[Section 487 Search Warrants]] · [[General Warrants]] (487.01) · [[Seizure of Bodily Samples|Bodily Samples]] (including [[Blood Sample Seizure in Impaired Driving Investigations|impaired driving]],  [[Section 487.05 Seizure Warrant of DNA Samples|DNA Samples]] (487.091) · [[Body Print Impression Warrant]] (487.092)) · [[Seizure and Forfeiture of Obscene or Child Pornographic Materials|Obscene Materials Warrant]] (164) · [[Gaming House Warrants]] (199) · [[Tracking Warrant]] (492.1) · [[Warrant for Transmission Data Recorder]] (492.2) · [[Seizure of Firearms|Firearms Warrants]] · [[Hate Propaganda Warrants and Forfeiture Orders|Hate Propaganda Warrants]] (320) · [[Warrant to Seize Terrorist Propaganda Publications|Terrorist Propoganda]] (83.222) · [[CDSA Warrants]] (11 CDSA) · [[Foreign Warrants]] · [[Telewarrants]]  
** [[Production Orders|Production Orders]]: [[General Production Orders]] · [[Production Orders for Financial Data]] · [[Production Orders for Tracking Data]] · [[Trace Specified Communications Production Orders]] · [[Transmission Data Production Orders]]
** [[Production Orders]]: [[General Production Orders]] · [[Production Orders for Financial Data]] · [[Production Orders for Tracking Data]] · [[Trace Specified Communications Production Orders]] · [[Transmission Data Production Orders]]
** [[Wiretaps|Wiretaps]] ([[Consent Wiretaps]] · [[Third Party Wiretaps]] · [[Warrantless Wiretaps]] · [[List of Designated Wiretap Eligible Offences|Designated Offences]] · [[Admitting Wiretap Evidence]])
** [[Wiretaps]] ([[Consent Wiretaps]] · [[Third Party Wiretaps]] · [[Warrantless Wiretaps]] · [[List of Designated Wiretap Eligible Offences|Designated Offences]] · [[Admitting Wiretap Evidence]] · [[Annual Wiretap Reports]])


===Seizure and Forfeiture Powers===
===Seizure and Forfeiture Powers===
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** [[Preservation Demands and Orders]]: [[Revocation or Variation of a Proceeds Restraint Order]]
** [[Preservation Demands and Orders]]: [[Revocation or Variation of a Proceeds Restraint Order]]
** [[Restraint of Offence-related Property]]
** [[Restraint of Offence-related Property]]
* '''[[Seizure of Property|Seizure of Property]]'''
* '''[[Seizure of Property]]'''
** [[Ancillary Powers Doctrine]] · [[Warrantless Seizure Under Section 489]] · [[Detention of Things Seized Under Section 490]] · [[Taking Photographs and Fingerprints of Accused Persons]] · [[Inventory Searches]] · [[Seizure of Firearms|Firearm Seizure Powers]] · [[Seizure of Proceeds of Crime]] · [[Seizure and Forfeiture of Obscene or Child Pornographic Materials]] · [[Return of Things Seized]] · [[Seizure of Firearms]] · [[Warrants to Seize Explosives]] · [[Seizure of Bodily Samples]]
** [[Ancillary Powers Doctrine]] · [[Warrantless Seizure Under Section 489]] · [[Detention Order for Things Seized Under Section 489 or 487.11]] · [[Taking Photographs and Fingerprints of Accused Persons]] · [[Inventory Searches]] · [[Seizure of Firearms|Firearm Seizure Powers]] · [[Seizure of Proceeds of Crime]] · [[Seizure and Forfeiture of Obscene or Child Pornographic Materials]] · [[Return of Things Seized to Lawful Owners]] · [[Seizure of Firearms]] · [[Warrants to Seize Explosives]] · [[Seizure of Bodily Samples]]
* '''[[Forfeiture Orders]]'''
* '''[[Forfeiture Orders]]'''
** [[Forfeiture of Proceeds of Crime]] · [[Forfeiture of Offence-related Property]] · [[Forfeiture of Offence-related Property Under the CDSA]] · [[Forfeiture of Things Seized Under Section 490]] · [[Forfeiture of Weapons and Firearms]] · [[Forfeiture of Computer-related Property]] · [[Fines#Fine_in_Lieu_of_Forfeiture|Fine in Lieu of Forfeiture]] · [[Civil Forfeiture]] · [[Terrorism Forfeiture Orders]] · [[Hate Propaganda Warrants and Forfeiture Orders|Hate Propaganda Forfeiture Orders]]
** [[Forfeiture of Proceeds of Crime]] · [[Forfeiture of Offence-related Property]] · [[Forfeiture of Offence-related Property Under the CDSA]] · [[Forfeiture of Things Detained Under Section 490]] · [[Forfeiture of Weapons and Firearms]] · [[Forfeiture of Computer-related Property]] · [[Fine in Lieu of Forfeiture]] · [[Civil Forfeiture]] · [[Terrorism Forfeiture Orders]] · [[Hate Propaganda Warrants and Forfeiture Orders|Hate Propaganda Forfeiture Orders]]


===Exclusion of Evidence===
===Exclusion of Evidence===
* [[Waiver of Charter Rights|Waiver of Charter Rights]] · [[Exclusion of Evidence Under Section 24(2) of the Charter]]
* [[Waiver of Charter Rights]] · [[Exclusion of Evidence Under Section 24(2) of the Charter]]


===Appendix===
===Appendix===
* [[Search Warrant Chart]] · [[ITO Drafting Checklist]] · [[Warrant Searches (Cases)|Case Digests]]
* [[Judicial Authorization Chart]] · [[ITO Drafting Checklist]] · [[Warrant Searches (Cases)|Case Digests]]


==Volume IV: Procedure and Practice==
==Volume IV: Procedure and Practice==
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===Arrest, Detention and Release===
===Arrest, Detention and Release===
* '''[[Arrest and Detention]]'''
* '''[[Arrest and Detention]]'''
** [[Investigative Detention]] · [[Warrantless Arrests]] · [[Post-Charge Detention]]
** [[Investigative Detention]] · [[Warrantless Arrests]] ([[Arrest by a Citizen]]) · [[Initial Post-Charge Detention]] · [[Continued Detention After Appearing Before a Justice]]
** [[Warrant Arrests]]: [[Accused Arrest Warrants for Failing to Attend Court]] · [[Arrest Warrants for Witnesses]] · [[Arrest Warrant for Breach of Court Orders]] · [[Out of Province Arrest Warrants]]
** [[Warrant Arrests]]: [[Accused Arrest Warrants for Failing to Attend Court]] · [[Arrest Warrants for Witnesses]] · [[Arrest Warrants for Accused Persons]] · [[Out of Province Arrest Warrants]]
** [[Reasonable Suspicion]]
** [[Reasonable Suspicion]]
* '''Procedural Rights'''  
* '''Procedural Rights'''  
** [[Arrest Procedure]]: [[Right to be Informed of Charges]] · [[Right to be Informed of Reasons for Arrest or Detention]] · [[Right to Counsel]] ([[Informational Component to Right to Counsel]] · [[Implementation Component to Right to Counsel]] · [[Right to Additional Opportunities to Consult with Counsel]]) · [[Post-Charge Detention]]
** [[Arrest Procedure]]: [[Right to be Informed of Charges]] · [[Right to be Informed of Reasons for Arrest or Detention]] · [[Initial Post-Charge Detention]]
** [[Waiver of Charter Rights]] · [[Exclusion of Evidence Under Section 24(2) of the Charter|Exclusion of Evidence on Rights Violation]] · [[Post-Charge Detention]]
*** [[Right to Counsel]]: [[Informational Component to Right to Counsel]] · [[Implementation Component to Right to Counsel]] · [[Right to Additional Opportunities to Consult with Counsel]] · [[Right to Choice of Counsel]]
** [[Waiver of Charter Rights]] · [[Exclusion of Evidence Under Section 24(2) of the Charter|Exclusion of Evidence on Rights Violation]] · [[Initial Post-Charge Detention]]
* '''[[Compelling the Accused to Attend Court|Compelling Attendance]]'''
* '''[[Compelling the Accused to Attend Court|Compelling Attendance]]'''
** [[Compelling Attendance by Accused Without Arrest]] · [[Warrantless Arrests]] and [[Warrant Arrests]] · [[Laying of an Information]] · [[Issuing Process]] · [[Release by Police]] · [[Procuring the Attendance of a Prisoner]] · [[Transfer of Matters to Other Provinces or Territories]]
** [[Compelling Attendance by Accused Without Arrest]] · [[Warrantless Arrests]] and [[Warrant Arrests]] · [[Laying of an Information]] · [[Issuing Process]] · [[Release by Police]] · [[Procuring the Attendance of a Prisoner]] · [[Transfer of Matters to Other Provinces or Territories]]
* '''[[Judicial Interim Release|Judicial Interim Release / Bail]]'''
* '''[[Judicial Interim Release|Judicial Interim Release / Bail]]'''
** [[Bail Hearings]] · [[Grounds for Release]] · [[Release With and Without Sureties and Deposits|Sureties and Deposits]] · [[Terms of Release]] · [[Breach of Release Conditions]] · [[Bail Revocation and Termination]] · [[Estreatment of Recognizance]] · [[Bail Pending Appeal]] · [[Bail Review]] · [[Bail for Young Accused]]
** [[Bail Hearings]] · [[Grounds for Detention]] · [[Release With and Without Sureties and Deposits|Sureties and Deposits]] · [[Terms of Release]] · [[Breach of Release Conditions]] · [[Revoking, Terminating, or Replacing Bail or Remand Orders]] · [[Estreatment of Recognizance]] · [[Bail Pending Appeal]] · [[Bail Review]] · [[Bail for Young Accused]]
* '''[[Extradition]]'''
* '''[[Extradition]]'''


===The Parties in a Proceeding===
===The Parties in a Proceeding===
*[[Role of the Crown]] ([[Prosecutorial Discretion]]) · [[Role of the Defence Counsel]] · [[Conflicts of Interest]] · [[Role of Law Enforcement]] · [[Accused in Court|Role of the Accused]] ([[Sitting Position of the Accused at Trial]]) · [[Role of Trial Judge]] ([[Procedural Powers of a Preliminary Inquiry Judge]] · [[Judicial Immunity]] · [[Judicial Neutrality and Bias]] · [[Functus Officio]]) · [[Role of the Victim and Third Parties]] · [[Counsel Appearing by Telepresence]]
*[[Role of the Crown]] ([[Prosecutorial Discretion]]) · [[Role of the Defence Counsel]] · [[Conflicts of Interest]] · [[Role of Law Enforcement]] · [[Accused in Court|Role of the Accused]] ([[Sitting Position of the Accused at Trial]]) · [[Role of the Trial Judge]] ([[Procedural Powers of a Preliminary Inquiry Judge]] · [[Judicial Immunity]] · [[Judicial Neutrality and Bias]] · [[Functus Officio]]) · [[Role of the Victim and Third Parties]] · [[Counsel Appearing by Telepresence]]


===Disclosure===
===Disclosure===
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===Courts and Charges===
===Courts and Charges===
* '''Criminal Courts and Charges'''
* '''Criminal Courts and Charges'''
** [[Criminal Courts]] · [[Jurisdiction of the Courts]] ([[Extra-Territorial Jurisdiction of the Courts]] · [[Special Jurisdiction for Offences Over Water]]) · [[Procedure for Young Accused]]
** [[Criminal Courts]] · [[Jurisdiction of the Courts]] ([[Extra-Territorial Jurisdiction of the Courts]] · [[Special Jurisdiction for Offences Over Water]]) · [[Procedure for Young Accused]] · [[Rules of Court]]


*'''[[Informations and Indictments]]'''
*'''[[Informations and Indictments]]'''
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===Pre-Hearing Stages===
===Pre-Hearing Stages===
* '''Initial Court Appearances'''
* '''Initial Court Appearances'''
** [[Arraignment and Plea]]  ([[Plea of Not Guilty and Other Pleas]]) · [[Election]] ([[Crown Election]] · [[Defence Election]]) · [[Choice of Language]]
** [[Arraignment and Plea]]  ([[Plea of Not Guilty and Other Pleas]]) · [[Election]] ([[Crown Election]] · [[Defence Election]] · [[Defence Re-Election]]) · [[Choice of Language]]
* '''[[Case Management|Case Management Hearings]]'''
* '''[[Case Management|Case Management Hearings]]'''
* '''[[Applications and Motions Procedure]]'''
* '''[[Applications and Motions Procedure]]'''
** [[Voir Dire]] · [[Charter Applications]] · [[Adjournments]] · [[Public and Media Restrictions|Publication Bans]] · [[Change of Venue]] · [[Peace Bonds]] · [[Rule Against Collateral Attacks on Court Orders]] · [[Judicial Neutrality and Bias]]
** [[Voir Dire]] · [[Charter Applications]] · [[Adjournments]] · [[Public and Media Restrictions|Publication Bans]] · [[Change of Venue]] · [[Rule Against Collateral Attacks on Court Orders]] · [[Judicial Neutrality and Bias]]
** [[Peace Bonds]]: [[Peace Bond (Force Marriage)|Forced Marriage]] · [[Peace Bond (Injury)|Injury or Damage]] · [[Peace Bond (Organized Crime)|Organized Crime]] · [[Peace Bond (Serious Personal Injury)|Serious Personal Injury]] · [[Peace Bond (Sexual Offences)|Sexual Offences]] · [[Peace Bond (Terrorism)|Terrorism]]
* '''Crown or Judge-Ordered Termination of Proceedings'''
* '''Crown or Judge-Ordered Termination of Proceedings'''
** [[Withdraw and Dismissal of Charges]] · [[Constitutional Challenges to Legislation]] · [[Mistrials]] · [[Directed Verdicts]] · [[Stay of Proceedings]] ([[Abuse of Process]], [[Abuse of Process by Crown Counsel|By Crown Counsel]] ([[Prosecutorial Discretion]]), [[Abuse of Process by Law Enforcement|By Law Enforcement]], [[Abuse of Process Remedies|Abuse Remedies]] · [[Right to a Trial Within a Reasonable Time]] ([[Reasons for Delay]]))
** [[Withdraw and Dismissal of Charges]] · [[Constitutional Challenges to Legislation]] · [[Mistrials]] · [[Directed Verdicts]] · [[Stay of Proceedings]] ([[Abuse of Process]], [[Abuse of Process by Crown Counsel|By Crown Counsel]] ([[Prosecutorial Discretion]]), [[Abuse of Process by Law Enforcement|By Law Enforcement]], [[Abuse of Process Remedies|Abuse Remedies]] · [[Right to a Trial Within a Reasonable Time]] ([[Reasons for Delay (Morin Framework Only)|Reasons for Delay]])
* '''Prerogative Writs and Judicial Review'''
* '''Prerogative Writs and Judicial Review'''
** [[Mandamus, Certiorari, and Prohibition]] · ''[[Habeas Corpus]]''
** [[Mandamus, Certiorari, and Prohibition]] · ''[[Habeas Corpus]]''
* '''[[Costs]]'''
* '''[[Remedies]]'''
** [[Costs]]


===Substantive Hearings===
===Substantive Hearings===
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** [[Electing a Preliminary Inquiry]] · [[Preliminary Inquiry Evidence]] · [[Air of Reality Test]] · [[Procedural Powers of a Preliminary Inquiry Judge]] · [[Order of Committal to Stand Trial]]
** [[Electing a Preliminary Inquiry]] · [[Preliminary Inquiry Evidence]] · [[Air of Reality Test]] · [[Procedural Powers of a Preliminary Inquiry Judge]] · [[Order of Committal to Stand Trial]]
* '''[[Trial Process]]'''
* '''[[Trial Process]]'''
** [[Representation at Trial]] · [[Opening and Closing Submissions]] · [[Orders to Exclude Witnesses from Court]] · [[Testimonial Evidence]] · [[Examinations]] ([[Examinations-in-Chief]], [[Cross-Examinations]], [[Re-Direct Examinations]]) · [[Role of Trial Judge]]
** [[Representation at Trial]] · [[Opening and Closing Address]] · [[Orders to Exclude Witnesses from Court]] · [[Testimonial Evidence]] · [[Examinations]] ([[Examinations-in-Chief]], [[Cross-Examinations]], [[Re-Direct Examinations]]) · [[Rebuttal and Reply]] · [[Reopening the Case]] · [[Role of the Trial Judge]]
** [[Loss of Judge During Proceedings]]
** [[Loss of Judge During Proceedings]]
* '''[[Juries]]'''
* '''[[Juries]]'''
** [[Jury Selection|Selection]] · [[Challenge for Cause]] · [[Jury Procedure|Procedure]] · [[Jury Instructions|Instructions]] · [[Discharging a Juror]]
** [[Juror Eligibility]] · [[Jury Procedure|Procedure]] · [[Jury Selection|Selection]] · [[Right to a Representative Jury]] · [[Selecting Jurors From Panel]] · [[Peremptory Challenge]] · [[Selecting Additional and Alternate Jurors]] · [[Challenge to Jury Panel]] · [[Challenge for Cause]] · [[Jury Instructions|Instructions]] · [[Discharging a Juror]] · [[Special Issues Relating to Jurors]]
* '''[[Trial Verdicts]]'''
* '''[[Trial Verdicts]]'''
** [[Analyzing Testimony]] ([[Weighing Testimony of the Accused]] · [[Credibility of Complainants or Victims‎‎]] · [[Credibility and Reliability of Child Witnesses]]) · [[Kienapple Principle]]  · [[Directed Verdicts]]
** [[Analyzing Testimony]] ([[Weighing Testimony of the Accused]] · [[Credibility of Complainants or Victims‎‎]] · [[Credibility and Reliability of Child Witnesses]]) · [[Kienapple Principle]]  · [[Directed Verdicts]]
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* '''[[Mental Illness]]'''
* '''[[Mental Illness]]'''
** [[Assessment for Fitness and Criminal Responsibility]] · [[Fitness to Stand Trial]] · [[Assessment for Fitness and Criminal Responsibility]] · [[Treatment of an Accused Unfit to Stand Trial]] · [[Not Criminally Responsible Due to Mental Disorder]]
** [[Assessment for Fitness and Criminal Responsibility]] · [[Fitness to Stand Trial]] · [[Assessment for Fitness and Criminal Responsibility]] · [[Treatment of an Accused Unfit to Stand Trial]] · [[Not Criminally Responsible Due to Mental Disorder]]
** [[Review Board Detention and Bail]], [[Review Board Disposition Hearings]], [[Review Board Hearing Procedure]], [[Review Board Publication Bans]], [[Review of Review Board]]


===Youth Procedure===
===Youth Procedure===
* [[Procedure Relating to Young Accused]] · [[Right of Youth to Notify Parents]]
* [[Procedure for Young Accused]] · [[Right of Youth to Notify Parents]]


===Appeals===
===Appeals===
* '''[[Appeals]]'''
* '''[[Appeals]]'''
* '''Right to Appeal'''
* '''Right to Appeal'''
** [[Right of Appeal for Indictable Offences]] · [[Right of Appeal for Summary Offences]] · [[Right of Appeal of Verdicts or Sentences for Indictable Offences]] · [[Right of Appeal of Verdicts or Sentences for Summary Offences]] · [[Right of Appeal of a Summary Conviction Appeal Decision]]
** [[Right of Appeal of Verdicts or Sentences for Indictable Offences]] · [[Right of Appeal of Verdicts or Sentences for Summary Offences]] · [[Right of Appeal of Verdicts or Sentences for Indictable Offences]] · [[Right of Appeal of Verdicts or Sentences for Summary Offences]] · [[Right of Appeal of a Summary Conviction Appeal Decision]]
* [[Appeals Relating to Young Persons]]
* [[Appeals Relating to Young Persons]]
*[[Standard of Appellate Review|Standard of Review]]  
*[[Standard of Appellate Review|Standard of Review]]  
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===Appendix===
===Appendix===
* [[Criminal Code and Related Definitions|Definitions]] · [[Procedure and Practice Cases|Case Digests]] · [[Procedure and Practice Readings List|Readings]] · [[Criminal Code Forms]] · [[Misc Procedural Provisions]]
* [[Criminal Code and Related Definitions|Definitions]] · [[:Category:Procedure Case Digests|Case Digests]] · [[Procedure and Practice Readings List|Readings]] · [[List of Criminal Code Forms]] · [[Misc Procedural Provisions]]
* [[Precedents and Checklists]]: [[Motions Chart]] · [[Pre-Trial and Trial Motions Checklist|Motions Checklist]] · [[Trial Preparation Checklist]] · [[Bail Checklist]] <!--· [[File Review Checklist]]-->
* [[Precedents and Checklists]]: [[Motions Chart]] · [[Pre-Trial and Trial Motions Checklist|Motions Checklist]] · [[Trial Preparation Checklist]] · [[Bail Checklist]] <!--· [[File Review Checklist]]-->


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===Tools of Sentencing: Available Sentences===
===Tools of Sentencing: Available Sentences===
* [[Alternative Measures]]: [[Extrajudicial Measures for Young Offenders]]
* [[Alternative Measures]]: [[Extrajudicial Measures for Young Offenders]] · [[Remediation Agreements]]
* Sentences: [[Discharges]] ([[Curative Discharges]]) · [[Probation Orders]] ([[Terms and Conditions of Probation|Terms and Conditions]] · [[Restitution]]) · [[Fines]] · [[Imprisonment]] · [[Conditional Sentences]] ([[Terms and Conditions of a Conditional Sentence Order]] · [[Conditional Sentence Breaches]])
* Sentences: [[Discharges]] ([[Curative Discharges]]) · [[Probation Orders]] ([[Terms and Conditions of Probation|Terms and Conditions]] · [[Restitution]]) · [[Fines]] · [[Imprisonment]] · [[Conditional Sentences]] ([[Terms and Conditions of a Conditional Sentence Order]] · [[Conditional Sentence Breaches]])
* [[Concurrent and Consecutive Sentences]] · [[Maximum and Minimum Sentences]] · [[Life Sentences]]
* [[Concurrent and Consecutive Sentences]] · [[Maximum and Minimum Sentences]] · [[Life Sentences]]
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*'''Ancillary Investigative Orders
*'''Ancillary Investigative Orders
** [[DNA Orders]] · [[SOIRA Orders]]
** [[DNA Orders]] ([[List of Primary Designated DNA Offences|Primary Designated Offences]] · [[List of Secondary Designated DNA Offences (Group A)|Secondary Designated Offences, A]]) · [[SOIRA Orders]] ([[SOIRA Notice Convictions Outside Canada|Notices Outside Canada]], [[SOIRA Notice Convictions Pre-December 15, 2004|Notices Pre-2004]])
* '''Ancillary Prohibition Orders'''
* '''Ancillary Prohibition Orders'''
** [[Section 161 Orders]] · [[Weapons Prohibition Orders]] · [[Firearms Prohibition Orders]] · [[Fraud Prohibition Orders]] · [[Animal Prohibition Orders]] · [[Driving Prohibition Orders]]
** [[Section 161 Orders]] · [[Weapons Prohibition Orders]] · [[Firearms Prohibition Orders]] · [[Fraud Prohibition Orders]] · [[Animal Prohibition Orders]] · [[Driving Prohibition Orders]]
*'''Ancillary Fine and Restitution Orders:'''
*'''Ancillary Fine and Restitution Orders:'''
** [[Restitution|Stand-alone Restitution Orders]] · [[Fines#Victim Fine Surcharge|Victim Fine Surcharge]] · [[Fine in Lieu of Forfeiture]]
** [[Restitution|Stand-alone Restitution Orders]] · [[Victim Fine Surcharge]] · [[Fine in Lieu of Forfeiture]]
* '''[[Forfeiture Orders]]'''
* '''[[Forfeiture Orders]]'''
** [[Forfeiture of Proceeds of Crime]] · [[Forfeiture of Offence-related Property]] · [[Forfeiture of Offence-related Property Under the CDSA]] · [[Detention of Things Seized Under Section 490]]
** [[Forfeiture of Proceeds of Crime]] · [[Forfeiture of Offence-related Property]] · [[Forfeiture of Offence-related Property Under the CDSA]] · [[Detention Order for Things Seized Under Section 489 or 487.11]]


===Procedure===
===Procedure===
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===Young Offenders===
===Young Offenders===
* [[Sentencing Young Offenders]] · [[Principles and Purposes of Youth Sentencing]] · [[Youth Pre-Sentence Reports]] · [[Dispositions for Young Offenders]] · [[Adult Sentences for Young Offenders]] · [[Procedure for Young Accused]] · [[Bail for Young Persons]] · [[Custody and Supervision Orders]]
* [[Youth Criminal Justice]] · [[Miscellaneous Authority of a Youth Court Justice]]
* [[Procedure for Young Accused]] · [[Bail for Young Accused]]
* [[Sentencing Young Offenders]] · [[Principles and Purposes of Youth Sentencing]] · [[Youth Pre-Sentence Reports]] · [[Dispositions for Young Offenders]] · [[Adult Sentences for Young Offenders]] · [[Custody and Supervision Orders]]


===Military===
===Military===
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==Full Text By Volume==
==Full Text By Volume==
* [[FULL_TEXT_VOL_1|Volume 1]]: Criminal Law (large page)
* [[Full Text:Volume 1|Volume 1]]: Criminal Law (large page)
* [[FULL_TEXT_VOL_2|Volume 2]]: Evidence (large page)
* [[Full Text:Volume 1.1|Volume 1.1]]: Offence Profiles (large page)
* [[FULL_TEXT_VOL_3|Volume 3]]: Search and Seizure (large page)
** [[Full Text:Volume 1.1A]] (Terrorism, Organized Crime, Weapons)
* [[FULL_TEXT_VOL_4|Volume 4]]: Procedure and Practice (large page)
** [[Full Text:Volume 1.1B]] (Sexual Offences and Disorder Offences)
* [[FULL_TEXT_VOL_5|Volume 5]]: Sentencing (large page)
** [[Full Text:Volume 1.1C]] (Violent Offences and Homicide)
** [[Full Text:Volume 1.1D]] (Administration of Justice Offences)
** [[Full Text:Volume 1.1E]] (Motor Vehicle Offences)
** [[Full Text:Volume 1.1F]] (Property Offences and Corruption Offences)
** [[Full Text:Volume 1.1G]] (Drug Offences)
** [[Full Text:Volume 1.1H]] (Gaming, Hate Speech, Libel, Regulatory)
** [[Full Text:Volume 1.1I]] (Repealed and Unconstitutional Offences)
** [[Full Text:Volume 1.1J]] (Misc Offences)
* [[Full Text:Volume 2|Volume 2]]: Evidence (large page)
* [[Full Text:Volume 3|Volume 3]]: Search and Seizure (large page)
* [[Full Text:Volume 4|Volume 4]]: Procedure and Practice (large page)
** [[Full Text:Volume 4A]] - Police Powers and Bail
** [[Full Text:Volume 4B]] - Pre-trial Matters
** [[Full Text:Volume 4C]] - Preliminiary Inquiry, Trial and Verdict
** [[Full Text:Volume 4D]] - Mental Health
** [[Full Text:Volume 4E]] - Appeals
* [[Full Text:Volume 5|Volume 5]]: Sentencing (large page)
* [[Full Text:Volume 6|Volume 6]]: Case Digests (large page)
* [[Full Text:Volume 7|Volume 7]]: Reference Materials (large page)
 
[[Category:Administrative]]
[[Category:Criminal Law]]

Latest revision as of 15:33, 6 January 2022


Volume I: Criminal Law

Volume II: Evidence

Basic Principles

Forms of Evidence

Limits on the Admissibility of Evidence


Volume III: Search and Seizure

Seizure and Forfeiture Powers

Exclusion of Evidence

Appendix

Volume IV: Procedure and Practice

Arrest, Detention and Release

The Parties in a Proceeding

Disclosure

Courts and Charges

Pre-Hearing Stages

Substantive Hearings

Mental Health Issues

Youth Procedure

Appeals

Appendix

Volume V: Sentencing

Principles and Factors

Tools of Sentencing: Available Sentences

Tools of Sentencing: Ancillary Orders

Procedure

Serving Sentences and Afterwards

Young Offenders

Military

Appendix

Full Text By Volume