List of Criminal Code Amendments

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Admendments to the Criminal Code. This list is current to January 1, 2015. For amendments to other legislation see List of Legislative Amendments.

There are six versions of the Criminal Code since its inception:

  • Criminal Code, 1892, S.C. 1892, c. 29
  • Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1906, c. 146
  • Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1927, c. 36
  • Criminal Code, S.C. 1953-54, c. 51
  • Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1970, c. C-34
  • Criminal Code, R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46

Pending Amendments

Act Name Citation Royal Assent In force Summary Amended Code Sec. Amendment Text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (mischief) (Bill C-305) N/A N/A "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to add to the offence of mischief relating to religious property the act of mischief in relation to property that is used for educational purposes, for administrative, social, cultural or sports activities or events or as a residence for seniors." Adds s. 430(4.‍101) draft text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (victim surcharge) (Bill C-28) N/A N/A The amendments intend to "a) allow the court to exempt an offender from the payment of a victim surcharge in cases where the offender satisfies the court that the payment would cause the offender undue hardship and to provide the court with guidance with respect to what constitutes undue hardship;... provide that a victim surcharge is to be paid for each offence, with an exception for certain administration of justice offences if the total amount of surcharges imposed on an offender for these types of offences would be disproportionate in the circumstances; ...require courts to provide reasons for the application of any exception for certain administration of justice offences or any exemption from the payment of a victim surcharge; and... clarify that these amendments apply to any offender who is sentenced after the day on which the amendments come into force, regardless of whether or not the offence was committed before that day." It replaces s. 673(b), 737(1), (1.1), (9), 785(b) . It adds s. 737(5), (6), (6.1), (6.2), (10). draft text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (drug-impaired driving) (Bill S-230) N/A N/A The amendments "authorize the use of an approved screening device to detect the presence of drugs in the body of a person who was operating a vehicle or who had the care or control of a vehicle. It also authorizes the taking of samples of bodily substances to determine the concentration of drugs in a person’s body, based on physical coordination tests and the result of the analysis conducted using an approved screening device." It replaces s. 254(1) [approved screening device], 254(2), 254(3.4). draft text
An Act related to the repeal of section 159 of the Criminal Code (Bill C-32) N/A N/A The amendments intend to "repeal section 159 and to provide that no person shall be convicted of any historical offence of a sexual nature unless the act that constitutes the offence would constitute an offence under the Criminal Code if it were committed on the day on which the charge was laid. It also makes consequential amendments to that Act, the Corrections and Conditional Release Act and the Youth Criminal Justice Act." It replaces s. 7(4.1), 150.1(5), 161(1.1)(a), 273.3.(1)(c), 274, 275, 276(1), 277, 287.2(1)(a), 486(3), 486.4(1)(a)(i), 810.1(1). It adds s. 156. draft text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (sentencing for violent offences against Aboriginal women) (Bill S-215) N/A N/A The amendment adds the requirement for "a court, when imposing a sentence for certain violent offences, to consider the fact that the victim is an Aboriginal woman to be an aggravating circumstance". The Act adds s. 239.1 and 273.01 to the Code. draft text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (detention in custody) (Bill S-217) N/A N/A This amendment to the code intends to "expand the grounds for the justification of detention in custody; ...require that, in any proceeding under section 515, the prosecutor lead evidence to prove the fact that the accused has failed to appear in court when required to do so and the fact that the accused has previously been convicted of a criminal offence or has been charged with and is awaiting trial for another criminal offence; and ...require that a court, when exercising its discretion to grant credit for time spent in custody in determining the sentence to be imposed on a person convicted of an offence, consider the reasons for detaining the person in custody". It amends s. 515(10)‍(c). draft text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (protection of children against standard child-rearing violence) (Bill S-206) N/A N/A This amendment to the Code "removes the justification in the Criminal Code available to schoolteachers, parents and persons standing in the place of parents of using force as a means of correction toward a pupil or child under their care." (see Corrective Force, re s. 43 of Code) It repeals s. 43. draft text
An Act to amend the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Criminal Code (Bill C-16) N/A N/A This amendment to the Code aims to "extend the protection against hate propaganda set out in that Act to any section of the public that is distinguished by gender identity or expression and to clearly set out that evidence that an offence was motivated by bias, prejudice or hate based on gender identity or expression constitutes an aggravating circumstance that a court must take into consideration when it imposes a sentence." It replaces s. 318(4) and 718.2(a)(i) draft text

See also Dormant Amendments below for more laws awaiting order in council.

2015 to Present

Act Name Citation Royal Assent In force Summary Amended Code Sec. Amendment Text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code and to make related amendments to other Acts (medical assistance in dying) 2016, c. 3 (Bill C-14) June 17, 2016 s. 4 and 5 of the Act [relates to s. 241.‍31 and 241.4(2) of Code] is in force on June 17, 2017 The amendment amends the Criminal Code to, "...create exemptions from the offences of culpable homicide, of aiding suicide and of administering a noxious thing, in order to permit medical practitioners and nurse practitioners to provide medical assistance in dying and to permit pharmacists and other persons to assist in the process;...specify the eligibility criteria and the safeguards that must be respected before medical assistance in dying may be provided to a person; ...require that medical practitioners and nurse practitioners who receive requests for, and pharmacists who dispense substances in connection with the provision of, medical assist­ance in dying provide information for the purpose of permitting the monitoring of medical assistance in dying, and authorize the Minister of Health to make regulations respecting that information; and ... create new offences for failing to comply with the safeguards, for forging or destroying documents related to medical assistance in dying, for failing to provide the required information and for contravening the regulations." It replaces s. 14, 241, 241.1, 241.2, 241.3, 241.4, 241.‍31 adds s. 227, and modifies s. 241.4(2), 245 official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (law enforcement animals, military animals and service animals) 2015, c. 34 (Bill C-35) June 23, 2015 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to better protect law enforcement animals, military animals and service animals and to ensure that offenders who harm those animals or assault peace officers are held fully accountable." It adds s. 270.03, 445.01 and 718.03 official text
Zero Tolerance for Barbaric Cultural Practices Act 2015, c. 29 (Bill S-7) June 18, 2015 July 16, 2015 [PC No. 2015-1073] Amends Criminal Code to "clarify that it is an offence for an officiant to knowingly solemnize a marriage in contravention of federal law; provide that it is an offence to celebrate, aid or participate in a marriage rite or ceremony knowing that one of the persons being married is doing so against their will or is under the age of 16 years; provide that it is an offence to remove a child from Canada with the intention that an act be committed outside Canada that, if it were committed in Canada, would constitute the offence of celebrating, aiding or participating in a marriage rite or ceremony knowing that the child is doing so against their will or is under the age of 16 years; provide that a judge may order a person to enter into a recognizance with conditions to keep the peace and be of good behaviour for the purpose of preventing the person from committing an offence relating to the marriage of a person against their will or the marriage of a person under the age of 16 years or relating to the removal of a child from Canada with the intention of committing an act that, if it were committed in Canada, would be such an offence; and provide that the defence of provocation is restricted to circumstances in which the victim engaged in conduct that would constitute an indictable offence under the Criminal Code that is punishable by five years or more in prison. ". The amendment involves replacing s. 150.1(2.1), 232(2), 232(3)(a), 295, and 811. It also adds s. 150.1(2.2), 293.1, 293.2, and 810.02 and it changes s. 273.3(1). official text
Tougher Penalties for Child Predators Act 2015, c. 23 (C-26) June 18, 2015 July 16, 2015 (s. 2 to 19) [PC No. 2015-1074]
December 1, 2016 (s. 21 to 28) [PC No. 2016-0989]
Amends the Criminal Code to "increase mandatory minimum penalties and maximum penalties for certain sexual offences against children; increase maximum penalties for violations of prohibition orders, probation orders and peace bonds; clarify and codify the rules regarding the imposition of consecutive and concurrent sentences; require courts to impose, in certain cases, consecutive sentences on offenders who commit sexual offences against children; and ensure that a court that imposes a sentence must take into consideration evidence that the offence in question was committed while the offender was subject to a conditional sentence order or released on parole, statutory release or unescorted temporary absence." Creates a public database of child sex offenders under the High Risk Child Sex Offender Database Act. It amends s. 151, 152, 153, 160, 161, 163.1, 170, 171, 171.1, 172, 172.1, 172.2, 212, 271, 272, 718.2, 718.3, 733.1, and 811. official text
Anti-terrorism Act, 2015 2015, c. 20 (Bill C-51) June 18, 2015 July 1 and August 1, 2015 [PC# 2015-1053] The Act "amends the Criminal Code to, with respect to recognizances to keep the peace relating to a terrorist activity or a terrorism offence, extend their duration, provide for new thresholds, authorize a judge to impose sureties and require a judge to consider whether it is desirable to include in a recognizance conditions regarding passports and specified geographic areas. With respect to all recognizances to keep the peace, the amendments also allow hearings to be conducted by video conference and orders to be transferred to a judge in a territorial division other than the one in which the order was made and increase the maximum sentences for breach of those recognizances. It further amends the Criminal Code to provide for an offence of knowingly advocating or promoting the commission of terrorism offences in general. It also provides a judge with the power to order the seizure of terrorist propaganda or, if the propaganda is in electronic form, to order the deletion of the propaganda from a computer system. Finally, it amends the Criminal Code to provide for the increased protection of witnesses, in particular of persons who play a role in respect of proceedings involving security information or criminal intelligence information, and makes consequential amendments to other Acts." It amended s. 2, 83.3(7.1), (8.1), 83.31(2), (3), 487.04, 810.01(8), 810.011(6), 811(a), (b), added s. 83.221 to 83.223, 83.3(11.1), (11.2), 486.7, 810.011, 810.21, 810.22, and replaces s. 83.3(2)(a), (b), 83.3(4), 83.3(8)(a), (b), (12), 195(1)(a), (b), 486(1), 810.01(1) official text
An Act to enact the Canadian Victims Bill of Rights and to amend certain Acts 2015, c. 13 (Bill C-32) April 23, 2015 July 23, 2015 (some s. delayed, see s. 37 to 44 of Act) [PC# 2015-0846 and 2016-0366] "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to... align the definition of “victim” with the definition of “victim” in the Canadian Victims Bill of Rights... protect the privacy and security interests of complainants and witnesses in proceedings involving certain sexual offences and ensure that they are informed of their right to be represented by legal counsel... broaden the conduct to which the offence of intimidation of justice system participants applies... expand the list of factors that a court may take into consideration when determining whether an exclusion order is in the interest of the proper administration of justice... make testimonial aids more accessible to vulnerable witnesses... enable witnesses to testify using a pseudonym in appropriate cases... make publication bans for victims under the age of 18 mandatory on application... provide that an order for judicial interim release must indicate that the safety and security of every victim was taken into consideration... require the court to inquire of the prosecutor if reasonable steps have been taken to inform the victims of any plea agreement entered into by the accused and the prosecutor in certain circumstances... add victim impact statement forms to assist victims to convey their views at sentencing proceedings and at hearings held by Review Boards... provide that the acknowledgment of the harm done to the victims and to the community is a sentencing objective... clarify the provisions relating to victim impact statements... allow for community impact statements to be considered for all offences... provide that victims may request a copy of a judicial interim release order, probation order or a conditional sentence order... specify that the victim surcharge must be paid within the reasonable time established by the lieutenant governor of the province in which it is imposed... provide a form for requesting a restitution order; and... provide that courts must consider the making of a restitution order in all cases, and that, in multiple victim cases, a restitution order may specify the amounts owed to each victim and designate the priority of payment among the victims." It also creates certain rights for victims in criminal proceedings. It adds s. 2.2, 278.4(2.1), 486.31, 515(13), 606(4.1) to (4.4), 737.1, 739.1 to 739.4, and Form 48.1 in Part XXVIII. It replaces s. 287.2(1), (1)(b), 287.3(5), 287.5(2), 278.6(3), 278.7(2), (3), 423.1(1), 486(2), 486.1(1) to (3), 486.2, 486.3(1) to (4.1), 486.4(1), (1)(a), (1)(b), (2), 486.5(1), (2), (7)(b), 672.5(14), 718 (a), (f), 718.2(e), 722, 722.2, 732.1(5)(a), 737(4), 741, 741.1, 742.3(3)(a), Form 34.1 in Part XXVIII. It repeals s. 380.3, 380.4, 423.1(2), 672.5(16), 745.63(2). official text
Miscellaneous Statute Law Amendment Act, 2014 2015, c. 3 (Bill C-47) February 26, 2015 on Royal Assent The amendment means to "correct certain anomalies, inconsistencies and errors and to deal with other matters of a non-controversial and uncomplicated nature in the Statutes of Canada and to repeal certain provisions that have expired, lapsed or otherwise ceased to have effect". It amends s. 2, 84(1), 164(8), 493, 552, schedule to Part XXV, it replaces s. 188(4)(c), (e), 287(6)(a), 320(8), 482(2)(l), 745.6(3)(c), (e), 812(1)(c), (f) , (g). official text
Act to amend the Criminal Code (assaults against public transit operators) 2015, c. 1 (Bill S-221) February 25th, 2015 February 25th, 2015 "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to require a court to consider the fact that the victim of an assault [offences under s. 264.1(1)(a) or any of sections 266 to 269] is a public transit operator to be an aggravating circumstance for the purposes of sentencing." It adds s. 269.01. official text

2010 to 2014

Act Name Citation Royal Assent In force Summary Amended Code Sec. Amendment Text
Protecting Canadians from Online Crime Act 2014, c. 31 (Bill C-13) December 9, 2014 March 9, 2015 The "enactment amends the Criminal Code to provide...for ... a new offence of non-consensual distribution of intimate images as well as complementary amendments to authorize the removal of such images from the Internet and the recovery of expenses incurred to obtain the removal of such images, the forfeiture of property used in the commission of the offence, a recognizance order to be issued to prevent the distribution of such images and the restriction of the use of a computer or the Internet by a convicted offender;... the power to make preservation demands and orders to compel the preservation of electronic evidence;...new production orders to compel the production of data relating to the transmission of communications and the location of transactions, individuals or things; ...a warrant that will extend the current investigative power for data associated with telephones to transmission data relating to all means of telecommunications; ... warrants that will enable the tracking of transactions, individuals and things and that are subject to legal thresholds appropriate to the interests at stake; and ... a streamlined process of obtaining warrants and orders related to an authorization to intercept private communications by ensuring that those warrants and orders can be issued by a judge who issues the authorization and by specifying that all documents relating to a request for a related warrant or order are automatically subject to the same rules respecting confidentiality as the request for authorization." It adds s. 4(8), 162.1, 162.2, 186(8), 187(8), 188(6), 342.2(4), Form 5.001 to 5.0091, replaces s. 164(1), (3) to (5), (7), 164.1(5), (7), 320.1(1), (5), (7), 327 , 342.1(1), 342.2(1), (2), 371, 372, 430(1.1), 430(5), (5.1), (8), 487.011 to 487.02, header of 487.1, 487.3(1)(b), 492.1, 492.2, 810(1), it modifies s. 164(8), 164.1(1), 164.2(1), 183, 342.1(2), 487.3(1) 738(1) and repeals s. 326(2), 342.1(2). official text
Protection of Communities and Exploited Persons Act 2014, c. 25 (Bill C-36) November 6th, 2014 December 6th, 2014 "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to ... create an offence that prohibits purchasing sexual services or communicating in any place...; create an offence that prohibits receiving a material benefit that derived from the commission of this [purchasing offence]; create an offence that prohibits the advertisement of sexual services offered for sale and to authorize the courts to order the seizure of materials containing such advertisements and their removal from the Internet; modernize the offence that prohibits the procurement of persons for the purpose of prostitution; create an offence that prohibits communicating... for the purpose of selling sexual services ... [in a public place where children frequent]; ...and specify that, for the purposes of certain offences, a weapon includes any thing used, designed to be use or intended for use in binding or tying up a person against their will." It modifies s. 2(b), 212(2), (4), 150.1(5), 161(1.1)(a), 183, 274, 278.2(1)(a), 486(3), 486.4(1)(a) and (b), 486.04, 490.011(1), 810.1(1). It adds 161(1.1)(d), 286.1 to 286.5, 487.04 segments, 752 segments. It replaces s. 164(1), (3) to (5), (7), (8), 164.1(1), (5), (7), 171.1(1)(a), 172.1(1)(a), 172.2(1)(a), 197(1) definitions, 213(1), 278.2(1), 279.02, 279.03, 487.04 segments, 487.051, 490.012(1), (2), (3)(a), 490.013(2.1), 490.02904(3)(d), 753.1(2)(a), Form 5.04 (b)(iii), Form 53 segments. It repeals s. 197(1) definitions, 212, 487.04 segments, 490.011(1) segments, 752 segments. official text
Tackling Contraband Tobacco Act 2014, c. 23 (Bill C-10) November 6, 2014 April 10, 2015 [PC# 2015-0339] Amends Code to "create a new offence of trafficking in contraband tobacco and to provide for minimum penalties of imprisonment for repeat offenders". It amends s. 2, adds s. 121.1. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code and the Corrections and Conditional Release Act (restrictions on offenders) 2014, c. 21 (Bill C-489) June 19, 2014 September 19, 2014 "This enactment amends section 161 of the Criminal Code to require a court to consider making an order prohibiting certain offenders from being within two kilometres, or any other distance specified in the order, of any dwellinghouse where the victim identified in the order resides or of any other place specified in the order. It also amends subsection 732.1(2) (probation) to ensure that the offender abstains from communicating with any victim, witness or other person identified in a probation order, or refrains from going to any place specified in the order, except in accordance with certain conditions. It makes similar amendments to section 742.3 (conditional sentence orders) and subsection 810.1(3.02) (conditions of recognizance)." It amends Code provisions relating to probation orders, conditional sentence orders, peace bonds, and 161 orders requiring judges to put restrictions on accused against being near or contacting victims or witnesses. It adds 161(1)(a.1), 732.1(2)(a.1), 732.1(2.1), (2.2), 742.3(1.1) to (1.3), and 810.1(3.02)(b.1). official text
Combating Counterfeit Products Act 2014, c. 32 (Bill C-8) November 6, 2014 January 1, 2015 [PC# 2014-1451] Consequential amendments to the Code relating to new offences in the Copyright and Trade-marks Act. It amends s. 183. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code and the National Defence Act (criminal organization recruitment) 2014, c. 17 (Bill C-394) June 19, 2014 On Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to make it an offence to recruit, solicit, encourage, coerce or invite a person to join a criminal organization. It establishes a penalty for that offence and a more severe penalty for the recruitment of persons who are under 18 years of age. This enactment also makes a related amendment to the National Defence Act." It amends s. 2, 183, 185, 186, 462.48(1.1), 467.1(2), 467.2(1), 467.2(2), 487.04(a.1).

It adds s. 467.111. It replaces s. 467.14, 486.2(5)(a), 515(6)(a)(ii), 743.6(1.1), 743.6(1.2).

official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (mischief relating to war memorials) 2014, c. 9 (Bill C-217) June 19, 2014 On Royal Assent Enacts "the offence of committing mischief in relation to a war memorial or cenotaph". It adds s. 430(4.11). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (personating peace officer or public officer) 2014, c. 17 (Bill C-444) June 19, 2014 On Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to establish that personating a police officer or a public officer for the purpose of committing another offence must be considered by a court to be an aggravating circumstance for sentencing purposes." It adds 130.1 which increases penalties for the offence of personating peace officers. official text
Not Criminally Responsible Reform Act 2014, c. 6 (Bill C-14) April 10, 2014 July 10, 2014 "This enactment amends the mental disorder regime in the Criminal Code and the National Defence Act to specify that the paramount consideration in the decision-making process is the safety of the public and to create a scheme for finding that certain persons who have been found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder are high-risk accused. It also enhances the involvement of victims in the regime and makes procedural and technical amendments." It creates new consideration of "high risk" offenders found to be NCR. It amends 672.1(1), 672.11(d.1), 672.121, 672.54, Form 48, Form 48.1. It replaces s. 672.5(1), 672.5(15.2) to (16), 672.51(1), 672.5401, 672.75, 672.76(2)(a), 672.81(1.4) (1.5), 672.88, 672.89. It added 672.21(3)(c), 672.47(4), (5), 672.5(5.2), 672.5(13.3), 672.541, 672.542, 672.56(1.1), 672.64, 672.76(2)(a.1), 672.84. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (kidnapping of young person) 2013, c. 32 (Bill C-299) June 26, 2013 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to prescribe a minimum punishment of five years when a kidnap victim is under sixteen years of age, unless the person who commits the offence is a parent, guardian or person having the lawful care or charge of the victim." It amends s. 279 on kidnapping. official text
Strengthening Military Justice in the Defence of Canada Act 2013, c. 24 (Bill C-15) June 19, 2013 October 18, 2013 (s. 17, 97 and 104), June 1, 2014 (remainder) Minor grammatical edits. It makes minor edits to french wording in s. 5 of Form 52 official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (prize fights) 2013, c. 19 (Bill S-209) June 19, 2013 August 20, 2012 The amendment "expand[s] the list of permitted sports under the prize fighting provisions". It replaces s. 83(2). official text
Preventing Persons from Concealing Their Identity during Riots and Unlawful Assemblies Act 2013, c. 15 (C-309) June 19, 2013 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to make it an offence to wear a mask or other disguise to conceal one’s identity while taking part in a riot or an unlawful assembly." Amends Code to include an offence for wearing a disguise or mask when participating in a riot or unlawful assembly It amends s. 65 and 66. official text
Nuclear Terrorism Act 2013, c. 13 (Bill S-9) June 19, 2013 November 1, 2013 [PC# 2013-0983] "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to create four new offences relating to nuclear terrorism in order to implement the Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism." It amends s. 2, 183, 487.04, 607(6), adds s. 7(2.21), 82.2 to 82.7, it replaces s. 83.01(1)(a)(v), it repeals s. 7(3.2) to (3.6). official text
Increasing Offenders’ Accountability for Victims Act 2013, c. 11 (Bill C-37) June 19, 2013 October 24, 2013 [PC# 2013-1061] This Act amends s. 737 to require victim fine surcharges upon sentencing in all cases. It replaces s. 673(b), 737(1), 737(2)(a) and (b), 785(b), it repeals s. 737(5) and (6), 737(10), it amends s. 737(9) official text
Combating Terrorism Act 2013, c. 9 (Bill S-7) April 25, 2013 July 15, 2013 "This enactment replaces sections 83.28 to 83.3 of the Criminal Code to provide for an investigative hearing for the purpose of gathering information for an investigation of a terrorism offence and to allow for the imposition of a recognizance with conditions on a person to prevent them from carrying out a terrorist activity. In addition, the enactment provides for those sections to cease to have effect or for the possible extension of their operation. The enactment also provides that the Attorney General of Canada and the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness include in their respective annual reports their opinion on whether those sections should be extended. It also amends the Criminal Code to create offences of leaving or attempting to leave Canada to commit certain terrorism offences." It adds s. 83.31(1.1), (3.1). It replaces s. 7(2)(b) and (c), 83.08(2), 83.1(1), 83.23, 83.28, 83.29, 83.3, 83.32(1) to (2), 83.32(4), 83.33, 462.48(2)(d). It amends s. 183, 487.04 segments. It adds s. 83.181, 83.191, 83.201, 83.202. It repeals s. 83.1(2) official text
Response to the Supreme Court of Canada Decision in R v Tse Act 2013, c. 8 (Bill C-55) March 27, 2013 s. 5 (Sept 27, 2013) remainder (Mar 27, 2013) "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to provide, in response to the Supreme Court’s decision in R. v. Tse, safeguards related to the authority to intercept private communications without prior judicial authorization under section 184.4 of that Act. Notably, the enactment... requires the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness and the Attorney General of each province to report on the interceptions of private communications made under section 184.4... provides that a person who has been the object of such an interception must be notified of the interception within a specified period... narrows the class of individuals who can make such an interception; and... limits those interceptions to offences listed in section 183 of the Criminal Code." It replaces s. 184.4, 195(1), (2), (3), (5). It adds s. 195(2.1), 196.1. It modifies s. 183, 191(2)(a) and (b.1). official text
Protecting Canada's Seniors Act 2012, c. 29 (Bill C-36) December 14, 2012 January 13, 2013 "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to add vulnerability due to age as an aggravating circumstance for sentencing purposes." It adds s. 718.2(a)(iii.1). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (trafficking in persons) 2012, c. 15 (Bill C-310) June 28, 2012 June 28, 2012 extends scope of trafficking in persons offences to include those operating outside of Canada. It amended s. 7(4.1) and 279.04 official text
Citizen's Arrest and Self-Defence Act 2012 c. 9 (Bill C-26) June 28, 2012 March 11, 2013 [PC# 2013-0016] "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to enable a person who owns or has lawful possession of property, or persons authorized by them, to arrest within a reasonable time a person whom they find committing a criminal offence on or in relation to that property. It also amends the Criminal Code to simplify the provisions relating to the defences of property and persons." It replaces s. 34 to 42, 494(2), it adds s. 494(4). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code and the Firearms Act (Ending the Long-gun Registry Act) 2012, c. 6 (Bill C-19) April 5, 2012 April 5, 2012 It removes requirements relating to the "requirement to register firearms that are neither prohibited nor restricted". It replaces s. 91(1),(4)(b)(ii), (5), 92(1), (4)(b)(ii), 94(1)(2)(a)(i) and (ii), 95(1), 106(1)(a) and (b), 108(3) and 117.03(1) and (2). It repeals s. 92(5) and (6), 94(5). official text
Safe Streets and Communities Act 2012, c. 1 (Bill C-10) Mar 13, 2012 June 13, 2012 (s. 52 to 107, 147) [PC# 2012-0770]
August 9, 2012 (s. 10 to 31 and 35 to 38) [PC# 2012-0841]
October 23, 2012 (s. 167 to 203) [PC# 2012-0841]
November 6, 2012 (s. 32(1), 33, 39 to 47, 49 and 50) [PC# 2012-0841]
November 20, 2012 (s. 34) [PC# 2012-0841]
February 28, 2013 (s. 160) [PC# 2013-0121]
The Act "amends the Criminal Code to... increase or impose mandatory minimum penalties, and increase maximum penalties, for certain sexual offences with respect to children;... create offences of making sexually explicit material available to a child and of agreeing or arranging to commit a sexual offence against a child;... expand the list of specified conditions that may be added to prohibition and recognizance orders to include prohibitions concerning contact with a person under the age of 16 and use of the Internet or any other digital network;... expand the list of enumerated offences that may give rise to such orders and prohibitions; and... eliminate the reference, in section 742.1, to serious personal injury offences and to restrict the availability of conditional sentences for all offences for which the maximum term of imprisonment is 14 years or life and for specified offences, prosecuted by way of indictment, for which the maximum term of imprisonment is 10 years." Most amendments are changes to the sentencing provisions of child-related sex offences and serious offences with available Conditional Sentences. It amends s. 7(4.1), 161(1), 161(1.1)(a), 164.2(1), 172.1(1), 183, 271, 272(2), 273(2), 486(3), 487.04(a), 752, 810.1(1), and Form 5.04. It replaces s. 151(a), (b), 152(a), (b), 153(1.1)(a), (b), 155(2), 160(3), 163.1(2)(b), 163.1(3)(b), 163.1(4)(a) and (b), 163.1(4.1)(a) and (b), 170(a) and (b), 171(b), 172.1(2), 173, 515(4.1)(c), 515(6)(d), 553(c)(xi), 742.1, 753.1(2)(a), 810.1(3.02)(a). It adds s. 171.1, 172.2. official text
Fair and Efficient Criminal Trials Act 2011, c. 16 (Bill C-2) June 26, 2011 s. 2,4-6, 7(2),(4), 10, 11, and 14-16 (August 15, 2011) and remaining (Oct 24, 2011) [PC# 2011-0827] Creates power to appoint case mgmt judge with certain powers. Makes additions to protect jurors more and increases available numbers. Binds re-trials to previous voir dires. it adds s. 523(1.2) and 551.1 to 551.8, 631(2.1), 652.1 and 653.1. Replaces s. 523(2), 601, 631(3), (3.1), (5), and (6), 640(2.2), 641, 642.1(1), 643(1), 669.2(3) and (4) and 795. official text
Response to the Supreme Court of Canada Decision in R v Shoker Act 2011, c. 7 (Bill C-30) March 23, 2011 March 12, 2015 [PC# 2014-1449] "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to allow a court to require that an offender or defendant provide a sample of a bodily substance on the demand of peace officers, probation officers, supervisors or designated persons, or at regular intervals, in order to enforce compliance with a prohibition on consuming drugs or alcohol imposed in a probation order, a conditional sentence order or a recognizance under section 810, 810.01, 810.1 or 810.2 of that Act." It adds s. 729.1, 732.1(7) to (12), 732.11, 742.3(5) to (10), 742.31, 810(3.1), (3.2), 810.1(3.02)(f), (g), 810.2(4.1)(f), (g), 810.3, 810.4, 811.1 and Form 51. Replaces s. 732.1(3)(c), 742.3(2)(a), 810(3), 810(4), and 810.01(4.1). official text
Standing up for Victims of White Collar Crime Act 2011, c. 6 (Bill C-21)
SI/2011-82
March 23, 2011 November 1, 2011 [PC# 2011-1121] Adds mandatory minimum for fraud over one million and amends the aggravating factors found in s. 380.1. Creates prohibition orders under 380.2, more restitution orders under s. 380.3 and community impact statements under s. 380.4. official text
Protecting Canadians by Ending Sentence Discounts for Multiple Murders Act 2011, c. 5 (Bill C-48) March 23, 2011 December 2, 2011 [PC# 2011-1383] Amendments with respect to "parole inadmissibility period for offenders convicted of multiple murders". It add s. 675(2.3), 676(6), 745.21, and 745.51. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code and another Act 2011, c. 2 (Bill S-6) December 2, 2011 on Royal Assent [PC# 2011-1384] The act "amends the Criminal Code with regard to the right of persons convicted of murder or high treason to be eligible to apply for early parole". It adds s. 745.01(2), 745.21, 745.51, 745.6(1)(a.1), 745.6(2.1) to (2.8). It also replaces s. 745.6(1), 745.61(1), (2), (3) to (5), 745.63(6)(a) and 745.63(8). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (justification for detention in custody) 2010, c. 20 (Bill C-464) December 15, 2010 December 15, 2010 The Act "amends the Criminal Code to provide that the detention of an accused in custody may be justified where it is necessary for the protection or safety of the public, including any person under the age of 18 years." It replaces s. 515(10)(b). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (suicide bombings) 2010, c. 19 (Bill S-215) December 15, 2010 November 30, 2011 [PC# 2011-1322] The act "clarif[ies] that suicide bombings fall within the definition terrorist activity." It adds s. 83.01(1.2) official text
Protecting Victims From Sex Offenders Act 2010, c. 17 (Bill S-2) December 15, 2010 April 15, 2011 It amends he Criminal Code to "enhance police investigation of crimes of a sexual nature and allow police services to use the national database proactively to prevent crimes of a sexual nature", "require[s] sex offenders arriving in Canada to comply with" SOIRA, and "provide[s] that sex offenders who are subject to a mandatory requirement to comply with the Sex Offender Information Registration Act are also subject to a mandatory requirement to provide a sample for forensic DNA analysis". The act replaces s. 173(2), 490.012, 490.013(3), 490.014, 490.015(1)(c), 490.015(4), 490.016(1), (3), 490.017(2), 490.023(2), (4), 490.024(2), 490.025, 490.026(1), (5), 490.027(1), (3), 490.029(2). It adds s. 490.02901 to 490.02911. It also amends s. 487.04, 490.011(1), 490.018(1)(d), 490.019. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (auto theft and trafficking in property obtained by crime) 2010, c. 14 (Bill S-9) November 18, 2010 April 29, 2011 The act "create[s] offences in connection with the theft of a motor vehicle, the alteration, removal or obliteration of a vehicle identification number, the trafficking of property or proceeds obtained by crime and the possession of such property or proceeds for the purposes of trafficking, and to provide for an in rem prohibition of the importation or exportation of such property or proceeds". It amends s. 183. It adds s. 333.1, 353.1, 355.1 to 355.5. It replaces s. 462.3(3)(b)(i), 462.34(7), 462.48(1.1)(b), 491.2(1), and 593(1). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (minimum sentence for offences involving trafficking of persons under the age of eighteen years) 2010, c. 3 (Bill C-268) June 29, 2010 June 29, 2010 The act creates "minimum punishment of imprisonment for a term of five years for offences involving trafficking of persons under the age of eighteen years". It amends s. 183, 487.04, 490.011(1), and 752. It adds s. 279.011. It replaces s. 279.02, 279.03, 486(3), 486.4(1)(a)(i) official text

2005 to 2009

Act Name Citation Royal Assent In force Summary Amended Code Sec. Amendment Text
Truth in Sentencing Act 2009, c. 29 October 22, 2009 February 22, 2010 The act "specif[ies] the extent to which a court may take into account time spent in custody by an offender before sentencing". It adds s. 515(9.1). It replaces s. 719(3) and Form 21 in Part XXVIII. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (identity theft and related misconduct) 2009, c. 28 (Bill C-27) October 22, 2009 January 8, 2010 The changes to the Code "create offences of identity theft, trafficking in identity information and unlawful possession or trafficking in certain government-issued identity documents, to clarify and expand certain offences related to identity theft and identity fraud, to exempt certain persons from liability for certain forgery offences, and to allow for an order that the offender make restitution to a victim of identity theft or identity fraud for the expenses associated with rehabilitating their identity". It adds s. 56.1, 356 (3), 366(5), 368.1, and 368.2, 402.1, and 402.2. It also replaces s. 130, 342(3), 342(4), 342.01(1), 356(1), 368(1), 369, and 403. It amends s. 183 and 738(1). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (organized crime and protection of justice system participants) 2009, c. 22 June 23, 2009 October 2, 2009 The amendments to the Code "add to the sentencing provisions for murder so that any murder committed in connection with a criminal organization is first degree murder, regardless of whether it is planned and deliberate; to create offences of intentionally discharging a firearm while being reckless about endangering the life or safety of another person, of assaulting a peace officer with a weapon or causing bodily harm and of aggravated assault of a peace officer; and to extend the duration of a recognizance to up to two years for a person who it is suspected will commit a criminal organization offence, a terrorism offence or an intimidation offence under section 423.1 if they were previously convicted of such an offence, and to clarify that the recognizance may include conditions such as electronic monitoring, participation in a treatment program and a requirement to remain in a specified geographic area." It adds s. 2.1, 244.2, 270.01, 270.02, 718.02 replaces s. 84(1), (5)(b), 85(1), 231(6.01) to (6.2), 239(2)(b), 244(3)(b), 272(3)(b), 279(1.2)(b), 344(2)(b), 346(1.2)(b), 515(6)(a)(vii), 810.01(3), 810.01(5) to (5.2) and it amends s. 183, 487.04. official text
Budget Implementation Act 2009, c. 2 March 12, 2009 on Royal Assent Consequential amendments to the Code relating to larger changes to the Competition Act. It amends s. 183 official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (criminal procedure, language of the accused, sentencing and other amendments) 2008, c. 18 (Bill C-13) May 29, 2008 May 29, July 2, and October 1, 2008 "This enactment amends various provisions of the Criminal Code in relation to criminal procedure, language of the accused, sentencing and other matters." It adds s. 255(3.1), 259(2.1), 507.1(11), 530.01, 503.1(c.1), 530.2, 533.1, 537(1.01), 634(2.2), 683(7), 685(2), 695(2) and (3), 715(2.1), 720(2), 743.21. It replaces s. 4(7), 145(3), 164.2(1), 202(1)(i), 204(2), 259(1.1) to (1.4), 259(2)(a), 259(4), 351, 481.2, 487(2), (4), 487.03(1), (1.1), 490(17), 530(3), (5), (6), 530.1, 530.1(d) and (e), 531, 565(2) and (3), 568, 569 640(2) to (3), 676(1.1), 683(5) to (5.1), 701.1, 732.1(5) and (6), 734(5), 734.2, 742.3(3) and (4), 743.5(1), 743.5(3), 787(1), 803(2) and (3), Form 12. It repeals s. 117.13(4), (5), 487.055(6), 501(5), 509(3), 701(3), 729(4) and (5), 742.6(6) and (7). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (cruelty to animals) 2008, c. 12 (S-203) April 17, 2008 on Royal Assent The "enactment amends the Criminal Code to increase the maximum penalties for animal cruelty offences." It replaces s. 444, 445, 445.1, 446, 447, and 447.1. official text
Tackling Violent Crime Act 2008, c. 6 (C-2)
SI/2008-34
February 28, 2008 May 1, 2008 (s. 1 to 17, 28 to 38, 57, 58)
July 2, 2008 (s. 18 to 27, 39 to 53, 55, 56, 59, and 60)
"This enactment amends the Criminal Code by... creating two new firearm offences and providing escalating mandatory sentences of imprisonment for serious firearm offences;... strengthening the bail provisions for those accused of serious offences involving firearms and other regulated weapons;... providing for more effective sentencing and monitoring of dangerous and high-risk offenders;...introducing a new regime for the detection and investigation of drug impaired driving and strengthening the penalties for impaired driving; and... raising the age of consent for sexual activity from 14 to 16 years." It adds s. 84(5), (6), 98.1, 150.1(6), 253(2), 254.1, 258.1, 272(3) and (4), 273(3) and (4), 279(1.2) and (1.3), 279.1(2.1) and (2.2), 344(2) and (3), 346(1.2) and (1.3), 752.01, 753.01, 753.02, 755, it replaces s. 85(1)(a), 85(3)(a), (b) and (c), 91(1), (2), 92(1), (2), 93(1), 94(1), 95(1), 95(2)(a), 98, 99(2), (3), 100(2), 103(2), 150.1(1) and (2), 172.1(1)(b) and (c), 239, 244, 254(2) to (6), 255(1)(a)(i) to (iii), 255(1)(c), 255(2) and (3), 256(5), 257(2), 259(1), 261, 272(2)(a), 273(2)(a) and (a.1), 279(1.1)(a) and (a.1), 279.1(1), 279.1(2)(a), 344(a), 346(1.1)(a), 515(10)(c), 662(6), 743.1(3.1), 752.1, 753.1(3), 753.2(2), 753.3(1), 753.4(1), 757, 759(1) to (5), 810.1(3), 810.2(3), 810.2(5) to (6), it amends s. 150.1(4), 151, 152, 153(2), 160(3), 161(1), 170(a) and (b), 171(a) and (b), 173(2), 183(a), 253(1), 254(1), 255(4), 258(1), 259(2), 273.3(1)(a) and (b), 348.1, 487.04, 490.011(1), 515(6), 752, 753, 753.2(1), 754(1), 810.1(1), (3)(a) and (b), it repeals 753(6), 753.1(4) and (5). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (unauthorized recording of a movie) 2007, c. 28 (Bill C-59) June 22, 2007 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to prohibit the unauthorized recording of a movie in a movie theatre (camcording)." It adds s. 432. official text
An Act to amend certain Acts in relation to DNA identification 2007, c. 22 (Bill C-18) June 22, 2007 June 22, 2007 and Jan 1, 2008 This enactment amends the Criminal Code ... [amending] the provisions ... relating to orders for the taking of samples of bodily substances for forensic DNA analysis apply to persons who are sentenced ... allows an order to be made ... adds attempted murder and conspiracy to commit murder or to cause another person to be murdered to the offences covered by section 487.055 ... permits an application to be made ... when a person is still serving a sentence of imprisonment for one of the specified offences, rather than requiring that they be serving a sentence of imprisonment of two years or more for that offence;... in certain circumstances, allows ... [a person] to appear by closed-circuit television or a similar ... allows samples of bodily substances to be taken under the Criminal Code ... at the place, day and time set by an order or a summons or as soon as feasible afterwards;... specifies that it is an offence ... to fail to comply with such an order or summons.

It adds s. 487.055(1)(c.1), 487.055(3.01), 487.055(3.11), 487.0551, 487.0552, 487.056(4) to (6), 487.057(3). It replaces s. 487.04 [in part], 487.051, 487.054, 487.055(1)(d) and (e), 487.055(4), 487.056(1), 487.056(2) and (3), 487.057(1), 487.058, 487.06(1), 487.06(3), 487.07(1), 487.071(1), 487.071(2)(b), 487.08(1.1), 487.091(1)(a), 487.091(1)(b), 487.091(2) 487.091(3), 487.0911(1) to (3), 703(2), Forms 5.03 to 5.06, Form 5.07, Forms 5.08 and 5.09. It repeals s. 487.03(2), 487.055(7) to (10), Form 28.1.

official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (luring a child) 2007, c. 20 (Bill C-277) June 22, 2007 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to increase from five years to ten years the maximum punishment for an offence under section 172.1 (luring a child). It also specifies that, in the case of a summary conviction for this offence, the maximun [sic] punishment is eighteen months." It replaces s. 172.1(2)(a) and (b). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code in order to implement the United Nations Convention against Corruption 2007, c. 13 (Bill C-48) May 31, 2007 May 31, 2007 "This enactment makes technical amendments to the corruption and offence-related provisions of the Criminal Code to implement the United Nations Convention against Corruption." It amends s. 2, 118, 490.1(1), it replaces s. 119(1), 120, 121(1)(b) to (f), 123(1) and (2), 426(1)(a), 490.1(2), 490.1(3), 490.2(1) and (2), 490.4(3), 490.41(1). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (conditional sentence of imprisonment) 2007, c. 12 (Bill C-9) May 31, 2007 Dec 1, 2007 "This enactment amends section 742.1 of the Criminal Code to provide that a person convicted of a serious personal injury offence as defined in section 725 of that Act, a terrorism offence or a criminal organization offence prosecuted by way of indictment for which the maximum term of imprisonment is ten years or more is not eligible for a conditional sentence." It replaces s. 742.1. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (criminal interest rate) 2007, c. 9 (Bill C-26) May 3, 2007 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code by exempting persons from the application of section 347 of that Act in respect of agreements for small, short-term loans. The exemption applies to persons who are licensed or otherwise authorized to enter into such agreements by designated provinces that have legislative measures that protect recipients of payday loans and that specify a limit on the total cost of those loans." It replaces s. 347(1). It adds s. 347.1. official text
An Act to amend the National Defence Act, the Criminal Code, the Sex Offender Information Registration Act and the Criminal Records Act 2007, c. 5 (Bill S-3) March 29, 2007 Sept 12, 2008 "It ... makes certain amendments to the Criminal Code and the Sex Offender Information Registration Act to enhance the administration and enforcement of the current registration scheme for sex offender information."

It adds s. 490.016(3), 490.017(2), 490.023(1.1), 490.027(3), 490.031(2), 490.0311 It replaces s. 490.011(1) [in part], 490.012, 490.012(1) to (3), 490.013(2)(a) to (c), 490.013(3) and (4), 490.013(5), 490.015, 490.016(1), 490.018(3)(b), 490.019 [header], 490.02(1), 490.02(2)(a) and (b), 490.02(2)(c), 490.021(2), 490.022(1)(a) and (b), 490.022(3)(a) and (b), 490.022(3)(c), 490.022(3)(d), 490.023(1), 490.025 and 490.026, 490.027(1), 490.028 and 490.029, 490.03(1)(a) and (b), 490.03(2) to (4), 490.031, Form 52, Form 53 It repeals s.

official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (street racing) and to make a consequential amendment to the Corrections and Conditional Release Act 2006, c. 14 (Bill C-19) December 14, 2006 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to create an offence of street racing based on dangerous driving and criminal negligence offences. This enactment increases, in street racing situations, the maximum punishments for some offences and also provides for minimum prohibitions on driving that increase on a second and subsequent offence." It amends s. 2, 260(1), 673, 785, it adds s. 249.2, 249.3, 249.4, 259(3.1) to (3.4), it replaces s. 259(5), 261(1) and (2). official text
Federal Accountability Act 2006, c. 9 (C-2) December 12, 2006 March 1, 2007 It "amends the ... Criminal Code to create indictable offences for fraud with respect to public money or money of a Crown corporation, and makes persons convicted of those offences ineligible to be employed by the Crown or the corporation or to otherwise contract with the Crown." It replaces s. 750(3). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (proceeds of crime) and the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and to make consequential amendments to another Act 2005, c. 44 (Bill C-53) November 25, 2005 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code ... to provide a reverse onus of proof in proceeds of crime applications involving offenders who have been convicted of a criminal organization offence or certain offences under the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act. The enactment provides that a court shall make an order of forfeiture against any property of an offender [where] the offender has engaged in a pattern of criminal activity or has an income unrelated to crime that cannot reasonably account for all of the offender’s property. The enactment also amends the Criminal Code to clarify the authority of the Attorney General of Canada in regards to proceeds of crime and to clarify the definition “designated offence” in regards to offences that may be prosecuted by indictment or on summary conviction. It also amends a provision of the Criminal Code to ensure the equivalency of the English and French versions."

It adds s. 462.37(2.01) to (2.07). It replaces s. 462.3 (1) [in part], 462.3(3), 462.32(1), 462.33(2)(c), 462.33(3), 462.33(5), 462.33(10)(c), 462.341, 462.37(3), 462.4(a), 462.41(1), 462.41(3) [in part], 462.42(1), 462.45, 462.46(1), 689(1).

official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (trafficking in persons) 2005, c. 43 (Bill C-49) November 25, 2005 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to ... create an offence of trafficking in persons that prohibits a person from engaging in specified acts for the purpose of exploiting or facilitating the exploitation of another person; ... create an offence that prohibits a person from receiving a financial or other material benefit that they know results from the commission of the offence of trafficking in persons; ... create an offence that prohibits concealing, removing, withholding or destroying travel documents or documents that establish or purport to establish another person’s identity or immigration status for the purpose of committing or facilitating the offence of trafficking in persons; and ... establish that a person exploits another person if they cause them to provide, or offer to provide, labour or a service by engaging in conduct that could reasonably be expected to cause the other person to believe that their safety or that of someone known to them would be threatened if they failed to do so or if, by means of deception or the use or threat of force or of any other form of coercion, they cause the other person to have an organ or tissue removed."

It adds s. 279.01, 279.02, 279.03, 279.04. It replaces s. 183 [in part], 279 [header], 486(1.1), 486(2.1), 486(3)(a)(i), 487.04 [in part], 490.011(1) [in part], 738(1)(b).

official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code and the Cultural Property Export and Import Act 2005, c. 40 November 25, 2005 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to prohibit certain offences, including theft, robbery, mischief and arson against cultural property protected under the 1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. Those amendments allow for the prosecution of such offences when committed outside Canada by Canadians."

It adds s. 7(2.01), (2.02), 430(4.2). It replaces s. 2 [in part].

official text
Canada Border Services Agency Act 2005, c. 38 (C-26) November 3, 2005 December 12, 2005 Incidental amendments in creating the Canada Border Services Agency. It amends s. 2. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (protection of children and other vulnerable persons) and the Canada Evidence Act 2005, c. 32 (Bill C-2) July 20, 2005 November 1, 2005 (s. 1 to 12, 24, 25) and January 2, 2006 (s.13 to 23, 26 to 27.1) "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to ... amend the child pornography provisions with respect to the type of written and audio material that constitutes child pornography, and with respect to the child pornography offences, defences and penalties; ... add a new category to the offence of sexual exploitation of young persons and make additional amendments to further protect children from sexual exploitation;... increase the maximum penalty for child sexual offences, for failing to provide the necessaries of life and for abandoning a child;... make child abuse an aggravating factor for the purpose of sentencing and direct the courts to give primary consideration to the objectives of denunciation and deterrence in sentencing for offences involving abuse of a child; ... amend and clarify the applicable test and criteria that need to be met for the use of testimonial aids, for excluding the public, for imposing a publication ban, for using video-recorded evidence or for appointing counsel for self-represented accused to conduct a cross-examination of certain witnesses; and ... create an offence of voyeurism and the distribution of voyeuristic material." It adds s. 153(1.1), (1.2), 161(1.1), 162, 163.1(4.3), 486.1, 486.2, 486.3, 486.4, 486.5, 486.6, 718. It replaces s. 127, 150.1(2) and (3), 151, 152, 153(1), 161(1), 163.1(1) to (4), (4.1), (6), (7), 164(1), (3) to (5), (7), (8) [definition], 164.1(1), (5), (7), 170, 171, 183 [definition], 212(2), (4), 215(3), 218, 276.3, 278.9(1), 486, 487.2(1), 539(1), 542(2), 631(6), 648(1), 672.51(11), 715.1, 715.2, 718.2(a)(ii). It repeals s. 487.2(2), 539(4), 542(3), 648(3). official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code, the DNA Identification Act and the National Defence Act 2005, c. 25 May 19, 2005 on Royal Assent and January 1, 2008

It adds s. 487.051(4), 487.055(3)(a.1), 487.055(3)(b)(iv) to (vi), 487.0561, 487.0911. It replaces s. 487.04 [in part], 487.051(1) to (3), 487.052 and 487.053, 487.055(1), 487.056(1), 487.071, 487.08(1.1), 487.08(4), 487.091(1) and (2), Forms 5.03 to 5.06, Forms 5.08 and 5.09. It repeals s. 487.08(2.1).

official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (mental disorder) and to make consequential amendments to other Acts 2005, c. 22 (Bill C-10) May 19, 2005 on Royal Assent "This enactment amends Part XX.1 of the Criminal Code governing persons found unfit to stand trial or not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder. The amendments, among other things, include ... repealing unproclaimed provisions related to capping, dangerous mentally disordered accused and hospital orders; ... expanding the authority of Review Boards by enabling them to order an assessment of the accused, adjourn hearings and protect the identity of victims and witnesses; ... permitting the oral presentation of victim impact statements at disposition hearings and adjournments allowing the victim to prepare the statement; ... permitting Review Boards to extend the time for holding a review hearing to a maximum of 24 months in certain circumstances; ... permitting the court to hold an inquiry and order a judicial stay of proceedings for an accused found unfit to stand trial, if the accused is not likely to ever be fit to stand trial and does not pose a significant risk to the safety of the public and a stay is in the interests of the proper administration of justice; ... specifying that the transfer provisions require the consent of the appropriate Attorneys General in all cases and enabling transfers of an accused who is not in custody; and ... allowing peace officers arresting an accused who is in contravention of an assessment order or a disposition to release, detain, compel the appearance of or deliver the accused to a place specified in the order." It added s. 672.1(2), 672.121, 672.16(1.1), (1.2), 672.33(1.1), 672.45(1.1), 672.47(3), 672.5(5.1), 672.5(13.2), 672.5(15.1), (15.2), (15.3), 672.501, 672.85 [header], 672.851, 672.852. It replaced s. 672.1 [renumbered], 672.1(1) [in part], 672.11(e), 672.13(2), 672.14(3), 672.15(1), 672.16(1), 672.16(2), 672.16(3), 672.17, 672.191, 672.2(2), 672.2(4), 672.5(8), 672.5(16), 672.51(11), 672.52(2), 672.54, 672.541, 672.63, 672.67(2), 672.81(2), 672.82(1), 672.85, 672.85(b), 672.86(1)(b), 672.86(3), 672.91 to 672.94, 673 [definition], Form 48.

It repealed s. 672.21(3)(c), 672.55(2), 672.64 to 672.66, 672.79, 672.8, 672.83(2), 672.84, schedule to Part XX.1, 747 [header], 747 to 747.8, Form 51.

official text
Department of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Act 2005, c. 10 March 23, 2005 April 4, 2005

It replaces s. 83.05(1.1) to (4), 83.05(6)(a), 83.05(7) to (10), 83.06(1) and (2), 83.07, 83.09(1) and (2), 185(1), 186(6), 187(2), 196(1) and (2).

official text

2000 to 2004

Act Name Citation Royal Assent In force Summary Amended Code Sec. Amendment Text
An Act to amend certain Acts of Canada, and to enact measures for implementing the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, in order to enhance public safety 2004, c. 15 (C–7) May 6, 2004 Dec 1, 2004 The Act "adds a new offence to the Criminal Code for communicating information or committing any act that is likely to lead others to falsely believe that terrorist activity is occurring, with the intention of causing persons to fear death, bodily harm, substantial damage to property or serious interference with the lawful use or operation of property." It adds s. 83.231. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code and other Acts 2004, c. 12 (Bill C–14) April 22, 2004 April 22, 2004 and Oct 1, 2004 The Act "amends the Criminal Code by... establishing more serious offences for placing, or knowingly permitting to remain in a place, a trap, device or other thing that is likely to cause death or bodily harm to a person;... permitting the use of as much force as is reasonably necessary on board an aircraft to prevent the commission of an offence that would be likely to cause immediate and serious injury to the aircraft or to any person or property in the aircraft;... modifying the provision dealing with the provision of information on oath in relation to weapons; and... creating an exemption to the offence of intercepting private communications in order to protect computer systems." It replaces s. 7(8), 117.04, 247, 462.43(1)(c), 536(4), (4.1), 536.1(3), (4), 729(1)(b), 732.2(1)(c), 741(1), 742.2(2), 742.6(10), (12), (14) to (16), 742.6(17), 742.7(1), (4). It modifies s. 184(2), 193(2). It adds s. 27.1, 184(3) and Form 46. official text
An Act respecting the registration of information relating to sex offenders, to amend the Criminal Code and to make consequential amendments to other Acts 2004, c. 10 (Bill C–16) April 1, 2004 Dec 15, 2004 "The enactment amends the Criminal Code to enable the Crown to apply for an order to require an offender who is convicted of, or found not criminally responsible on account of a mental disorder for, certain offences to report regularly to a designated registration centre and provide information. It creates a new Criminal Code offence for failure to comply with the order, as well as an offence for providing false or misleading information."

It adds s. 490.011, 490.012, 490.013, 490.014, 490.015, 490.016, 490.017, 490.018, 490.019, 490.02, 490.021, 490.022, 490.023, 490.024, 490.025, 490.026, 490.027, 490.028, 490.029, 490.03, 490.031, 490.032, Form 52 [in part]

official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (capital markets fraud and evidence-gathering) 2004, c. 3 (Bill C–13) March 29, 2004 Sept 15, 2004 (s. 2 to 8) and Sept 15, 2005 (s. 1) "This enactment amends the Criminal Code by creating a new offence of prohibited insider trading and creating a new offence to prohibit threatening or retaliating against employees for disclosing unlawful conduct. The enactment increases the maximum penalties and codifies aggravating and non-mitigating sentencing factors for fraud and certain related offences and provides for concurrent jurisdiction for the Attorney General of Canada to prosecute those offences. The enactment also creates a new procedural mechanism by which persons will be required to produce documents, data or information in specific circumstances." It amends s. 2, 382. It replaces s. 380(1)(a), 380(2), 487.3(1), 487.3(4). It adds s. 380.1, 382.1, 425.1, 487.011 to 487.017. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (criminal liability of organizations) 2003, c. 21 (Bill C-45) November 7, 2003 March 31, 2004 (all except s. 556), June 1,2004 "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to ... establish rules for attributing to organizations, including corporations, criminal liability for the acts of their representatives; ... establish a legal duty for all persons directing work to take reasonable steps to ensure the safety of workers and the public; ... set out factors for courts to consider when sentencing an organization; and ... provide optional conditions of probation that a court may impose on an organization." Also known as the "Westray Bill", it created legal duties to employers for workplace safety. It amends s. 2, 362(1)(c), 620 to 623, 732.1(1), 734(1), 735(1), it added s. 22.1, 22.2, and 217.1, 718.21, 732.1(3) to (3.2), replaces s. 328(e), 362(1)(d), 462.38(3)(b), 538, 556, 570(5), 650(1), 703.2, 721(1), 727(4), 730(1), 735(1)(b), 735(2), 800(3), 556, it repealed s. 391. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (firearms) and the Firearms Act 2003, c. 8 (Bill C-10A) May 13, 2003 May 30, 2003 and August 15, 2003 "This enactment amends the Criminal Code and the Firearms Act in order to simplify compliance with the firearms program, to modernize administrative procedures and to meet Canada’s emerging international obligations by ... in Part III of the Criminal Code, ... modernizing the description of firearms that are deemed not to be firearms for the purpose of the Firearms Act and certain provisions of the Criminal Code, ... providing that there is no forfeiture of goods that are the subject of a prohibition order made under section 515 of the Criminal Code, and ... providing that an authorization, licence or registration certificate for firearms be revoked or amended only for the period that a prohibition order made under that section is in force;"

It adds s. 84(1) [definition], 115(1.1). It replaces s. 84(3)(d)(i) and (ii), 85(1)(a), 109(1)(c), 116, 117.07(2)(h), 515(4.1)(c).

official text
Excise Act, 2001 2002, c. 22 June 13, 2002 June 13, 2002 and july 1, 2003 Consequential amendments to the Code in enacting the Excise Act (partially repealed at a later date)

It replaces s. 2 [definitions], 78(2), 183 [definitions], 462.3(b.1) [definitions].

official text
Yukon Act 2002, c. 7 April 1, 2003 March 27, 2002 The Act intends to "replace the Yukon Act in order to modernize it and to implement certain provisions of the Yukon Northern Affairs Program Devolution Transfer Agreement, and to repeal and make amendments to other Acts". It amends s. 2, 552, schedule to Part XXV, it replaces s. 8(1)(a), 164(8)(d), 188(4)(f), 287(6)(e), 320(8)(d), 493(e), 533, 745.6(3)(f), 745.64(2), 812(1)(h), and 814(4). official text
Youth Criminal Justice Act 2002, c. 1 (Bill C-7) February 19, 2002 April 1, 2003

It replaces s. 487.04 [definitions], 487.051(1), 487.052(1), 487.053(b), 487.056(1), 487.071(1)(a) and (b), 667(1), 718.3(4), 721(3)(b), 743.4 and 743.5, Form 5.03, Form 5.04.

official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (organized crime and law enforcement) and to make consequential amendments to other Acts 2001, c. 32 (Bill C-24) December 18, 2001 Jan 7, 2002 and Feb 1, 2002 "The enactment amends the Criminal Code by ... providing additional protection to members of the Senate and the House of Commons and persons who play a role in the administration of criminal justice from certain acts of intimidation directed against them or their families; ... providing law enforcement officers and other persons acting at their direction with circumscribed protection from criminal liability for certain otherwise illegal acts committed in the course of an investigation or enforcement of an Act of Parliament; ... extending the application of its proceeds of crime provisions to indictable offences under the Criminal Code and other Acts of Parliament, with a few exceptions; ... extending the application of its provisions relating to offence-related property to indictable offences under the Criminal Code; ... providing for the management, by judicial order, of proceeds of crime and offence-related property, whether seized or restrained; and ... providing broader measures for investigation and prosecution in connection with organized crime by expanding the concepts of criminal organization and criminal organization offence and by creating three new offences relating to participation in the activities — legal and illegal — of criminal organizations, and to the actions of their leaders." It requires a review of s. 25.1 tto 25.4 after 3 years. It adds s. 25.1, 25.2, 25.3, 25.4, 231(6.2), 423.1, 462.3(1) ["proceeds of crime"], 462.3(1) [definitions], 462.3(2) to (4), 462.32(4.1), 462.331, 462.38(2.1), 462.43(2), 467.11, 467.12, 467.13, 467.14, 486(1.5), 486(2.101), 490.2(4.1), 490.41, 490.81, 515(4.1)(b.1), 743.6(1.2). It replaces s. 2 [definitions], 183 [definitions], 185(1.1), 186(1.1), 186.1, 196(5), 423(1), 462.3 [number change], 462.31(1)(a) and (b), 462.32(1), 462.33(3), 462.33(3.1), 462.33(7), 462.34(6)(a)(i), 462.34(6)(b), 462.36, 462.37(1) and (2), 462.38(1), 462.38(2)(b), 462.38(3), 462.39, 462.41(2)(c), 462.41(3)(a), 462.42(1)(a), 462.42(4), 462.47, 462.48(1), 462.48(2), 462.48(2)(d), 462.48(3), 467.1, 467.2, 486(2.11) and (2.2), 486(4.1), 486(4.7)(b) to (e), 486(4.9)(c), 490.1(1), 490.1(2) and (3), 490.2(1) and (2), 490.2(3), 490.4(2)(c), 490.4(3)(a), 490.5(1)(a) and (b), 490.5(4)(a), 490.8(2)(a), 490.8(3), 490.8(8)(a), 515(4.2), 515(6)(a)(ii), 631(3) to (5), 632, 633, 641, 643(1) and (2), 645(5), 743.6(1.1), 810.01(1) and (3),

It repeals s. 462.3(1) [definitions].

official text
Anti-terrorism Act 2001, c. 41 (Bill C-36) December 18, 2001 December 18, 2001, Dec 24, 2001, January 7, 2002, February 1, 2002, June 28, 2002, and July 2, 2003 It "amends the Criminal Code to implement international conventions related to terrorism, to create offences related to terrorism, including the financing of terrorism and the participation, facilitation and carrying out of terrorist activities, and to provide a means by which property belonging to terrorist groups, or property linked to terrorist activities, can be seized, restrained and forfeited. It also provides for the deletion of hate propaganda from public web sites and creates an offence relating to damage to property associated with religious worship."

It adds s. 83.01, 83.02, 83.03, 83.04, 83.05, 83.06, 83.07, 83.08, 83.09, 83.1, 83.11, 83.12, 83.13, 83.14, 83.15, 83.16, 83.17, 83.18, 83.19, 83.2, 83.21, 83.22, 83.23, 83.24, 83.25, 83.26, 83.27, 83.28, 83.29, 83.3, 83.32, 83.33, 231(6.01), 320.1, 424.1, 430(4.1), 431.1, 431.2, 462.48(1)(d), 486(2.101), (2.102), (2.11), (2.2), (4.11), 490.1(1.1), 515(4.3), 515(6)(a)(iii) to (v), 718.2(a)(v), 743.6(1.2) It replaces s. 2 [definitions], 7(3), 7(3.71) to (3.75), 7(7), 7(10), 183, 185(1.1), 186(1.1), 186.1, 196(5), 424, 431, 462.3 [in part], 486(2.11) and (2.2), 486(4.1), 486(4.7)(b) to (e), 486(4.9)(c), 487.04(a)(i) [in part], 515(4.1), 515(4.2), 810.01(1), 810.01(3), 811[in part].

official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (alcohol ignition interlock device programs) 2001, c. 37 (Bill C-46) December 18, 2001 Dec 18, 2001 "This enactment amends the Criminal Code to allow the court to authorize repeat offenders subject to driving prohibition orders to drive, if they register in a provincial alcohol ignition interlock device program. The enactment provides that no authorization has effect until a minimum period of prohibition has been completed of 3, 6 or 12 months for a first, second or subsequent offence, respectively." It adds s. 259(1.1) to (1.4) official text
Criminal Law Amendment Act, 2001 2002, c. 13 (Bill C-15A) June 4, 2002 July 23, 2003 (s. 79), June 1, 2004 (s. 24 to 46, 48, 59 and 72) "This enactment amends the Criminal Code by ... adding offences and other measures that provide additional protection to children from sexual exploitation, including sexual exploitation involving use of the Internet; ... increasing the maximum penalty for criminal harassment; ... making home invasions an aggravating circumstance for sentencing purposes; ... creating an offence of disarming, or attempting to disarm, a peace officer; ... codifying and clarifying the review process for applications to the Minister of Justice with respect to allegations of miscarriage of justice; and ... reforming and modernizing criminal procedure with respect to ... procedural aspects of preliminary inquiries, ... the disclosure of expert evidence, ... rules of court in relation to case management and preliminary inquiries, ... electronic documents and remote appearances, ... a plea comprehension inquiry scheme, ... private prosecutions, ... the selection of alternate jurors, and ... restriction on the use of agents."

It added s. 3.1, 163.1(4.1) and (4.2), 164.1, 164.2, 164.3, 172.1, 270.1, 348.1, 482.1, 507.1, 536.2 to 536.5, 537(1)(j.1), 537(1.1), 540(7) to (9), 579.01, 606(1.1), (1.2) and (5), 626.1, 631(2.1), 634(2.1), 642.1, 650.01, 650.02, 657.3(3) to (7), 683(2.1) and (2.2), 688(2.1), 696.1 to 696.6, 715(4), 774.1, 802.1. It replaced s. 7(2.31)(b), 7(4.2) and (4.3), 161(1), 163.1(3), (6), and (7), 164(4), 264(3)(a), 274, 275, 276(1), 277, 482(2), 482(3)(c), 485(1.1), 485(2.1), 507(1), 529.1(b), 535, 536(2), 536(4), 536.1(2) to (5), 537(1)(i), 540(1)(a), 549(1.1) and (2), 554(2), 555(3)(a), 555.1(3) and (4), 556(2)(b), 556(3) and (4), 557, 560(1), 561(2), 561.1(1) to (3), 561.1(5) to (7), 562.1(1) and (2), 563.1(1), 565(2), 566.1(1) and (2), 567 to 568, 569(1), 574, 577, 598(2), 625.1(2), 631(3), (4), and (5), 632(b), 634(2), 641(1), 642(1), 643(1) and (1.1), 646, 650(1), 673 [in part], 676(5), 679(7), 689(1), 731.1, 734.3, 742.2, 753.1(2)(a), 785 [in part], 810.01(2) and (6), 810.1(1) to (4), 810.2(2) and (7), 822(4), 841 to 849, Form 7.1, (b), Form 11.1, (a). It repeals s. 214 [in part], 690.

official text
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act 2001, c. 27 November 1, 2001 June 28, 2002 (partially repealed) Incidental amendments to the Criminal Code in creating the IRPA. It amends s. 462.3, it replaces s. 477.1(a)(ii). official text
Canada Shipping Act, 2001 2001, c. 26 November 1, 2001 July 1, 2001 Incidental amendments to the Criminal Code when introducing the Canada Shipping Act. It repeals s. 44. official text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (impaired driving causing death and other matters) 2000, c. 25 (Bill C-18) June 29, 2000 March 15, 2001 It replaces s. 255(3), 256(1). It repeals s. 553(c)(vii). {{{7}}}
Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act 2000, c. 24 (Bill C-19) June 29, 2000 October 23, 2000 It repeals s. 7(3.71) to (3.77). It modifies s. 183, 469, 745. It replaces s. 607(6). {{{7}}}
Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) Act 2000, c. 17 (Bill C-22) June 29, 2000 Oct 28, 2001 Minor incidental amendments to Code relating to Proceeds of Crime Act It replaces s. 488.1(11). {{{7}}}
An Act to amend The National Defence Act, the DNA Identification Act, and the Criminal Code 2000, c. 10 (Bill S-10) June 29, 2000 June 30, 2000 This Act makes amendments to the Code to "extend the prohibition against unauthorized use of bodily substances and the results of forensic DNA analysis to include those obtained under the National Defence Act." It also "amendments to the Criminal Code clarify and strengthen the existing regime concerning the taking of bodily substances for the purpose of forensic DNA analysis." It modifies s. 487.03, 487.057(1), 487.06, replaces s. 487.053, 487.055(2), 487.055(3.1), 487.056(2), (3), 487.058, 487.07 (1), (3), 487.071(1), 487.08(1), (1.1), (2), (2.1), and 487.091(3). It adds FORM 28.1. {{{7}}}
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (flight) 2000, c. 2 (Bill C-202) March 30, 2000 March 30, 2000 It adds s. 249.1, and replaces s. 259(2), 622(5). official text (gazette)
An Act to amend the Criminal Records Act and to amend another Act in consequence 2000, c. 1 (Bill C-7) March 30, 2000 August 1, 2000 This act makes minor amendments to the Code. It replaces s. 750(4). official text (gazette)

Amendments 1984 to 1999

Amendments Pre-1984


Dormant Amendments

Act Name Citation Royal Assent In force Summary Amendment Text
An Act to amend the Criminal Code (exploitation and trafficking in persons) S.C. 2015, c. 16 (Bill C-452) June 18, 2015 In force on OIC Amends s. 279.01 to 279.05 to create a presumption of culpability for those living with exploited persons. It also makes sentences under these sections consecutive. text

See Also