Long-Term and Dangerous Offender Designation

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See also: List of Dangerous Offender Designated Offences

Part XXIV of the Code, between s. 752 and 761, creates a regime to designate certain offenders as either "long-term offenders" (LTO) or "dangerous offenders" (DO). These offenders will be subject to either a long-term offender supervision order, in the case of an LTO, or a order of indeterminate detention, in the case of the DO.


The provisions of the Criminal Code regarding indefinite detention arose from the 1938 Archambault Report that recommended implementing a regime that separated dangerous offenders from society. In 1947 the first amendments were made creating a indefinite detention order for "habitual criminals".[1]

The first amendment to the Criminal Code introducing the dangerous offender regime was in 1977.[2] It was later amended in 1997 and the in 2008 with the Tackling Violent Crime Act (SC 2008, c. 6).[3]

  1. R v Ipeelee, 2012 SCC 13 (CanLII) at paras 40 to 45
  2. Boutilier at para 24
  3. Boutilier at para 23
    see List of Criminal Code Amendments