Remote Attendance in Court

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General Principles

s. 2
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"audioconference" means any means of telecommunication that allows the judge or justice and any individual to communicate orally in a proceeding; (audioconférence)

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"videoconference" means any means of telecommunication that allows the judge, justice or chairperson of a Review Board, as defined in subsection 672.1(1) [mental disorders – definitions], and any individual to engage in simultaneous visual and oral communication in a proceeding; (vidéoconférence)

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R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 2; R.S., 1985, c. 11 (1st Supp.), s. 2, c. 27 (1st Supp.), ss. 2, 203, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 61, c. 1 (2nd Supp.), s. 213, c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 10, c. 35 (2nd Supp.), s. 34, c. 32 (4th Supp.), s. 55, c. 40 (4th Supp.), s. 2; 1990, c. 17, s. 7; 1991, c. 1, s. 28, c. 40, s. 1, c. 43, ss. 1, 9; 1992, c. 20, s. 216, c. 51, s. 32; 1993, c. 28, s. 78, c. 34, s. 59; 1994, c. 44, s. 2; 1995, c. 29, ss. 39, 40, c. 39, s. 138; 1997, c. 23, s. 1; 1998, c. 30, s. 14; 1999, c. 3, s. 25, c. 5, s. 1, c. 25, s. 1(Preamble), c. 28, s. 155; 2000, c. 12, s. 91, c. 25, s. 1(F); 2001, c. 32, s. 1, c. 41, ss. 2, 131; 2002, c. 7, s. 137, c. 22, s. 324; 2003, c. 21, s. 1; 2004, c. 3, s. 1; 2005, c. 10, s. 34, c. 38, s. 58, c. 40, ss. 1, 7; 2006, c. 14, s. 1; 2007, c. 13, s. 1; 2012, c.1, s. 160, c. 19, s. 371; 2013, c. 13, s. 2; 2014, c. 17, s. 1, c. 23, s. 2, c. 25, s. 2; 2015, c. 3, s. 44, c. 13, s. 3, c. 20, s. 15; 2018, c. 21, s. 12; 2019, c. 13, s. 140; 2019, c. 25, s. 1.

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Note up: 2

PART XXII.‍01 
Remote Attendance by Certain Persons
Principles
Attendance

715.21 Except as otherwise provided in this Act, a person who appears at, participates in or presides at a proceeding shall do so personally.

2019, c. 25, s. 292.

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Note up: 715.21

Provisions providing for audioconference or videoconference

715.‍22 The purpose of the provisions of this Act that allow a person to appear at, participate in or preside at a proceeding by audioconference or videoconference, in accordance with the rules of court, is to serve the proper administration of justice, including by ensuring fair and efficient proceedings and enhancing access to justice.

2019, c. 25, s. 292.

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Note up: 715.22


Accused

See also: Obligation of Accused to be Present During Proceedings

Counsel or Other Participants

See also: Remote Attendance of Counsel or Other Participants

Witnesses

Judge or Justice

Judge or Justice
Presiding by audioconference or videoconference

715.‍26 (1) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, the judge or justice may preside at the proceeding by audioconference or videoconference, if the judge or justice considers it necessary having regard to all the circumstances, including

(a) the accused’s right to a fair and public hearing;
(b) the nature of the witness’ anticipated evidence;
(c) the nature and seriousness of the offence; and
(d) the suitability of the location from where the judge or justice will preside.
Reasons

(2) The judge or justice shall include in the record a statement of the judge or justice’s reasons for the decision to preside at the proceeding by audioconference or videoconference.

Cessation

(3) The judge or justice may, at any time, cease the use of the technological means referred to in subsection (1) and take any measure that the judge or justice considers appropriate in the circumstances to preside at the proceeding.

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Note up: 715.26(1), (2) and (3)

Appearance in Court of Appeal

See also: Remote Attendance at the Court of Appeal