Every person charged with a crime has a right to a fair trial before an impartial tribunal. This right includes the right to an impartial jury.
The right to a jury is protected by s. 1(d) which guarantees the right to be tried by an "independent and impartial tribunal" and s. 11(f) which guarantees the right to a jury that is "impartial and representative".
A jury selected to decide a case as the trier-of-fact is formally known as a "petit jury". It usually consists of 12 persons. The petit jury is selected at random from a "jury panel" who is a group of several hundred people selected from the "jury roll".
R v Sherratt, 1991 CanLII 86 (SCC),  1 SCR 509, per L'Heureux-Dube J, at para 57
R v Douse, 2009 CanLII 34990 (ON SC), 246 CCC (3d) 227, per Durno J, at para 40
Sherratt, supra, at para 35
R v Pan, 2014 ONSC 1393 (CanLII), per Boswell J, at paras 34 to 37
- R v Barrow, 1987 CanLII 11 (SCC),  2 SCR 694, per curiam, at p. 714
- R v Barnes, 1999 CanLII 3782 (ON CA), 138 CCC (3d) 500, per Moldaver JA, at para 30