Seizure of Bodily Samples
Bodily samples cannot be taken without a warrant where the subject does not consent.
There are several methods of obtaining bodily samples:
- general warrant (s.487);
- DNA Sample (s.487.05);
- blood sample demand (s.254(3));
- DRE blood sample (s.254(3.4));
- blood sample warrant (s.256);
- bodily impressions (s. 487.092)
A bodily sample can also be obtained by consent.
- R v Tomaso, (1989), 70 CR (3d) 152 (Ont. CA) (*no CanLII links)
- See Consent Search
General DNA Sample Seizure (s.487.05)
Blood Sample Seizure in Impaired Driving Investigations (256)
Body Print Impression Warrant (487.092)
Obtaining Blood Samples by General Warrant (487)
Where a nurse takes a blood sample from a patient as part of her regular course of duties, it is available to the police to obtain a warrant to seize the sample as evidence.
Blood taken by a nurse as part of hospital procedure will still be protected by an expectation of privacy.
Where an officer directs the nurse to store a blood sample for a period beyond the time intended by the hospital, it will effectively enter into the custody of police.