List of Straight Indictable Offences

From Criminal Law Notebook
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See also: Offences by Penalty, List of Hybrid Offences, and List of Summary Conviction Offences

Minimum Punishment is Imprisonment for Life

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
High Treason 46(1), 47(1) and 745 25 years without parole No
Treason (overthrow gov't) 47 (2)(a), (c), or (d) and 745 N/A No
Treason (espionage while at war) 47 (2)(b) or (e) and 745 N/A No
First Degree Murder 235 and 745 25 years without parole No
Second Degree Murder (with prior conviction for murder, war crimes or crimes against humanity) 235 and 745 25 years without parole No
Second Degree Murder 235 and 745 10 years without parole No

Maximum Punishment of Imprisonment for Life

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
Interfering with reading of riot proclamation or refusing to cease participation in riot 68 None No
Piracy 74, 75 None No
Hijacking 76 None No
Endangering safety of aircraft or airport 77 None No
Seizing control of ship or fixed platform 78.1(1) None No
Violent act on board a shop or platform 78.1(2) None No
False information re safe navigation 78.1(3) None No
Threats to commit offences at 78.1(2) 78.1(4) None No
Breach of duty of care re explosives endangering life 80(a) None No
Intending to cause explosion or use corrosive substance with intent to cause death or serious harm 81(1)(a), (b) and 81(2)(a) None No
Possession, etc., of nuclear material, radioactive material or device 82.3 None No
Use or alteration of nuclear material, radioactive material or device 82.4 None No
Commission of indictable offence to obtain nuclear material, etc. 82.4 None No
Committing an Offence for a Terrorist Group 83.2 None Yes (s. 83.26)
Instructing activity for terrorist group 83.21(1) None Yes (s. 83.26)
Instructing terrorist activity 83.22(1) None Yes (s. 83.26)
Hoax re terrorist activity (causing death) 83.231(4) None No
Break and enter to steal firearm 98(4) None No
Robbery to steal firearm 98.1 None No
Causing death by criminal negligence (involving the use of a firearm) 220(a) 4 years No
Negligence causing death (no firearm) 220(b) None No
Manslaughter (involving use of a firearm) 236(a) 4 years No
Manslaughter (not involving use of a firearm) 236(b) None No
Killing unborn child in act of birth 238 None No
Attempted Murder (with restricted or prohibited firearm) 239(1)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Attempt to commit murder (use of a firearm which is not a restricted or prohibited firearm) 239(1)(a.1) 4 years No
Attempt to commit murder (no use of a firearm) 239(1)(b) None No
Accessory after fact to murder 240 None No
Overcoming resistance to commission of offence 246 None No
Interfere with transportation likely to cause death 248 None No
Manslaughter (Failure to safeguard ice opening or excavation resulting in death) 236, 263(3)(a) None No
sexual assault with a weapon or causing bodily harm, victim under 16
From July 17, 2015
272(2)(a.2) 5 years jail Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Aggravated sexual assault victim under 16 years
From November 6, 2012
273(2)(a.2) 5 years jail Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Aggravated sexual assault with restricted firearm or for a criminal organization 273(2)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Aggravated sexual assault with a non restricted firearm 273(2)(a.1) 4 years No
Aggravated sexual assault without a firearm 273(2)(b) None No
Kidnapping, trafficking in persons, hostage taking and abduction with restricted firearm etc or for a criminal organization 279(1.1)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Kidnapping, trafficking in persons, hostage taking and abduction with a non-restricted firearm 279(1.1)(a.1) 4 years No
Kidnapping, trafficking in persons under the age of 16, hostage taking and abduction
From June, 2013
279(1.1)(a.2)
From June 23, 2013
5 years No
Kidnapping, trafficking in persons, hostage taking and abduction without a firearm 279(1.1)(b) None No
Hostage taking with restricted firearm or for benefit of criminal organization 279.1(2)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Hostage taking with a non-restricted firearm 279.1(2)(a.1) 4 years No
Hostage taking (without aggravating elements) 279.1(2)(b) None No
Trafficking in persons (kidnap, aggravated assault, aggravated sexual assault, or death) 279.01(1)(a) 5 years No
Trafficking in persons under the age of 18 years (kidnap, aggravated assault, aggravated sexual assault, or death) 279.011(a) 6 years Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Abortion 287(1) None No
dangerous operation when accident causes death
From December 18, 2018
320.13(3), 320.21 $1,000 fine, 30 days or 90 days jail No
Operation While Impaired or Blood Concentration Over and Causing Death
From December 18, 2018
320.14(3), 320.21 $1,000 fine, 30 days or 90 days jail No
Refusal When Accident Resulting in Death
From December 18, 2018
320.15(3), 320.21 $1,000 fine, 30 days or 90 days jail No
Failure to stop after accident resulting in death
From December 18, 2018
320.16(3), 320.21 $1,000 fine, 30 days or 90 days jail No
Robbery 344 None No
Robbery with non restricted firearm 344(1)(a.1) 4 years No
Robbery with restricted firearm or for benefit of criminal organization 344(1)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Stopping mail with intent to obtain 345 None No
Extortion (with restricted firearm or for the benefit of a criminal organization) 346(1.1)(a)(i) and (ii) 5 or 7 years with prior No
Extortion (with non restricted firearm) 346(1.1)(a.1) 4 years No
Extortion (no firearm or other aggravating facts) 346(1.1)(b) None No
Break and Enter into a Dwelling House 348(1)(d) None No
Mischief causing actual danger to life 430(2) None No
Explosives offence re public or government facility 431.2(2) None No
Arson (disregard for human life) 433 None No
Conspiracy to commit murder 465(1)(a) None No
Instructing commission of offence for criminal organization 467.13(1) None Yes (s. 467.14)
First or Second Degree Murder (Young Offender) 745.1 5 to 7, 10 years (variable) No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule I) CDSA 5 None No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule I), with relevant aggravating factors (crim. org., violence, weapons, prior record)
From March 13, 2012
CDSA 5 1 year No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule I), with relevant aggravating factors (near school, near or with young persons, in prison)
From March 13, 2012
CDSA 5 2 year No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule II) CDSA 5 None No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule II), with relevant aggravating factors (crim. org., violence, weapons, prior record)
From March 13, 2012
CDSA 5 1 year No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule II) with relevant aggravating factors (near school, near or with young persons, in prison)
From March 13, 2012
CDSA 5 2 year No
Importation and exportation of drugs (Schedule I), not greater than 1 kg
From March 13, 2012
CDSA 6 None No
Importation and exportation of drugs (Schedule I), not greater than 1 kg and aggravating factors
From March 13, 2012
CDSA 6 1 year No
Importation and exportation of drugs (Schedule I), greater than 1 kg
From March 13, 2012
CDSA 6 2 years No
Importation and exportation of drugs (Schedule II) CDSA 6 None No
Importation and exportation of drugs (Schedule II) with aggravating factors
From March 13, 2012
CDSA 6 1 year No

Maximum Punishment is Imprisonment for 14 Years

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
Treason (espionage while not at war) 47(2)(c) None No
Assist alien enemy 50(1)(a) and 50(2) None No
Omission to prevent treason 50(1)(b) and 50(2) None No
Intimidating Parliament 51 None No
Inciting to mutiny 53 None No
Forgery of or uttering forged passport 57(1) None No
Sedition 61 None No
Piratical acts 75 None No
Offensive weapons and explosives on aircraft 78 None No
Breach of duty of care re explosives risking bodily harm 80(b) None No
Possession of explosive with intent to destroy property or intent to endanger life 81(1)(c),(d) and 81(2)(b) None No
Possession of explosive for criminal organization 82(2) None Yes (s. 82.1)
Threats to commit an offence relating to nuclear materials 82.6 None No
Facilitating terrorist activity 83.19(1) None Yes (s. 83.26)
Leaving Canada to facilitate terrorist activity 83.191 None Yes (s. 83.26)
Leaving Canada to commit offence for terrorist group 83.201 None Yes (s. 83.26)
Leaving Canada to commit offence that is terrorist activity 83.202 None Yes (s. 83.26)
Harbouring or concealing terrorist who committed an offence with maximum penalty of life 83.23(1)(a) None Yes (s. 83.26)
Using firearm in commission of offence 85(1) 1 year or 3 years with prior Yes (s. 85(3))
Using an imitation firearm in commission of offence 85(2) 1 year or 3 years with prior Yes (s. 85(3))
Bribery of judicial officers or member of a legislature 119(1) None No
Bribery of public officers 120 None No
Perjury 131, 132 None No
Witness giving contradictory evidence 136(1) None No
Fabricating 137 None No
Sexual interference 151 1 year or less jail Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Invitation to sexual touching 152 1 year or less jail Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Making of child pornography
after July 17, 2015
163.1(2) 1 year or less jail Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Distribution child pornography
after July 17, 2015
163.1(3) 1 year or less jail Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Parent or guardian procuring sexual activity under 16
From July 17, 2015
170 1 year Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Householder permitting sexual activity under 18
From July 17, 2015
171 1 year Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Living on the avails of prostitution of person under eighteen (no parasitic involvement) 212 2 years jail Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Procuring involving person under 18 (with parasitic involvement) 212(2.1) 5 years jail Yes (s. 718.3(7))a
Counselling suicide 241 None No
Discharging firearms with intent to wound (with aggravated factors) 244(2)(a)(i) and (ii) Minimum of 5 or 7 years with prior No
Discharging firearms with intent to wound, maim, etc. (without aggravating factors) 244(2)(b) 4 years jail No
Causing bodily harm with air gun with intent 244.1 None No
Discharging firearm — recklessness (without aggravating factors 244.2 4 years jail No
Discharging firearm — recklessness (with aggravating factors 244.2 Minimum of 5 or 7 years with prior No
Administer noxious thing with intent to endanger life 245(1)(a) None No
Keep trap and cause bodily harm in place to commit offence 247(4) None No
Aggravated Assault 268 None No
Torture 269.1 None No
Aggravated assault of peace officer 270.02 None Yes (s. 270.03)
Sexual Assault Sexual assault with restricted firearm etc weapon, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm 272(2)(a) Minimum of 5 or 7 years with prior No
Sexual assault with a firearm that is not restricted, etc, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm 272(2)(a.1) 4 years jail No
Sexual assault with a weapon (no aggravating elements) 272(2)(b) None No
Sexual assault causing bodily harm (no aggravating elements) 272(2)(b) None No
Sexual assault with weapon that is not a firearm, threats to a third party or causing bodily harm 272(2)(b) None No
Trafficking in persons (without enumerated aggravating factors) 279.01(2) 4 years No
Trafficking in persons under the age of 18 years (without enumerated aggravating factors) 279.011(b) 5 years No
Profiting from trafficking in persons 279.02(2) 2 years No
Material benefit from sexual services — person under 18 years 286.2(2) 2 years jail No
Procuring — person 18 years or over 286.3 None No
Procuring — person under 18 years 286.3 5 years jail No
Breach of trust 336 None No
Trafficking in stolen property over $5,000 355.2, 355.5 None No
Poss'n for the purpose of trafficking in stolen property over $5,000 355.4, 355.5 None No
Offence involving exchequer bill paper, public seal 369 None No
Drawing document without authority 374 None No
Obtaining instrument based on forged document 375 None No
Counterfeiting stamp 376(1) None No
Counterfeiting mark 376(2) None No
Fraud Over $5,000
after September 1, 2004
380(1)(a) 2 years jail (over $1 mill., s. 380(1.1)) No
Fraud involving a testamentary instrument 380(1)(a) None No
Fraud affecting public markets of stocks, etc. 380(2) None No
Sale of defective stores to Her Majesty 418(1) None No
Participation in fraud re sale of defective stores 418(2) None No
Intimidation of a justice system participant 423.1 None No
Attack on premises, residence or transport of internationally protected person 431 None No
Attack on premises, residence or transport of U.N. or associated personnel 431.1 None No
Arson — damage to property 434 None No
Arson causing damage to property (w/out disregard for life as in 433) 434 None No
Arson causing damage to own property (w disregard for life as in 433) 434.1 None No
Make counterfeit money 449 None No
Possession of counterfeit money 450 None No
Use of counterfeit money 452 None No
Clip or utter coin 455 None No
Possession of materials for counterfeiting 458 None No
Conveying instruments for counterfeiting from mint 459 None No
Attempt or accessory to indictable offence punishable by life imprisonment 463(a) None No
Commission of offence for criminal organization 467.12(1) None Yes (s. 467.14)
drug production (cannabis) (between 5 and 201 plants for purpose of trafficking) CDSA 7(2)(b) 6 months No
drug production (cannabis) (between 5 and 201 plants for purpose of trafficking with aggravating factors) CDSA 7(2)(b) 9 months No
drug production (cannabis) (between 201 and 501 plants for purpose of trafficking) CDSA 7(2)(b) 1 year No
drug production (cannabis) (between 201 and 501 plants for purpose of trafficking with aggravating factors) CDSA 7(2)(b) 18 months No
drug production (cannabis) (greater than 500 plants for purpose of trafficking) CDSA 7(2)(b) 2 years No
drug production (cannabis) (greater than 500 plants for purpose of trafficking with aggravating factors) CDSA 7(2)(b) 3 years No

Maximum Punishment of 10 Years

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
Provide or collect property to further terrorism 83.02 None Yes (s. 83.26)
Provide property or services to further terrorism 83.03 None Yes (s. 83.26)
Use or possession of property to further terrorism 83.04 None Yes (s. 83.26)
Participation in terrorist activity 83.18 None Yes (s. 83.26)
Leaving Canada to participate in activity of terrorist group 83.181 None Yes (s. 83.26)
Harbouring or concealing terrorist who committed an offence with maximum penalty of 14 years or less 83.23(1)(b) None Yes (s. 83.26)
HarbouringConcealing person who is likely to carry out terrorist activity 83.23(2) None Yes (s. 83.26)
Possession of firearm knowing its possession is unauthorized 92(1) 1 year (if one prior); 2 years less a day (if two or more prior) No
Possession of prohibited weapon, device or ammunition knowing its possession is unauthorized 92(2) 1 year (if one prior); 2 years less a day (if two or more prior) No
Weapons Trafficking (with any aggravating elements made out) 99(2)(a) and 99(2)(b) 3 or 5 years jail with prior No
Weapons trafficking (w/out aggravating factors) 99(3) 1 year No
Possession for purpose of weapons trafficking (with any aggravating elements made out) 100(2)(a) and 100(2)(b) 3 or 5 years jail with prior No
Possession for purpose of weapons trafficking ((w/out aggravating factors) 100(3) 1 year No
Knowingly importing or exporting of unauthorized firearms (with aggravating factors) 103(2)(a) and 103(2)(b) 3 or 5 years jail with prior No
Knowingly importing or exporting unauthorized firearms (w/out aggravating factors) 103(2.1) 1 year jail No
Procuring 212(1) None No
Dangerous operation of motor vehicle cause bodily harm 249(3) None No
Failure to stop at scene of accident (bodily harm) 252(1.2) None No
Impaired Driving and Over 80 Causing Bodily Harm 255(2), (2.1), (2.2) $1,000 fine, 30 days, 120 days No
Blood alcohol over legal limit while causing bodily harm 255(2.1) $1,000 fine, 30 days or 90 days jail No
Failure to provide sample and bodily harm 255(2.2) $1,000 fine, 30 days or 90 days jail No
Withholding or destroying documents in respect of human trafficking, persons under 18 years 279.03(2) 1 year No
Obtaining sexual services for consideration from person under 18 years 286.1(2) 6 months or 1 year No
Theft over $5,000 or testamentary instrument 334(a) None No
Possession of stolen goods over $5,000 or testamentary instrument 355(a) None No
Theft from mail 356(1) None No
Conspiracy to prosecute an innocent person for an offence punishable by life or 14 years 465(1))(b)(i) None No
Drug Trafficking (Schedule III) CDSA 5 None No

Maximum Punishment of 7 years

Offence Section Minimums Consecutive Time
Attempt or accessory to indictable offence punishable by 14 years 463(b) varies varies
Drug production (Cannabis) CDSA 7(2)(b) None No

Maximum Punishment is Imprisonment for 5 Years

Offence Section Minimums Consecutive Time
Counselling commission of terrorism offence 83.221 None Yes (s. 83.26)
Set trap likely to cause bodily harm 247(1) None No
Hate propaganda 318(1) None No
Recruitment of members by a criminal organization 467.111 None Yes (s. 467.14)
Recruitment of members under the age of 18 by a criminal organization 467.111 6 months Yes (s. 467.14)

Maximum Punishment is Imprisonment for 5 Years Less a Day

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
Drug trafficking (Schedule II), Cannabis resin (<=1 g) or Cannabis (<=30 g) CDSA 5(4) None No

Maximum Punishment is Imprisonment for 2 Years

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
Book-making (if no prior offences) 202(2)(a) None No
Book-making 202(2)(b) and 202(2)(c) 14 days or 3 months jail No
Placing bets for others (if no prior offences) 203(d) None No
Placing bets for others 203(e) and 203(f) 14 days or 3 months jail No

Maximum Punishment is Imprisonment for 18 Months

Offence Section Minimums Mandatory Consecutive Time
Drug possession (Schedule IV) CDSA 4(7) None No


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