SOIRA Notice Convictions Outside Canada

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Notice and Obligation to Comply with the Sex Offender Information Registration Act — Convictions Outside Canada
Obligation
490.02901 A person who is served with a notice in Form 54 shall comply with the Sex Offender Information Registration Act for the applicable period specified in section 490.02904 unless a court makes an exemption order under subsection 490.02905(2).
2010, c. 17, s. 19.


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Persons who may be served
490.02902 (1) The Attorney General of a province, or the minister of justice of a territory, may serve a person with a notice in Form 54 only if the person arrived in Canada after the coming into force of this subsection and they were convicted of or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for an offence outside Canada — other than a service offence as defined in subsection 2(1) of the National Defence Act — that is, in the opinion of the Attorney General or minister of justice, equivalent to an offence referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition designated offence in subsection 490.011(1).
Exception
(2) The notice shall not be served on a person who has been acquitted of every offence in connection with which a notice may be served on them under section 490.02903.
2010, c. 17, s. 19.


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Period for and method of service
490.02903 (1) A notice in Form 54 shall be personally served.
Proof of service
(2) An affidavit of the person who served the notice, sworn before a commissioner or other person authorized to take affidavits, is evidence of the service and the notice if it sets out that

(a) the person who served the notice has charge of the appropriate records and has knowledge of the facts in the particular case;
(b) the notice was personally served on the person to whom it was directed on a named day; and
(c) the person who served the notice identifies a true copy of the notice as an exhibit attached to the affidavit.

Requirements relating to notice
(3) The person who served the notice shall, without delay, send a copy of the affidavit and the notice to the Attorney General of the province, or the minister of justice of the territory, in which the person was served.
2010, c. 17, s. 19.


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When obligation begins
490.02904 (1) The obligation under section 490.02901 begins on the day on which the person is served with the notice.
When obligation ends
(2) The obligation ends on the day on which an exemption order is made.
Duration of obligation
(3) If subsection (2) does not apply, the obligation

(a) ends 10 years after the person was sentenced or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder if the maximum term of imprisonment provided for in Canadian law for the equivalent offence is two or five years;
(b) ends 20 years after the person was sentenced or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder if the maximum term of imprisonment provided for in Canadian law for the equivalent offence is 10 or 14 years;
(c) applies for life if the maximum term of imprisonment provided for in Canadian law for the equivalent offence is life; or
(d) applies for life if, before or after the coming into force of this paragraph, the person was convicted of, or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for, more than one offence referred to in paragraph (a), (c), (c.1), (d), (d.1) or :(e) of the definition designated offence in subsection 490.011(1) or referred to in paragraph (a) or (c) of the definition designated offence in section 227 of the National Defence Act and if more than one of those offences is listed in the notice.

2010, c. 17, s. 19; 2014, c. 25, s. 28.


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Application for exemption order
490.02905 (1) A person who is served with a notice in Form 54 under section 490.02903 may apply to a court of criminal jurisdiction for an order exempting them from the obligation within one year after they are served.
Exemption order
(2) The court

(a) shall make an exemption order if it is satisfied that the person has established that
(i) they were not convicted of or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for or were acquitted of the offence in question, or
(ii) the offence in question is not equivalent to an offence referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition designated offence in subsection 490.011(1); and
(b) shall order that the notice be corrected if it is satisfied that the offence in question is not equivalent to the offence referred to in the notice but is equivalent to another offence referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition designated offence in subsection 490.011(1).

Reasons for decision
(3) The court shall give reasons for its decision.
Removal of information from database
(4) If the court makes an exemption order, it shall also make an order requiring the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to permanently remove from the database all information that relates to the person that was registered in the database on receipt of the copy of the notice.
Notification
(5) If the court makes an order referred to in paragraph (2)(b), it shall cause the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Attorney General of the province, or the minister of justice of the territory, in which the application for the order was made to be notified of the decision.
2010, c. 17, s. 19.


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Appeal
490.02906 (1) The Attorney General or the person who applied for an exemption order may appeal from a decision under subsection 490.02905(2) on any ground of appeal that raises a question of law or of mixed law and fact. The appeal court may

(a) dismiss the appeal;
(b) allow the appeal and order a new hearing;
(c) quash the exemption order; or
(d) make an order that may be made under that subsection.

Removal of information from database
(2) If an appeal court makes an exemption order, it shall also make an order requiring the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to permanently remove from the database all information that relates to the person that was registered in the database on receipt of the copy of the notice.
2010, c. 17, s. 19.


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Requirements relating to notice
490.02907 If an appeal court quashes an exemption order, it shall cause the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Attorney General of the province, or the minister of justice of the territory, in which the application for the order was made to be notified of the decision and shall cause the person who applied for the order to be informed of sections 4 to 7.1 of the Sex Offender Information Registration Act, sections 490.031 and 490.0311 of this Act and section 119.1 of the National Defence Act.
2010, c. 17, s. 19.


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Application for termination order
490.02908 (1) A person who is subject to an obligation under section 490.02901 may apply to a court of criminal jurisdiction for a termination order unless they are also subject to another obligation under that section — or to an obligation under section 490.019, under section 227.06 of the National Defence Act or under section 36.1 of the International Transfer of Offenders Act or an order under section 490.012 or under section 227.01 of the National Defence Act — that began later.
Time for application — one offence
(2) The person may apply for a termination order if the following period has elapsed since the sentence was imposed or the verdict of not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder was rendered:

(a) five years if the maximum term of imprisonment provided for in Canadian law for the equivalent offence is two or five years;
(b) 10 years if the maximum term of imprisonment provided for in Canadian law for the equivalent offence is 10 or 14 years; or
(c) 20 years if the maximum term of imprisonment provided for in Canadian law for the equivalent offence is life.

Time for application — more than one offence
(3) If more than one offence is listed in the notice served under section 490.02903, the person may apply for a termination order if 20 years have elapsed since the sentence was imposed, or the verdict of not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder was rendered, for the most recent offence.
Re-application
(4) A person whose application is refused may apply again if five years have elapsed since the application was made.
2010, c. 17, s. 19.


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Termination order
490.02909 (1) The court shall make an order terminating the obligation if it is satisfied that the person has established that the impact on them of continuing the obligation, including on their privacy or liberty, would be grossly disproportionate to the public interest in protecting society through the effective prevention or investigation of crimes of a sexual nature to be achieved by the registration of information relating to sex offenders under the Sex Offender Information Registration Act.
Reasons for decision
(2) The court shall give reasons for its decision.
Requirements relating to notice
(3) If the court makes a termination order, it shall cause the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Attorney General of the province, or the minister of justice of the territory, to be notified of the decision.
2010, c. 17, s. 19.


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Appeal
490.0291 (1) The Attorney General or the person who applied for a termination order may appeal from a decision under subsection 490.02909(1) on any ground of appeal that raises a question of law or of mixed law and fact. The appeal court may dismiss the appeal, allow the appeal and order a new hearing, quash the termination order or make an order that may be made under that subsection.
Requirements relating to notice
(2) If the appeal court makes an order that may be made under subsection 490.02909(1), it shall cause the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Attorney General of the province, or the minister of justice of the territory, in which the application for the order was made to be notified of the decision.
2010, c. 17, s. 19.


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Obligation to advise police service
490.02911 (1) A person who was convicted of or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for an offence outside Canada shall, if the offence is equivalent to one referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition designated offence in subsection 490.011(1), advise a police service within seven days after the day on which they arrive in Canada of that fact and of their name, date of birth, gender and address. They are not required to so advise the police service again unless they are later convicted of or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for another such offence.
Change in address
(2) The person shall, if they are in Canada, advise a police service of a change in address within seven days after the day on which the change is made.
Information to be provided to Attorney General
(3) The police service shall cause the Attorney General of the province, or the minister of justice of the territory, in which it is located to be provided with the information.
Obligation ends
(4) A person’s obligation under subsection (2) ends when they are served under section 490.02902 or, if it is earlier, one year after the day on which they advise the police service under subsection (1).
2010, c. 17, s. 19.


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